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Politics of the 1800’s. Whig Party The People’s Party, 1832-1856. Pres. Election winners William Henry Harrison (1840) Died of pneumonia First President to die in office Zachary Taylor (1848) Died from eating cherries and milk Second President to die in office

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whig party the people s party 1832 1856
Whig PartyThe People’s Party, 1832-1856
  • Pres. Election winners
    • William Henry Harrison (1840)
      • Died of pneumonia
      • First President to die in office
    • Zachary Taylor (1848)
      • Died from eating cherries and milk
      • Second President to die in office
  • Belief in the Federal Government
    • Limit power of the individual
  • Slavery divided the party
    • “Conscience Whigs” - Northerners joined the new Republican Party
    • “Cotton Whigs” - Southerners joined the Democratic Party
free soil party 1848 1854 free soil free speech free labour and free men
Free-Soil Party, 1848-1854"free soil, free speech, free labour, and free men"
  • Anti-slavery sentiment
  • Goal: Keep slavery out of the west (prevent the spread of slavery)
  • Presidential Election losers
    • Martin Van Buren (1848)
    • John Parker (1852)
  • Eventually folded as a party and joined the Republican Party in 1854
know nothing party
Know-Nothing Party
  • American Party (1845-1856)
  • Know-Nothing Party – secrecy, difficult to find out any information
  • Millard Fillmore
    • Was Zachary Taylor’s VP; took over the Oval Office (1850-1853) after Taylor’s death
    • Ran as the American Party candidate 1856 (lost)
  • Party platform
    • Survival of the Union
    • Nativism (focus of party)
  • Slavery divided the party in 1855
slide5
Republican Party

1854-present

  • Presidential elections
    • John C. Freemont
      • First candidate, 1856 (lost)
    • Abraham Lincoln
      • First Republican winner, 1860
  • Opposed the spread of slavery, the K-N Act, and the Dred Scott decision
  • Found support from northerners, abolitionists, eastern manufacturers, etc.
slide6
Democratic Party, 1832-present
  • Dominated politics from 1832-1860
    • Andrew Jackson, 1829-1837
    • Martin Van Buren, 1837-1841
    • James K. Polk, 1845-1849
    • Franklin Pierce, 1853-1857
    • James Buchanan, 1857-1861
  • As a national party, they had a weak stance on slavery. In 1860, slavery ended up dividing the party.
    • Northern Democrats nominating Stephen Douglas
    • Southern Democrats choosing John C. Breckinridge
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