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The History of Haiti ( Timeline ) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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1492 - 2008. The History of Haiti ( Timeline ) . 1697. 1492. 1500`s. Christopher Columbus claimed the island for Spain. He established the first Spanish settlement in the Americans. Indians had all died out from disease. . France gained control of the western third of Hispaniola. 1844.

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slide2

1697

1492

1500`s

Christopher Columbus claimed the island for Spain. He established the first Spanish settlement in the Americans.

Indians had all died out from disease.

France gained control of the western third of Hispaniola.

slide3

1844

1804

1791

1802

In 1791 Toussaint L`Ouverture, a soldier freed slaves from the French.

One of the former slaves fought to restore the Indian name of Haiti, he declared independence from French.

1802 the French sent there troops to get the slaves back.

Jean Pierre Boyer, who ruled until he die.

slide4

1915

1934

1957

1900`s

U.S. military stayed there until 1934. Education,finances,sanitation, etc. were improved.

The country was disorganized and went Bankrupt.

The United States sent marines to Haiti.

Francois Duvalier was elected president and used violence of Haiti for life.

slide5

1986

1987

1964

1971

Several unsuccessful attempts made to overthrow him.

Haiti was free from torture after the president fled the country from the protesters.

New constitution approved, but the election for president was canceled.

A new constitution made Duvalier become president for life.

slide6

1994

1988

1990

1991

The threat of the invasion forced the military to back down.

New elections were held in 1988, Leslie Manigat.

Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a Catholic priest, was elected president.

Aristide, was ousted by the army.

slide7

1994

1988

1990

1991

The threat of the invasion forced the military to back down.

New elections were held in 1988, Leslie Manigat.

Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a Catholic priest, was elected president.

Aristide, was ousted by the army.

slide8

2008

2000

2004

2006

A rebel army sought to oust Aristide. He resigned on February 29 calming that the united states force him out.

His work was complicated by rising food prices starting riot`s among the poor.

Elections finally came back, to vote for president.

Former president Preval was re-elected to lead the country.

earthquakes

Earthquakes

*In 2010, in earthquake hit Haiti leaving 300,000 injured; 316,000 people died , and left 1,000,000 people homeless.

* This put even greater stress on the people of Haiti

hurricanes

Hurricanes

2008: Four storms--Fay, Gustav, Hanna, and Ike--dumped heavy rains on the impoverished nation.

Haiti suffered 793 killed, with 310 missing and another 593 injured.

The hurricanes destroyed 22,702 homes and damaged another 84,625.

About 800,000 people were affected--8% of Haiti's total population.

The flood wiped out 70% of Haiti's crops, resulting in dozens of deaths of children due to malnutrition in the months following the storms.

Damage was estimated at over $1 billion, the costliest natural disaster in Haitian history.

credit slide

Credit Slide

Lounsbury, John F. History of Haiti. Arizona State University, January 2010

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