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Malaria

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Malaria

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  1. Malaria Matt Dillon Patrick Keys KarstenJepsen Allie Lyman

  2. Malaria Worldwide - Stats • 1 million people die each year • 3,000 children die each year • Kills an African child every 30 seconds • 250 million cases occur annually Malaria No More 2010

  3. Malaria Worldwide • Attila the Hun and Genghis Khan • Eliminated: Caribbean, Vietnam, Panama Canal • Major Problem: Africa, Asia, and South America Malaria No More 2010

  4. Malaria in America • Major Outbreaks • 1951: Malaria eliminated from U.S.A. Malaria No More 2010

  5. Economic Impact • Significant economic losses • Decrease GDP as much as 1.3% • Health Costs WHO 2010

  6. Social Impact • Sick children miss school • Tourism suffers • Foreign investment decreases • Adults miss work Malaria No More 2010

  7. Malaria No More 2010

  8. Signs & Symptoms • Headache • Vomiting • Fever • Rigors (shaking chills) • Joint/muscle pain • Anemia • Spleen Inflammation Web MD, 2010

  9. Timeline • Exposure – bite from infected mosquito • Incubation Period • Begins 30 minutes after bite • Lasts up to 7 – 30 days • Prodromal Period • A few days, headache occurs • Fastigium Period • Fever/chills/sweating, cycles can recur every 1-3 days • Convalescence • Symptoms subside 3-14 days after treatment Wrong Diagnosis, 2010

  10. Classification • ICD 10 #: B50 • Agent: Parasitic Protists • Genus: Plasmodium (vivax, ovale, falciparum, malariae) WHO, 2010

  11. Spreading of Malaria • Vehicle: Anapheles Mosquito • Prevalence to Africa • Human to Human CDC, 2010

  12. Human to Human Transmission CDC, 2010

  13. Plasmodium Falciprum • Attack on the Liver • Agents Defense Mechanisms • This attack causes Symptoms CDC, 2010

  14. Testing for Malaria WHO, 2010

  15. Analyzing Blood Tests

  16. WHO, 2010

  17. Gideon, 2010

  18. Gideon, 2010

  19. Gideon, 2010

  20. Gideon, 2010

  21. Who Gets Malaria? • Warm, tropical or sub-tropical regions • Africa, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Brazil, Columbia, Solomon Islands • Poverty, non immune, developed resistance • Non Immune Travelers • 2005: over 2.5 billion at risk • Gideon, 2010

  22. Primary Prevention • Bed nets • Long sleeves, long pants • Bug sprays/fumigation • Remove standing water • Anti-Malaria treatment • WHO, 2010

  23. Secondary Prevention • Malaria Treatment • Fluids • Rest • Proper Nutrition • WHO, 2010

  24. Tertiary Prevention • Malaria Treatment • Hospitalization • Fluids, rest, nutrition • WHO, 2010

  25. Summary • Very Prevalent, but preventable • Disease of Poverty • Education and resources • Easy treatment

  26. Sources • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010, February 8) Malaria. Retrieved May 12, 2010 from http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/ • Gideon Infectious Diseases. (2010) Malaria. Retrieved May 12, 2010 from http://web.gideononline.com/web/epidemiology/ • Malaria No More. (2010) Malaria. Retrieved on May 17, 2010 from http://www.malarianomore.org/ • WebMD (2010). Malaria Overview. Retrieved 5/17/10 from http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/malaria-topic-overview • World Health Organization. (2010) Malaria. Retrieved May 12, 2010 from http://www.who.int/topics/malaria/en/ • Wrong Diagnosis (2010). Malaria Symptoms. Retreived 5/17/10 from http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/m/malaria/intro.htm