Teaching In the 21st Century 1. How did your education and training prepare you to instruct 21st century learners? pbs.org/digitalmedia/newlearners of the 21st century.
Teaching in the 21st Century 2. What is the role of memorization in 21st Century instruction?
For Discussion 3.Is content learning a 20th century idea, while learning how to produce the content a 21st century skill?
Teaching in the 21st Century 4.How similar or dissimilar is your school/classroom to the industrial model that schools were built on?
Teaching in the 21st Century 5.Does a “one size fits all” type of teaching address the varying learning styles found in a classroom? • 5.Does a “one size • ts all” type of teaching address the varying learning styles found in a classroom?
Teaching in the 21st Century 6. Can you offer an example of a local educator that is focused on 21st century teaching skills?
Brain Based Accelerated Learning The Art Of Teaching For the 21st Century
Split Brain Theory • Roger Sperry and Robert Ornstein, Nobel Prize winning researchers developed the theory of brain lateralization. • Two halves of the brain’s cerebral cortex-left and right execute different function. • Helps us understand and use the proper mode of thinking when performing particular tasks.
Left Brain • Specializes in analytical thought. • Deals with hard facts: abstractiions, discipline and rules, details, definitions, logic and rationality, deductive reasoning,etc. • The left hemisphere is emphasized in our educational system and society in general.
Right Brain • Specializes in the softer aspects of life. • Intuition, feelings and sensitivity, emotions, daydreaming and visualizing creativity, (including art and music), color, spatial awareness, spontaneity, impulsiveness, humor,etc.
Lateralization • Ideally, we develop lateralization (the ability to use the proper hemisphere for task which we are doing). • We tend to use one half more than the other. We develop brain dominance during childhood. • We tend to distrust or even dislike the non-dominant half.
Synchronize For Whole Brain Instruction • We need to develop both hemispheres • Be aware of the two modes: how do you feel in a left brain activity; how do you feel performing a left brain activity? • Always acknowledge other ‘s hemisphere-preferences, to enhance communication.
Whole Brain Instruction • Strive for whole brain activities to maximize instruction.
Teach To the Whole Brain • This is one of the Foundations of Accelerated Learning.
Teach to the Whole Brain • Learners are given activities that utilizes both hemispheres.
Triune Brain Theory-Dr Paul McLean • Has provided insight into our behavior, ability to learn and emotional I.Q. and delineated the brain into 3 regions.
Old Brain/Reptilian Brain • Layer 1: oldest, the reptilian system, in charge of maintenance
Reptilian Brain (Old) • Survival-brain stem, the brain stem involved in flight or fight, response to stress. • Students unable to learn or think clearly in this mode. • When under stress, students will downshift to this mode for survival.
Mid Brain/Limbic System • Layer 2: represents the limbic system, feels deeply and monitors emotions.
Limbic System- Mid Brain • Governs the primary centers of emotions • It is essentially the seat of long term memory. Emotional events are easy to recall.
Mid Brain-Limbic System • Memory of cognitive material can be heightened when structured within an emotional context or in such a way as to elicit an emotional response.
Mid Brain • Seat of long term memory!!!
Neo Cortex • Layer 3: neo cortex, creative and engages into complex analysis.
Neo Cortex- The Thinking Brain • Constitutes 80% of the total brain matter in the human brain.
The Neo Cortex • It controls high level thought processes such as logic, creative thought, language processing and the integration of sensory information. • Most instruction is directed towards the neo cortex.
Accelerated Learning • Learners are provided activities that access the limbic system. • Teachers provide a stress free learning environment and understand that students can not learn in the reptilian mode.
Multiple IntelligencesDr. Howard Gardner • It is not how smart you are but How are you smart!!!!! Can you name the 8 different ways of knowing? S K I L L M I N
Spatial -- Visual PICTURE SMART
Bodily-Kinesthetic BODY SMART
Logical-Mathematical LOGIC SMART
Linguistic-Verbal WORD SMART
Musical MUSIC SMART
Naturalist NATURE SMART
ACCELERATED LEARNING Provides Multiple Opportunities for students to be taught in the best way they understand
Enriched Brain TheoryMarion Diamond, Berkley CA,Researcher • Use it or lose it! • A stimulating environment increases brain cell connections • It is not just what we are born with, but what kind of nurturing environment is provided for us.
Jane Healy’s Endangered Minds • The extreme amount of visual stimulation has changed the physiology of the brain of today’s students.
Endangered Minds The over visual stimulation of today's students cause them to have difficulty creating mental pictures.
Endangered Minds Being inundated with loud music, videos, etc, keeps many in a fight or flight mode much of the town.
AcceleratedLearning • To keep the excitement of learning and creativity alive is the ultimate challenge of an educator. • Accelerated Learning provides a venue for that to happen.
Processing Memory-BETA • BETA brain waves • Of the conscious mind; You are awake, attentive and alert. Your mind is thinking and analyzing situations. You are talking and actively involved.
Processing Memory-ALPHA • ALPHA • The brain waves pattern that characterizes relaxation and mediation. You are in a state of relaxed alertness. In this mode you can daydream and let your imagination soar.
Processing Memory-THETA • THETA • Twilight, the early stages of sleep. It’s the “Twilight zone” when the mind is processing the day’s information and when you may have flashes of inspiration.
Processing Memory-DELTA • Delta • The brain wave pattern displayed when you’re in a deep dreamless sleep.