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World War II

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  1. World War II 1939-46

  2. The Start of WWII • Failure of appeasement • Sept. 1939-Germany Invades Poland • Blitzkrieg- “Lightening War” • Britain & France declare war on Germany

  3. Early Stages of War • May 1940-Evacuation of Dunkirk • Allies trapped w/ backs to the sea • Forced to escape mainland Europe across the English Channel

  4. Dunkirk

  5. June 1940-France falls • Northern France controlled by Germany • Vichy France- Puppet govt. set up in Southern France (Marshall Petain)

  6. France surrenders June 22, 1940

  7. German Blitzkrieg quickly overruns much of Europe & Northern Africa • Britain now stands alone against Germany

  8. The Battle of Britain- Summer 1940- May 1941 • Germany’s devastating air bombardment of London • Massive death & destruction • Radar, Enigma machine, RAF pilots & leadership of Winston Churchill help English repel attack

  9. Battle of Britain

  10. Battle of Britain

  11. Battle of Britain

  12. Enigma Machine

  13. Invasion of the USSR • 1941- Germany invades USSR • Operation Barbarossa (Costly mistake) • Russian cold & shortage of supplies help save USSR • 1942-USSR defeats Germany @ decisive Battle of Stalingrad

  14. Stalingrad • 90,000 German troops surrender • City was 99% destroyed • Germany on defensive for the rest of the war

  15. Battle of Stalingrad 1942

  16. US Neutrality • Lend Lease Act- US ships arms & supplies to allies w/out payment • Atlantic charter Aug. 1941 • Churchill & Roosevelt meet secretly to discuss post WWII plans • Upheld free trade & self-determination • Plans for a United Nations after the war

  17. The War in Europe Ends • D-Day June 6, 1944 • Allied troops land on Beaches of Normandy (France) • Allies liberate France & push towards Germany

  18. Liberation of Paris 1944

  19. D-Day Landing June 6, 1944

  20. Saving Private Ryan

  21. American transport to the D-Day invasion. {Death day} American transport to the D-Day invasion. {Death day} Up From the Beach

  22. The Battle of the Bulge • Hitler’s last ditch offensive of the WWII • December 1944 • The Ardennes Forest, Belgium • Germany now on the Run • Allies cross the Rhine into Germany March 1945

  23. Allies cross the Rhine River into Germany March 1945

  24. April 1945 Mussolini caught escaping Italy with retreating Germans • Executed & hung in Milan town Square

  25. 1945 Allied troops surround Berlin • Soviets from the East • British & US from West • April 30 Hitler commits suicide rather than surrender • May7, 1945 V-E Day – unconditional surrender of Germany

  26. Soviets raise flag over the German Reichstagg

  27. Unconditional Surrender May 7, 1945

  28. Churchill @ Hitler's Bunker

  29. V-E Day London

  30. NY's Time Square