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Refugees

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  1. Refugees

  2. Refugee UN official Definition: is a person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted on account of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of their nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail him/herself of the protection of that country

  3. Refugee In Canada – Convention refugees are people who are outside their home country or the country where they normally live, and who are unwilling to return because of a well-founded fear of persecution based on: race religion political opinion nationality or membership in a particular social group, such as women or people of a particular sexual orientation.

  4. Asylum seekers are people who have left their home country and have applied for refugee status in some other country 15 million refugees world wide AS

  5. A displaced person (sometimes abbreviated DP) is a person who has been forced to leave his or her native place, a phenomenon known as forced migration. Hmong

  6. IDP’S – (internally displaced persons) are people who flee their homes but remain within their home country, unlike refugees, they do not cross any international boundaries As of 2011~ 26.4 million IDPs in 54 countries due to conflict – 14.9 million due to envronmental hazard Africa region with largest # of IDPs 14 million in 21 countries 70-80% of IDPs are women and children

  7. Top 5 countries with largest IDPs population - Colombia, DRC, Iraq, Sudan and Turkey

  8. Top 5 countries with largest IDPs population Colombia 3.6 to 5.2 million - conflict army and revolutionary armed forces of colombiaFARC Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) 1.9 mill. - fighting militia and congolese armed forces DRC Iraq - 2.8 mill (war) Conflict Sudan – 4.5 to 5.2 mill Sudan Turkey - 1.2 mill PKK Syria - Conflict

  9. ~ 80% of refugees are women and children. often carry heaviest burden of survival for themselves & families Women & adolescent girls are especially vulnerable to exploitation, rape, abuse and other forms of gender-based violence

  10. More than 43 million children living in conflict-affected areas don’t have a chance to go to school. Children & youth ~ 50 % of all refugees worldwide deliberate targets of abuse, easy prey to military recruitment & abduction Child Soldierswomen

  11. Girls in particular face significant obstacles accessing education.

  12. Without education refugee women & youth often struggle to support themselves & families Refugees displaced for longer periods than ever before (68% of all refugees are now displaced for an average of 17 years) --> ability (particularly women & youth) to earn a living & sustain themselves & families is becoming more difficult

  13. people who have been uprooted from their homes may come to developed countries in search of safe haven (U.S. attracts many) detained by the U.S. government until asylum cases are decided—can be days, weeks, months or even years. ICEBerksTour ASYLUM - Protection and immunity from extradition granted by a government to a political refugee from another country Hmong Manilla

  14. Many are women & children who seek asylum in the U.S. after fleeing gender- and age-related persecution. Sometimes children are alone, having fled abusive families or other human rights abuses Detained women asylum seekers are also particularly vulnerable to abuse in detention

  15. Australia ASwomen Canada Women & children asylum seekers who reach the U.S. are often imprisoned and at times subjected to inhumane conditions, abuse and poor medical care, and denied legal representation and other services

  16. NGO --> Women’s Commission For Refugee Women and Children (WRC) The WRC advocates vigorously for laws, policies and programs to improve the lives and protect the rights of refugee and internally displaced women, `children & young people, including those seeking asylum WCR

  17. speaks out on issues of concern to refugee and displaced women, children and adolescents --> raises awareness provides opportunities for refugee women and youth to speak for themselves through briefings, testimony, participation in field assessments and international conferences

  18. speaks out on issues of concern to refugee and displaced women, children and adolescents --> raises awareness provides opportunities for refugee women and youth to speak for themselves through briefings, testimony, participation in field assessments and international conferences

  19. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR; established December 14, 1950) to protect & support refugees At the request of a government or the UN itself

  20. assists in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland. Repatriation - is the process of return of refugees or soldiers to their homes

  21. its mandate - to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide primary purpose - to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country UNHCR

  22. Who they Help Asylum seekers Children IDPs Men Older people People with disabilities Refugees Returnees Stateless People Women UNHCR

  23. As of 1 January 2007, UNHCR reported a total of 21 018 589 individuals falling under its mandate • 7,979,251 Asia • 2,580,638 Middle East • 2,974,315 South East Asia • 218,584 Central Asia • 1,304,189 South Asia • 901,525 East Asia Pacific

  24. 4,740,392 in Europe • 1,617,214 Eastern Europe • 708,132 South-East Europe • 616,132 Central Europe & Baltic States • 1,304,189 South Asia • 1,798,914 Western Europe

  25. 5,069,123 in Africa • 1,359,175 Central Africa • 2,105314 Eastern Africa • 1.031,030 Western Africa • 434,427 South Africa • 139, 177 North Africa • 3,229,822 in America • 717,545 North America $ Caribbean • 2,512,277 South America

  26. June 20th, 2011 - World Refugee Day Theme is Home - “They have taken my home but they can't take my future” (2010) 1 is too many (2011) Regugees have no choice. You do. No one chooses Angelina Jolie Tribute