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Islam - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Islam. The Will of Allah. The Five Pillars. The five acts of Worship. The Five Pillars of Islam. Creed - Shahadah Prayer - Salat Charity to the Poor - Zakat Fasting during Ramadan - Sawm Pilgrimage to Mecca - Hajj. The First Pillar. Creed - Shahadah

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The Will of Allah

The five pillars
The Five Pillars

The five acts of Worship

The five pillars of islam
The Five Pillars of Islam

  • Creed - Shahadah

  • Prayer - Salat

  • Charity to the Poor - Zakat

  • Fasting during Ramadan - Sawm

  • Pilgrimage to Mecca - Hajj

The first pillar
The First Pillar

  • Creed - Shahadah

    • There is no God but God and Muhammad is His Prophet

  • The Shahadah in Arabic

The second pillar
The Second Pillar

  • Prayer - Salat - Five daily prayers facing the Holy City of Mecca

    • one prays before dawn, midday, midafternoon, sunset and at night.

    • Ritual cleansing is involved.

    • times for prayer are announced by a muezzin who calls out from the top of a tower called a minaret.

  • Hundreds of Muslims pray in Kolkata (Calcutta), India (AP PHOTO)


  • When there is a prayer group one acts as the leader.

  • Passages from the Qur’an are recited.

  • Friday is the public day of prayer usually in the midafternoon. Men are at the mosque and women are at home.

    • The Friday public prayer usually includes a sermon.

  • Prayer Movements

The third pillar
The Third Pillar

  • Giving of Alms - Zakat - One gives 2.5 percent of one’s total income to the poor usually dispensed by the government.

  • A Muslim is also expected to perform acts of charity as part of one’s everyday life.

The fourth pillar
The Fourth Pillar

  • Fasting during Ramadan

    • One abstains from eating during the daylight hours for a whole month.

    • One also avoids liquid, tobacco and sex from dawn until dusk.

  • It is the holiest month in Islam


  • Purpose

    • discipline

    • develop sympathy for the poor

    • give to others what one would have eaten

  • It is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar (lunar) cycle

  • It is the time during which Muhammad received his revelations.

  • You Can Buy Hundreds Of Meals For The Needy At These Outlets.

The fifth pillar
The Fifth Pillar

  • Pilgrimage to the Holy City of Mecca - Hajj

  • It is a religious journey by a believer.

  • All Muslims, unless not able due to sickness and poverty, are expected to make the journey.

  • Only Muslims may visit the city.

The pilgrimage
The Pilgrimage

  • The greater pilgrimage is made during a special month dhu’l-Hijjah

  • The lesser pilgrimage is made during other times of the year.

  • There is ritual and purification involved.

    • Uniformed clothing, special prayers, and refraining from sex and violence.

The ka ba
The Ka’ba

  • It is located in the center of the Great Mosque of Mecca.

  • It is approximately 50’ high and 40’ wide and covered with a black cloth.

  • The inside is empty and is ritually purified.

  • The Black Stone which is believed to be a meteorite is embedded in one of the walls.

  • The interior of the Ka’ba