History of Haiti Zoltan Grossman. Colonized by French French ruled sugar plantations harshly in western half of Hispaniola. African slaves began speaking French Creole. Only successful slave revolt, 1803 Haiti becomes independent under revolutionary leader Toussaint L’Ouverture.
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Became poorest country in Western Hemisphere
Late 1980s-Early 1990s = Refugees = Asylum
Today = Economic Migrants = Sent Home
Haitian Boat People
Aristide ally re-elected, 2006
Brazilian UN “peacekeepers”
raid Cité Soleil, other Lavalas
communities; Left criticizes Lula
Privatization proceeds, coupled with
oil price hikes