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World War II Conferences. Mr. Phipps American History. London Economic Conference June 12, 1933 66 Nations. Goal: to organize a coordinated attack on the global depression Essential to revive world trade Roosevelt withdrew from conference Withdrawal caused the whole conference to collapse

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world war ii conferences

World War II Conferences

Mr. Phipps

American History

london economic conference june 12 1933 66 nations
London Economic ConferenceJune 12, 193366 Nations
  • Goal: to organize a coordinated attack on the global depression
  • Essential to revive world trade
  • Roosevelt withdrew from conference
  • Withdrawal caused the whole conference to collapse
  • Emphasized isolationism and American “protectionism”
munich conference september 29 1938 germany france britain italy
Munich ConferenceSeptember 29, 1938Germany, France, Britain, Italy
  • Hoped to maintain peace by appeasing Germany/Hitler
  • Betrayed Czechoslovakia to Hitler--allowed Hitler to take Czech in exchange for leaving the Sudetenland
  • Hitler promised that the Sudetenland was “the last territorial claim I have to make in Europe”
  • Hitler broke his promise in March of 1939 and took the rest of Czechoslovakia
molotov ribbentrop treaty august 23 1939 germany russia
Molotov-Ribbentrop TreatyAugust 23,1939Germany, Russia
  • Formalized alliance between U.S.S.R. and Germany
  • Considered the “Soviet-German Nonaggression Pact”
  • Defined secret protocols and spheres of influence in Eastern Europe
  • Agreed to jointly take over Poland
  • Would later be violated by Hitler
havana conference july 21 1940 20 western hemisphere countries u s
Purpose: To uphold the Monroe Doctrine in the face of global aggression

Share information for mutual defense

If aggressive action was taken by any non-American nation is made, all American nations would confer to decide on measures to take

Havana ConferenceJuly 21, 194020 Western Hemisphere Countries, U.S.
atlantic charter august 14 1941 britain u s later included russia
Atlantic CharterAugust 14, 1941Britain, U.S. (later included Russia)
  • Formalized the alliance between Great Britain and America
  • Established war-time strategy--”Europe first”
  • Developed post-war plans
    • No territorial changes
    • Self-Determination
    • Establishment of the United Nations
  • Facilitate free trade
  • Demilitarize
casablanca january 14 1943 u s and britain
CasablancaJanuary 14, 1943U.S. and Britain
  • Establish military strategy
    • Step up war in Pacific
    • Invade Sicily
    • Increase pressure on Italy
  • Agreed that belligerents would be forced to surrender unconditionally
  • Brought the two exiled French resistance leaders, Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle, together
cairo conference november 1943 u s britain china
Cairo ConferenceNovember 1943U.S., Britain, China
  • Determine postwar settlement of Asia
  • Restore all Chinese land from Japan
  • Secure Korean sovereignty
  • Permit return of Taiwan and Manchuria to China
  • Stalin refused invitation because a meeting with Chiang Kai-Shek may have provoked a war between Japan and Russia
tehran november 28 1943 u s britain russia
TehranNovember 28, 1943U.S., Britain, Russia
  • First time the Big Three met together
  • Discussed military strategy
    • Open Second Front--D Day invasion
    • Simultaneous Third Front--Russian counter-attack (pincer movement)
    • Russian commitment to attack Japan after German defeat
    • Inconclusive regarding postwar Germany
bretton woods economic conference july 1 1944 44 nations
Bretton Woods Economic ConferenceJuly 1, 194444 Nations
  • International monetary fund
  • Fixed exchange rate based on gold
  • International bank for reconstruction and development
yalta february 4 1945 u s britain russia
YaltaFebruary 4, 1945U.S., Britain, Russia
  • Soviet Concessions
    • Allow free elections in Poland
    • Commitment to support war in Asia within 3 months of German surrender
  • Soviet Compensation
    • Russia allowed to determine Polish boundaries
    • Receive territory in Manchuria, Sakhalin Islands, Chinese ports
  • Proposed formation of United Nations
  • Established war crimes trials
  • Proposed division of Germany into four cooperative zones
potsdam july 17 1945 u s russia britain
PotsdamJuly 17, 1945U.S., Russia, Britain
  • First conference to include Truman
  • Decided that Japan must surrender unconditionally or risk total destruction
    • Truman alludes to the atomic bomb
  • Established cooperative council to administer Germany
  • Promoted safe transfer and return of war refugees
  • Soviet declaration that there will be no free elections
    • The West considers this an act of betrayal
    • Beginning of the Cold War
nato april 4 1949 12 countries
NATOApril 4, 194912 Countries
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    • Considered the “Sword and Shield” of the United Nations
    • Intended as the military means by which to safeguard freedom, democracy, the rule of law, and individual human rights--under the control of the American military
  • United pro-Western countries to provide regional stability against the spread of Communism
The Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual AssistanceWarsaw PactMay 12, 19558 communist nations
  • Established as a counterbalance for NATO
  • Unified Eastern European countries under Soviet leadership
  • Ensured integration of military, economic, and cultural policies
  • Furthered the Communist ideals