The Ancient Roman Republic and Empire, the time period of Julius Caesar: an Overview at Breakneck Speed By Mrs. Jacobson
~ What was Ancient Rome? An ancient civilization that was one of the and most powerful and influential civilizations ever!
Time Period • ~ Years of Ancient Rome: 510 BCE- 476 CE- That’s 1000 years!!!!!!!!
Government • Started as a monarchy, then became a republic, then became an empire that stretched out through Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.
~ Important Cultural Events: • Ancient Rome contributed greatly to the development of law, war, art, literature, architecture, technology and language in the Western world, and its history continues to have a major influence on the world today.
1. Ancient Rome was essentially a democracy before Caesar, but Caesar instituted a dictatorship, thus many found him dangerous.
2. During the mid-1st century BCE, three men, Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus, formed a secret pact—the First Triumvirate—to control the Republic. After Caesar's conquest of Gaul (France), a stand-off between Caesar and the Senate led to civil war, with Pompey leading the Senate's forces. Caesar emerged victorious, and was made dictator for life. This is where the film starts. The Roman people had loved Pompey, but now they have switched their allegiance to Caesar.
3. In Caesar’s Time: The rulers had to work with the senate, which was initially an advisory council of the ranking nobility, or patricians (rich people), but grew in size and power over time. The government posts were originally restricted to patricians, but were later opened to common people, or plebeians. Tribunes, like Flavius and Murellus in the very beginning of the play, were elected by plebeians to help people if the patricians were being unfair.
Questions? • Enjoy the movie, pay attention and get excited about our movie!!!