What are the Middle Ages?. Begins with the Fall of Rome Life was less safe for people People worked hard for protection. Middle Ages Across the Globe. 500 CE – 1350 CE. Scope of Unit 3. Religious Impact on Societies Rise of Christianity Rise and Spread of Islam
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Dave the Barbarian
1. Which were the largest Germanic kingdoms?
2. What geographic features helped the Ostrogoths to hold Italy?
The Church wants Europe to be kept Christian.
Here’s the catch…
came from the South and raided Italy, Spain and North Africa
came from the
came from the North, a region called Scandinavia
Disagree or agree with this statement as a group and support your point.
The Franks – a powerful group that
depended on knights
Knights – heavily armed warriors who
fought on horseback
In return for their loyalties, rulers awarded knights with land and privileges.
The most important leader of the Franks was Charlemagne, which means Charles “The Great”
Charlemagne is crowned
Holy Roman Emperor in 800 CE
To serve the liege lord in valourand faith
To protect the weak and defenceless
To give succour to widows and orphans
To refrain from the wanton giving of offence
To live by honour and for glory
To despise pecuniary reward
To fight for the welfare of all
To obey those placed in authority
To guard the honour of fellow knights
To eschew unfairness, meanness and deceit
To keep faith
At all times to speak the truth
To persevere to the end in any enterprise begun
To respect the honour of women
Never to refuse a challenge from an equal
Never to turn the back upon a foe
King Richard The Lionhearted
King Phillip II
Lots of problems!
Drowned in a river…
Had a truce with Saladin…
Won a little land…then went home…
Fourth time’s the Charm!
European Christians began the Crusades to repel the Muslims and re-take the Holy Land. Between 1096 and 1291, a number of Crusades were fought in the Middle East. Crusaders won control of Jerusalem and set up Christian kingdoms in the region. In 1187, Muslims won back Jerusalem. By 1291, Muslims had recaptured all the Crusader cities.
What was the most difficult/easy aspect of your project?
What is your project’s greatest strength? Weakness?
What did you learn from this project?
The West must march to the defense of the East. All should go, rich and poor alike.
The Franks must stop their internal wars and squabbles.
Let them go instead against the infidel and fight a righteous war.
Pope Urban II
God himself will lead them, for they are doing His work.
There will be absolution and remission of sins for all who die in the service of Christ.
Here they are poor and miserable sinners, there they will be rich and happy. Let none hesitate,they must march next summer. God wills it!
Pope Urban II
Merchants, Nobles, and Priests