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History of England Timeline. Celts from 8000 BC To Normans 1066 AD. Celts. C.8000 BC - The Celtic people begin migrating to the British Isles from southern Europe – this group included a tribe called Britons who settled on the largest island which gave the island its name – Britain

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History of England Timeline

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history of england timeline

History of England Timeline

Celts from 8000 BC

To Normans 1066 AD

  • C.8000 BC - The Celtic people begin migrating to the British Isles from southern Europe – this group included a tribe called Britons who settled on the largest island which gave the island its name – Britain
  • Gauls- settled the island today called Ireland
druidic priests

Druidic priests

Presided over religious rituals including human sacrifices and prayers. They also had as their duty to memorize and recite long, heroic poems that preserved the people’s myths about their past.

  • Stonehenge is one of the world's most interesting, yet mysterious structures. No one can say with 100% certainty exactly why Stonehenge was built or what purpose it served, but it is widely believed that the megalithic monument was used as a rudimentary calendar and/or religious site.What we do know is that Stonehenge is an engineering and construction marvel given the fact that it was built (in three phases) approximately 3,000 years prior to the birth of Christ! It remains a mystery how people of that era managed to move stones weighing 25 tons each a distance of 20 miles and then assemble them to form such a structure. To give you a little perspective on the difficulty of the task, the tallest upright stone is some 30 feet high, with 22 feet of it above ground level!
beginning of written history
Beginning of Written History
  • 55 BC – the first written account of an event occurring in the British Isles is Julius Caesar’s written record of the Roman invasion of Britain.
era of roman rule 43 to 409 ad nearly 400 years
Era of Roman Rule43 to 409 ADnearly 400 years!

43 AD – Britain was made a Roman province – the Romans built an extensive road system. They built Hadrian’s wall in the north to keep out warring tribes who had been pushed north by the Roman invasion. Running for seventy-three miles, the Wall makes use of ridges and crags, particularly Whin Sill, and enables a good view to the north. Built by Roman troops, the Wall is estimated to have been between thirteen and fifteen feet high. It remains a potent symbol of Roman

roman rule
Roman Rule

.Latin became the official language and Christianity was introduced to the British Isles during the nearly 400 years of Roman occupation.

important events
Important events
  • 432 – St. Patrick begins his missionary work in Ireland
anglo saxon era
Anglo Saxon Era
  • 449 -1066 AD– Germanic tribes plundered and then settled more and more territory, pushing the Celts and Picts back into Ireland, Wales, and Scotland. The warring tribes of the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes eventually blended; their language is now called Old English
important events10
Important events
  • 476 – Fall of western Roman Empire
  • C 537 – Death of the legendary hero, King Arthur, the Celtic warlord who successfully fought the invading Anglo Saxons for perhaps 30 years.
  • 597 St. Augustine founds Christian monastery at Canterbury, Kent. Christian leaders establish education and written literature
  • C. 750 Surviving version of the epic poem is written down
  • It is an epic poem composed and performed orally by an anonymous poet and then passed down orally for centuries till it was eventually written down
king alfred and the danes
King Alfred and the Danes
  • King Alfred of Wessex reigned from 871-899. He became known as Alfred the Great – the only British monarch to be given this title.
  • He led the Anglo Saxons against the invading Danes and because of this united effort, the British for the first time had a sense of a united nation.
  • The spread of Christianity also helped unify the various groups.
norman invasion
Norman Invasion
  • 1066- the death of the Anglo Saxon king without a clear heir prompted three different men to claim the throne
  • William of Normandy (bastard son of French king) invaded in 1066 and defeated Harold the Anglo Saxon lord
  • Kings and Queens of England from 10666 to the present trace their ancestry to William the Conqueror
the epic of beowulf
The Epic of Beowulf
  • A bard or story teller would entertain the men and women gathered in the mead hall.
  • The epic celebrates the values of the Anglo Saxon people: loyalty to king, courage in battle, honor, duty.
  • It tells the story of a super hero - Beowulf- who embodies all of these values