International System • The pattern of relations between nation-states and non-state international actors
Domestic Politics Formal Hierarchical Rules/regulations To produce justice Social contract International Politics Two Views Anarchy Institutionalization Comparison
Categories of Comparison • Central Authority • Conflict Resolution and Force
Domestic Politics: Central AuthorityUS Constitution THE PREAMBLE We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Rules? Anarchy? • Sovereignty • Self-reliance • Capability • Might makes right
But…Institutions: Central Authority in the Making? • Geneva Conventions • International Criminal Court (Rome Statute) • Kyoto Protocol • International Whaling Commission • World Intellectual Property Rights Org.
Regional Organizations • African Union (AU) • Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC) • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) • TheCommonwealth(Britain and nations that were former colonies, but remain close to Britain economically and politically) • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) Organization of Central Asian states, from Turkey to Kyrgyzstan • Economic Community of West African States(ECOWAS) • European Union (EU) • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) • Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) • Organization of American States (OAS) • Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) -- a cartel of oil producing nations that spans several regions. • Pacific Community (Pacific Island nations and territories)
Conflict Resolution and Force • Domestic Politics…
Japanese Constitution 1946 Staff member BeateSirota Gordon, then in her early twenties, still remembers the day well: And one morning I came in..., it was ten a.m. and General Whitney [head of the government section] called us into a meeting room. It was too small for all of us. Some of us had to stand because there were about 25 of us. And he said, "You are now a constituent assembly…And you will write the Japanese constitution. You will write a draft and it will have to be done in a week." Well, I mean, we were stunned of course. But, on the other hand, when you're in the army and you get an order, you just do it. You just go ahead. From PBS, The American Experience, MacArthur. Available at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/peopleevents/pandeAMEX102.html
Instutionalization?International Conflict Resolution and Regulation of the Use of Force United Nations Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons Russia-China Border WTO Dispute Resolution Mechanism International Court of Justice
Old Enemies, New Friends China/Japan Germany/France
The International System Evolves Anarchy Institutionalization You are here