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The Celts: 500 BC

The Celts: 500 BC

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The Celts: 500 BC

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  1. The Celts: 500 BC

  2. Artifacts

  3. Ri Derbhfine Nobles Warriors Aos Dana Farmers/ Slaves Society Tanaiste Tuath/Kingdom

  4. Warriors • Fight for the clan • Go into battle without armour (which they consider cowardly) • They also lead the cattle raids

  5. Aos Dana: Skilled People • Craftsmen / smiths / stone masons and carpenters • Bards / recite poems and sing songs • Fili / Poets • Druids / Priests • Brehons / Judges

  6. Whose job was it to recite poems about Celtic Legends?

  7. Carpenters Houses Fences Boats Wooden Ploughs Chariots Wooden plates and bowls Smiths Axes Sickles Spades Hammers Swords Spears Arrow heads Jewellery Craftsmen

  8. Commoners / Peasants • Farming • Farmers rented land from nobles • Barley, wheat, but most importantly cattle • They ate porridge, bread, pork and drank milk and ale

  9. Arts & Crafts Smiths

  10. Spirals, curved lines and florals. Gold, Silver and Bronze and polished stones

  11. What is this famous Celtic artifact called?

  12. Primary Sources • The Greeks wrote that the Celts “love decoration. They wear ornaments, torcs around their necks and bracelets on their arms and wrists”. • Natalie found out that the Celts also used beads. Both men and women wore jewelry • Silver and gold jewelry was very desired and if you wore it, it showed you were very important

  13. Stone Masons Ogham Stones

  14. Ogham Alphabet

  15. Carpenters • Houses • Fences • Boats • Wooden Ploughs • Chariots • Wooden plates and bowls

  16. Buildings • Dun • Promontory forts • Ring forts or raths • Houses

  17. Promontory fort

  18. Ring Fort / Rath

  19. Julius Caesar says • “Of the two important classes .... one consists of Druids, the other of knights[warriors]. The Druids are concerned with divine worship, the performance of sacrifices, public and private, and the Interpretation of ritual questions: a great number of young men gather about them for the sake of instruction and hold them in great honour.”

  20. Religion • Many deities • Dagda is the main god • Lug is the god of War • Brigid and Morrigan are goddesses • Deities live in wells, rivers and woods • The druid is the priest: sacrifices to the gods

  21. Celtic Festivals • Samhain – November 1 when dead spirits visit the world of the living • Bealtaine – May 1 the festival to mark the beginning of summer • Imbolc – February 1 the festival of the goddess Brigid Do you know these words in Irish? What do they mean?