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World War I. World War was devastating for ALL countries involved Millions died Millions were hurt Countries were in ruin The aftermath wasn ’ t very good. Focus of the powerpoint. This presentation will focus on 4 cultural/scientific phenomena that occurred post WWI

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World War I

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    1. World War I • World War was devastating for ALL countries involved • Millions died • Millions were hurt • Countries were in ruin • The aftermath wasn’t very good

    2. Focus of the powerpoint • This presentation will focus on 4 cultural/scientific phenomena that occurred post WWI • New roles/fashion of women • Sigmund Freud’s psychological theories • Writers post WWI • The art of Salvador Dali

    3. Conflict of culture post WWI

    4. Postwar uncertainty • For many people in Europe and America, WWI fostered a sense of uncertainty • It seemed as if civilization was falling apart • Old ideas (pre – WWI) started to be challenged – new ideas and ways of acting emerged after the war

    5. Flappers

    6. Women pre-WWI (Victorian Era) • This era was named after Queen Victoria of England (1837 – 1901) • During this era, women were supposed to act very proper, dress conservatively, and be good ladies

    7. Women post-WWI (Jazz Age) – 1920s

    8. Gibson Girl • Describe the “Gibson Girl.” (give 3 characteristics of the Gibson Girl) • The wore their hair long, wore long skirts, didn’t date, didn’t drink, didn’t smoke, and so on • In what ways did WWI affect women? • Prior to the war, American life seemed very innocent – this perception was killed by the war • Women didn’t want to go back to how life was prior to the war • Women were just as anxious as the men to avoid returning to society's rules and roles after the war.

    9. Difference in hairstyles… • How did the hair of the Gibson Girl differ from the hair of flappers? • The Gibson Girl, who prided herself on her long, beautiful, lush hair, was shocked when the flapper cut her's off. The short haircut was called the "bob" which was later replaced by an even shorter haircut, the "shingle" or "Eton" cut Gibson girl hairstyle Flapper hairstyle

    10. Flappers • Describe the Flapper attitude. • The flapper attitude consisted of fast living and sexual behavior. Flappers seemed to cling to youth as if it were to leave them at any moment. • They took risks and were reckless. • They wanted to announce their departure from the Gibson Girl's morals. So they smoked. Something only men had done previously. Their parents were shocked. Flappers drank alcohol as well.

    11. New Dances • What were 3 dances that were popular with flappers? • Dances such as the Charleston, Black Bottom, and the Shimmy were considered “wild” by older generations • Charleston: • Black bottom:

    12. Henry Ford’s effect • How did Henry Ford’s invention affect Flappers? • Unfortunately for their parents, flappers didn't just use cars to ride in. The back seat became a popular location for the new popular sexual activity, petting (making out) Henry Ford: inventor of the Model T – one of the first cars

    13. Video on Flappers • • 4:43 – 7:03

    14. Sigmund Freud • 1856 – 1939 • Austrian psychiatrist • Created many theories on the unconscious mind • Creator of psychoanalysis

    15. Sigmund Freud • What did most “scientific” psychologists believe about human behavior? • They assumed that the mind was rational, organized, and logical

    16. Id, Ego, and Superego

    17. Id, Ego, and Superego • Describe the id, ego, and Superego • Id: Pleasure-seeking sensations – our natural urges (devil) • Superego: our moral values, what we learn to do, the correct behavior – this is what a person SHOULD do • Ego: Mediator – umpire, mediates the id and superego

    18. Sigmund Freud • According to Freud, human behavior is a product of what • Compromise between our instincts (id) and rational thinking/moral values (superego)

    19. Lost Generation • Who were the Lost Generation? • A group of American writers rebelling against what America became by the 1900s • Disillusioned with American society

    20. Lost Generation • This picture is a café in Paris – this is where many Lost Generation writers would hang out and get inspiration • Why did the Lost Generation decide to live in Paris and London? • They felt America was devoid of cosmopolitan life (not cultured) – this is a life which includes and values a variety of backgrounds and culture • They felt America was too Anglo-Saxon (too white)

    21. Lost Generation • What were some of the themes present in the writing of the Lost Generation? • Their works reflected a powerful disgust with war (obviously WWI)

    22. Lost Generation writers T.S. Eliot – “The Waste Land” Ernest Hemingway – The Sun Also Rises

    23. Salvador Dali (1904 – 1989) • What happened to Salvador Dali in 1929 • He joined the surrealists

    24. Salvador Dali • What was employed in Dali’s paintings? • His paintings employed meticulous (careful) academic technique that was contradicted by the unreal ‘dream’ space he depicted and by strangely hallucinatory characters

    25. Salvador Dali • How did Dali describe his pictures? • Hand-painted dream photographs • Describe Surrealism • Art form that explores dreamy art – which explores the subconscious mind – irrational elements of the human mind

    26. Art Works of Salvador Dali "The first man to compare the cheeks of a young woman to a rose was obviously a poet, the first to repeat it was possibly an idiot." "The reason that some portraits don't look true to life is that some people make no effort to resemble their pictures." "At the age of six I wanted to be a cook. At seven I wanted to be Napoleon. And my ambition has been growing steadily ever since." "There are some days when I think I'm going to die from an overdose of satisfaction." -Salvador Dali-

    27. Lincoln in Dalivision

    28. Slave Market with the Disappearing Bust of Voltaire (1940)

    29. The Three Ages 6.

    30. Railway

    31. Invisible Afghan with the Apparition on the Beach of the Face of Garcia Lorca in the Form of a . . . - Salvador Dali

    32. The Hallucinogenic Toreador

    33. Shadow of the rose resembling a Lion

    34. Unhappy Gala Knowledge of numerology

    35. Dali

    36. Perspective

    37. Discovery of America

    38. DNA