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Canadian Light Source. Elder Matias. Where is Saskatoon?. University of Saskatchewan Est. 1907; 20,000 students Collages: Arts & Sciences; Agriculture; Engineering; Dentistry; Medicine; Law; Pharmacy; Veterinary medicine ...... Other research institutes similar to the CLS:

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University of Saskatchewan

    • Est. 1907; 20,000 students
    • Collages: Arts & Sciences; Agriculture; Engineering; Dentistry; Medicine; Law; Pharmacy; Veterinary medicine ......
  • Other research institutes similar to the CLS:
    • VIDO (Level 3 Bio-research facility)
    • Plasma Physics Laboratory STOR-M tokemak
    • Saskatchewan Research Council
    • Canadian Centre for Nuclear Innovation (CCNI)
canadian light source inc
Canadian Light Source, Inc.
  • The CLS facility is owned by the University of Saskatchewan
  • Operated by Canadian Light Source Inc. (CLSI)
  • CLSI is a not-for-profit corporation owned by the university
  • Key attributes:
    • Independent Board of Directors (appointed by the University)
    • Independent Procedures and Processes from the University
    • Licensed by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC)
    • Different safety and labour regulations standards
accelerators on campus
Accelerators on Campus
  • Decommissioned Accelerators
    • 25 MeVBetatron (1947 – 1961)
    • EROS – Pulse Stretcher Ring (1984-1996)
  • CLS Facility
    • Linac 130 -> 150 -> 300 MeV (1964 to present)
    • BR1 - Booster Ring (2.9 GeV - 2003)
    • SR1 – Storage Ring
    • MIPS Isotope 30 MeV Electron Linac (2012)
  • Other Facilities on Campus
    • Cyclotron 24 MeV Proton Machine (2014)
    • STOR-M AC Tokamak
    • SLOWPOKE-II – 20 keW Reactor
canadian light source1
Canadian Light Source


2006 – First Publication

2005 – First User

2004 – First Beamline

2003 – First Light

2002 – BR1

1999 – Funding

ts division
TS Division

Technical Services



Control and Instrumentation Development

Engineering &



Information &





  • Control Systems
  • Data Acquisition
  • Electronics Lab
  • Instrumentation
  • - Diagnostics
  • Mechanical Design
  • Electrical Design
  • HVAC
  • Machine Shop
  • Network
  • Phones
  • Office Software
  • Servers
  • Business Systems
  • Electrical Techs
  • Mechanical Techs
cid mission and mandate
CID Mission and Mandate

Develop, deploy and support the instrumentation, control and data acquisition technology needed to help position CLS and it’s beamline as a global leader and recognised centre of excellence.

staffing levels
Staffing Levels
  • Manager: 1
  • Instrument Scientist/Engineer: 2 + ½
  • Electronics Techs: 3
  • Control Lead 5
  • Bio-medical Imaging Specialist 1
  • System Analyst - Software Developer 5
  • System Admin 0 + (IT 1)
  • Web-systems 1 + (IT 1)
  • Control PLC and Drawings 1 +(AOD 2;ETS 3)
  • Fellow 1
  • Students 2

Total: 22 + 7

management approach
Management Approach
  • Matrix staffing approach
  • Project/Work Package breakdown
  • Graded Change Control
  • Control lead is primary interface between beamline staff and the rest of the department
  • If successful control leads feel embedded in both the department and beamline teams
human factors
Human Factors
  • Human factors basedon NREG-700
  • Equipment vrs Task
  • Increased layers ofabstraction
  • Priority has been tailoring GUI applications to specific tasks/beamlines, we now need to look at a common look and feel across the facility
we changed the question
We Changed the Question...
  • Drop corresponds to new beamlines coming on and shift in interface.
improving the beam
Improving the Beam
  • Storage ring dipolestability improved(30ppm -> 15 ppm)
  • Power supply upgrades oninjection chain - nearly complete
  • Upgraded orbit correction software in place and ready for commissioning
  • Absolute power meter 1 % Accuracy and 50 nW Resolution (comp. with PTB)
front end electronics
Front End Electronics
  • Contract in place for thefirst µTCA system
  • Continuous scanning nowon VESPERS and SGM
  • Evaluation underway on RTEMS and motion control platform migration
  • Evaluation of pre-amps (2011/12)
user oriented software
User Oriented Software
  • Continue to achieve highuser satisfaction rates
  • We are moving forward on HXMA improvements
  • Human factors review are ongoing
  • Many of the concepts embedded in aquaman are based on the last years user meeting
compute canada
Compute Canada
  • Silo disk storage available
  • Work in ongoing
  • In collaboration with SharNetthe FOXMAS analysissoftware have been developed and made available within ScienceStudio
aquaman the story
AquamanThe Story
  • Superhero Mission: Transforming beamline software away from "Controlling Machines" to "Supporting Experiments“
  • Spawned By: A creative design session of synchrotron users, beamline staff, and software developers in Summer 2010
  • Seeks to Protect: The whole experimental process:  From planning and organizing old data, to running experiments on beamlines, to visualization, analysis, and making connections
  • Sidekick: "Dataman", a take-home version that lets scientists compare, process, visualize, and export their data, using the same interface they see on the beamline
  • Super Powers: Adapts to new beamlines and techniques in the blink of an eye.   Can run on almost any platform (Linux, Mac, Windows).   
  • Secret Abilities: Agile development; fast and frequent user feedback; modular design; integrated documentation.
  • Arch-Nemeses:  8AM mornings. TestBoy (his test suite).  Being confused with Aquaman, the lamest comic book character ever.

Developed by:

    • Mark Boots, David Chevrier, Darren Hunter
strategic goals 2013 17
Strategic Goals 2013/17
  • Improved Beam Stability  (BPMs)
  • Improved Beam Stability  (Thermal Stability in the Storage Ring)
  • Storage Ring RF Transfer Line and Valve Box
  • Improved Machine Reliability
  • Common Data File Format
  • Calibration Service
  • Improve Control System Development Techniques
  • Replacement of Legacy Control Equipment
  • Increase the Performance of Data Acquisition Systems on CLS Beamlines
  • Improved Human Factors of Control and Data Acquisition Systems on Beamline
pid drawings
PID Drawings
  • Generally used in thepast.
  • Relates field equipment tocontrol system inputs
  • Quite effective.
  • Moving towards computerised requirements management


motion control at cls
Motion Control at CLS
  • VME
    • Prodex OMS 58 and MaxV (the majority)
  • Standalone
    • ProdexMaxNet
    • Schnider Electric - Mdrive
    • Newport XPS
  • Special System
    • Bosh Controllers (IEC 61508 certifiable)
hxma experience
HXMA Experience
  • We had a OMS 58 Card destroy a mono on one of our hard x-ray beamlines
  • Problem was caused by a failed $2 IC that caused the FPGA to continue to pulse the motor
  • We now do dual redundant limit switches where practice with the outer set interlocking driver power.
  • Two breakoutboards
  • Colour CodedCat 5 cabling
  • Drivers locatednear the motors to reducenoise
  • Complex but it works
ssi version
SSI Version
  • Traditional we have used absolute encoders only on the insertion devices
  • We are now using SSI encodors broadly
  • Using a special MaxV option.
  • MTS R-Series?
the challenges
The Challenges
  • Beamline controls are very homogenous
  • More variability on data acquisition:
    • Common elements:
      • EPICS at the device layer
      • Common sign-on and home directories (Centrify)
    • Shared elements:
      • Most use our standard scanning engine
      • LOC interface for user built endstation
    • Variable elements:
      • Actual experiment control
  • Improved post-experiment data access
what is science studio
What is Science Studio?
  • Partnership with CLS, University of Western Ontario, IBM Canada, IBM Research, and LNLS
  • Database for experiment information
  • Common object models & rest interface
  • Plug-in modules
  • Multi-laboratory capability
  • Includes:
    • People (production)
    • Facility Info (production)
    • Training (production)
    • Data (Florescence and Diffraction)
    • Proposal (prototyped)
    • Schedule (prototyped)
current high level data model
Current High-level Data Model




science studio
Science Studio
  • Applications are integrated through REST Interface
  • Applications can either be data acquisition oriented or data analysis oriented
  • They can also occur across multiple sites
  • Security implemented using CAS
some example applications
Some Example Applications


Training by CLS

SAXS Implemented by LNLS

Science Studio


Web VNC integration of

Electron microscope

UWO NanoFab


Foxmas by UWO/SharcNet

Peeakabook fitting software UWO

next step
Next Step....
  • Integrate sufficient user office functionality to obtain more metadata
  • Add additional upload capabilities from existing applications
  • Add additional viewing capability
  • Integrate eduroam/access federation
potential restructured model
Potential Restructured Model


SGM beamline


options for doi
Options for DOI....
  • Canada is a signatory to the OECD: “Declaration on Access to Research Data from Public Funding”
  • We should expect their to become a condition on the award of any federal research funding.
  • The European and DOE major facilities are moving toward the assignment of DOI numbers to data sets using a common system
  • DOE is following down the same path (lead by Oak Ridge)
  • Generally practice is for the facility to be the publisher of reference for data sets obtained by their users after the expiry of their embargo period.
  • DataCite Canada (operated by NRC is the register)
  • ScienceStudio requires minor modification to interface into the central register.
canadian access federation
Canadian Access Federation
  • CLS has entered into an agreement with CANARIE on CAF
  • CAF – provides a mechanism for users to authenticate at CLS using their home institutions credentials
  • CANARIE has agreements with their counterparts providing international access
  • Currently three applications:
    • Edurom access for users/visitors while at the CLS
    • Edurom access for CLS staff when traveling at member institutions
  • Some ongoing work to integrate “CAS” layer in ScienceStudio with CAF servers at CLS. Significant potential to improve data transfer between CLS and Compute Canada facilities
caf members aug 2012
CAF Members (Aug 2012)
  • British Columbia
  • BC Campus
  • British Columbia Institute of Technology
  • Camosun College
  •   Emily Carr University of Art and Design  
  • Great Northern Way Campus
  • Langara College
  • Okanagan College
  • Royal Roads University
  • Simon Fraser University
  • Thompson Rivers University
  • University of British Columbia
  • University of Victoria
  • Vancouver Community College
  • Alberta
  • Mount Royal University
  • University of Alberta
  • University of Calgary
  • University of Lethbridge
  • Saskatchewan
  • University of Saskatchewan
  •   University of Regina  
  • Manitoba
  • University of Manitoba
  •   Brandon University
  • Ontario
  • Brock University
  • Carleton University
  • McMaster University
  • OCAD University
  • Queen's University
  • Ryerson University
  •   Sheridan College     
  • University of Guelph
  • University of Ottawa
  • University of Toronto
  • University of Waterloo
  • University of Western Ontario
  • University of Windsor
  • Wilfrid Laurier University
  • York University
  • Québec
  • Concordia University
  • École de TechnologieSupérieure
  • ÉcolePolytechnique de Montréal
  • HEC Montréal
  • McGill University
  • Université de Montréal
  • Université de Sherbrooke
  • Université du Québec à Montréal
  • Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
  • Université Laval
  • New Brunswick
  • University of New Brunswick
  • Nova Scotia
  • Dalhousie University
  • Saint Mary's University
  • Newfoundlandand Labrador
  • Memorial University
licensing requirements cnsc oct 22 2010
Licensing Requirements (CNSC - Oct 22, 2010)
  • Safety and Security Considerations
    • Use of third party certificate for SSL encryption (Thawte)
    • Integrated Video Feed of any area under remote control (OHS requirement)
    • Single interface point between DMS and the beamline VLANs with security.
    • Access is limited to specific experiment permit and only to members of experiment
    • Remote user contact (phone number and e-mail must be available within the system)
    • Remote access user training
    • Audit records of access times and experiment activities
    • Devices controllable limited to only those needed to perform the experiment