100 B.C. – 44 B.C. Julius Caesar Please take out your Caesar packet. Hand in your noun packet on the cart. Latin 3 Honors. Go over test/quizzes Practice noun endings Julius Caesar packet. Greco-Roman perspective on history. Concept of Afterlife.
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Go over test/quizzes
Practice noun endings
Julius Caesar packet
1) Great and famous war hero—die young
2) Live a long and happy life with family but NO FAME
-Serving as quaestor (provincial administrator) in Hispania in 69 BC
-Sees a statue of Alexander the Great
-Realizes that by the time he was
30, Alexander had the world at his feet
Alexander conquered all major civilizations of the near East (356–323 BC)
Verb of caput, potest, oportet, necesse est
Oportet litteram “H” _________________ [delete] in HOCULUS.
Marcus _________________________ [letters] ad patrem absentem non scribit quia improbus est.
Charta e papyro ________________________ [is made out of/from].
Magister _________________ [with a pen] in _____________________ [paper] scribit.
Cera est materia _______________________ [soft].
LItterae Titi et Marci aeque __________________________ [=foedae] sunt.
_____________________ [iron] est materia _________________ [hard].
________________________ sunt bestiolae quae ceram efficiunt.
_________________________ [such] litterae sunt difficile legere.
Marcus multa __________________________ [mistakes] facit quia stultus atque impiger est.
Pastor bonus pastores boni
Pastorem bonum pastores bonos
Pastoris boni pastorum bonorum
Pastori bono pastoribus bonis
Pastore bono pastoribus bonis
Materia mollis materiae molles
Materiam mollem materias mollas
Materiae mollis materiarum mollium
Materiae molli materiis mollibus
Materia molli materiis mollibus
Talis littera tales litterae
Talem litteram tales litteras
Talis litterae talium litterarum
Tali litterae talibus litteris
Tali littera talibus litteris
1st declension: a, charta, epistula, insula, materia, cera
2nd declension masculine: us/r, magister, magistrum, magistri, discipulus, calamus
2nd declension neuter: um, mendum, oppidum
3rd declension masc, fem, or neuter
Nominative: ovis, mollis (adj.)
Nominative: mare, rex, mater, pes maris, regis, matris, pedis,
Materia dura materiae durae
Are the same!
HW: Finish questions about Caesar and the third triumvirate. Quiz Friday: Julius Caesar and the Third Triumvirate
You need a notebook out, because we are going to take notes for about 10-15 min.
The first triumvirate including Crassus, Pompey the Great, and Caesar is formed
Caesar becomes consul with the support of Crassus and Pompey
Julia, wife of Pomey and daughter of Caesar dies, and the bond between the two men weakens.
Crassus is killed in the East by the Parthians; third triumvirate weakened
Caesar dominates Gaul and makes a lot of money; the Senate and Pompey grow to fear his power
Caesar begins his return March to Rome and refuses to disband his army as Pompey wishes.
Caesar crosses the Rubicon river in Northern Italy and states “alea iacta est:” “the die is cast.” He has rolled the die of fate. (We often say dice erroneously because “dice” is plural).
Pompey moves his troops to Greece so he can fight Caesar on more open terrain
Caesar travels, without field rations for his troops, to Greece and defeats Pompey at the battle of Pharsalia.
Pompey is assassinated and Caesar is given his severed head.
A conspiracy of sixty senators, including Cassius and Brutus, was formed because Caesar’s immense power and prestige were feared by Roman nobles.
Caesar is assassinated by the conspirators, including some of his closest friends on the Ides of March. His last words are supposedly, “Et tu, Brute?”
YEAR: 44 B.C.
Caesar’s will is read and Octavian, later Augustus Caesar, is listed the heir to his power
Pompey/Pompey the Great
“Alea iacta est;” “The die is cast”
Latin Club today
Need a tutor for a Latin 2 student
Matt Koch needs to pay me for Fall Forum.
Please finish your group translation of the paragraph about Janus.
All Gaul is divided into three parts.
2) Nihilestincertiusvulgo, nihilobscuriusvoluntatehominum, nihilfallaciusrationetotacomitiorum.
Nothing is more uncertain than the mob, nothing is secretive than the will of men, nothing is more deceitful than all the reckoning of the assemblies.
(Review: -ius is the ending for the comparative adverb as well as the neuter singular comparative adjective)
Alea iacta est
Veni vidi vici.
Et tu Brute?
What they literally mean/why he said them
Caesar defeated Mithradates’ son in Pontus
Originally applied to a victorious commander; command/power; leave “imperium” untranslated; the emperor and some higher ranking officials had imperium
Defends Roscius on charge of patricide; Roscius is acquitted ; Roscius was accused by a powerful associate of Sulla
Verres was a corrupt governor in Sicily; Cicero prosecuted him for corruption; defense attorney for Verres gave up
Catiline was the mastermind behind a conspiracy to overthrow the state; Cicero sucessfuly prosecuted him
Cicero sides with Brutus and Cassius against Caesar; staunchest and most vociferous defender of the Roman republic;
Eventually he is killed by Antony and Augustus
2,ooo,ooo million people in Gaul
“As Caesar loved me, I weep for him; as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I honour him; but, as he was ambitious, I slew him.”
Brutus, in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar