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1/28 Focus: Kings began to gain more power and centralize power during the high middle ages England was one of the first countries in Europe to develop a strong central monarchy Do Now: What was one characteristic of life in Western Europe during the early Middle Ages?. Middle Ages.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

1/28 Focus:

    • Kings began to gain more power and centralize power during the high middle ages
    • England was one of the first countries in Europe to develop a strong central monarchy
  • Do Now:
    • What was one characteristic of life in Western Europe during the early Middle Ages?
middle ages

Middle Ages

The High Middle Ages

flashback
Flashback
  • After the fall of Rome Western Europe entered into the Dark Ages
    • lack of central authority
    • Decline of education and learning
    • Decline in trade and commerce
    • Development of Feudalism and the Manorial System
the high middle ages
The High Middle Ages
  • Between 1000 & 1500 Western Europe began to emerge from the Dark Ages
popes and kings
Popes and Kings
  • During the early middle ages nobles and their knights held a great deal of power
    • Over time power shifted to kings and the Pope
  • Powerful kings came into power in England and France
england
England
  • Angles and Saxons had invaded England in the 400’s
  • Divided into separate kingdoms
    • Each had their own laws and customs
england1
England
  • England was subject to frequent invasions from Vikings
  • Alfred the Great
    • Saxon king
    • unites England after stopping Viking advances
england2
England
  • 1066 Alfred’s descendent King Edward dies without an heir
  • 2 people claim the throne
    • Harold Godwinson
      • Son of one of Edward’s advisors
    • William of Normandy
      • Normandy was in France
      • Claimed he had been promised the throne by Godwinson
battle of hastings
Battle of Hastings
  • Conflict breaks over who should be king
  • William wins the battle and becomes King of England
    • Harold Godwinson is killed in battle
      • Shot through the eye with in an arrow
william the conqueror
William the Conqueror
  • William begins to centralize power
    • Claims all land in England as his property
      • Gave land to his supporters
william the conqueror1
William the Conqueror
  • Domesday Book
    • A survey of people living in England, what they owned, and how much they could pay in taxes
    • was used to create an efficient tax system
the magna carta
The Magna Carta
  • William’s descendants had begun to abuse their power
  • King John
    • Had lost most of the English lands in France in a expensive war
    • Began to raise to taxes on nobles
    • Nobles were angered by his confiscation of lands and high taxes
    • Raised an army and forced King John to sign the Magna Carta in 1215
the magna carta1
The Magna Carta
  • Document which limited the power of the king
    • Means “Great Charter”
  • Laid the groundwork for “democracy” in Europe
  • Established the British Parliament
the magna carta2
The Magna Carta
  • Basic principles:
    • King could not raise taxes without the approval of a council of nobles and clergy
      • Later became the British Parliament
    • King could not arrest people without cause or take property without just cause
      • Habeas Corpus
    • Had to be convicted by a jury to be sent to jail
    • The King had to obey the law; was not above the law
closure
Closure
  • Identify one way William the conqueror established control of England.
  • What was the purpose of the Domesday Book?
  • Explain how the Magna Carta limited the power of the king?