Imperialism: country takes over another- politically and militarily- in order to: 1. acquire natural resources AND 2. have guaranteed markets to sell manufactured goods to…
Colonized Continents targeted: Africa Asia Latin America Imperialist Countries: United States European countries Where did Imperialism Happen?
Goals of Imperialism • Get raw materials: ivory, copper • Start a market for goods • Stamp out slave trade • Bring Christianity to the continent
Economic Industrial Revolution created a need for raw materials (regions affected by Imperialism had a lot) New markets available in these regions to sell goods that were being produced Reasons for Imperialism
Reasons for Imperialism • Nationalism – pride in country • Setting up colonies showed power and brought wealth
Reasons for Imperialism • Humanitarianism – helping others • thought native people should be more like Europeans • provided medicine and education • Often did more harm than good… But how??? They were just trying to help!!
Social Darwinism • Belief that Western civilization (Europeans and the US) was far superior (better) to all other civilizations • “The White Man’s Burden” – converting and educating native people was white people’s responsibility White man carrying an African native to a school house. Listen and read along with “The White Man’s Burden by Rudyard Kiplinghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cS__4F8QSNU&safe=active
Setting the Stage • Europeans viewed Africa and Asia as sources of raw materials • New territories were thought to be potential markets for European goods
Africa Before Imperialism • Composed of hundreds of ethnic and linguistic groups • As late as 1880, Europeans controlled only 10% of the continent’s land • African armies, malaria, and rivers that were difficult to navigate impeded Europeans
Forces Enabling Imperialism • Maxim Gun (1889) • Steamboats, Railroads • Quinine (med. used to treat/prevent malaria) • Tribal Strife
Nations Compete for Overseas Empires • 1. The Congo Sparks Interest • Story of Henry Stanley finding Dr. Livingstone intrigues Europe (1871) • King Leopold II takes control of Congo River Valley • European powers begin to take control of African territory
What Makes Imperialism Possible • Industrial Technology: • Steam ships • Rapid firing rifles • Railroads • Telegraph cables • steel
European Imperialism Economic To make money, control trade, raw materials, and cheap labor Exploratory Explore unknown areas, more scientific research, go on an adventure Definition of “new” imperialism: Direct conquest of territories, creation of formal empires Definition of “old” imperialism: God, Glory Gold Motivations For “New” Imperialism Ideological Based on cultural values, white race was superior, other cultures were primitive, Social Darwinism Political Gain power, compete with territory, good military force, prestige Religious Spread European values, spread Christianity, protect European missionaries