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Cold War

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  1. ColdWar 1945-1989 Struggle between democracy and communism

  2. What was the Cold War? • Conflict between the communists and democratic nations • Communists were led by the Soviet Union • Democratic nations led by the United States Source: http://www.funfront.net/hist/europe/coldwar.htm

  3. Brussels Treaty • Signed March 17th, 1948 • Signed by Belgium, France, Luxemburg, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom • Established the Western Union • Support in economic, social, and cultural matters Signing of the Treaty of Brussels Source: http://www.ena.lu/signing-brussels-treaty-brussels-17-march-1948-020704497.html

  4. National Atlantic Treaty Organization • April 4, 1949 • 12 Nations joined • United States, Canada, Iceland, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Italy, Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxemburg • Members of the organization all agreed that Russian Communism would become a threat to the democratic world • Result: European countries came together under American control. Source: http://www.funfront.net/hist/europe/coldwar.htm#The North Atlantic Treaty Organization

  5. Causes of the Cold War • Ideological • United States- rights to form political parties, right of assembly, of speech, and of the press • Soviet Union- No right to form political parties, right of speech, assembly, and press • No compromise between them because the governments were different • Economical • United States- free trade worldwide • Soviet Union- no interaction with other countries in the trading industry • Russia was afraid that if they traded with the west, they would’ve became weaker as a country because of western ways of life Source: http://www.funfront.net/hist/europe/coldwar.htm#CAUSES OF THE COLD WAR

  6. Causes of the Cold War (cont.) • Power Opposition • Power was mostly shared between the U.S. and Soviet Union after WWII • Each country wanted to take over one another • This caused the two countries to battle • Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan Source: http://www.funfront.net/hist/europe/coldwar.htm#CAUSES OF THE COLD WAR

  7. Truman Doctrine • Address presented by President Harry S. Truman • Asked for $400 million in military and economic support from Turkey and Greece • March 12, 1947 • "It must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures." - President Harry Truman President Harry S. Truman signing a document. http://www.classbrain.com/artteenst/publish/article_112.shtml

  8. Marshall Plan (ERP) • Three months after the Truman Doctrine was signed • Also known as the European Recovery Program(ERP) • George C. Marshall came up with the idea of offering American financial aid for European economic recovery • President Truman signed the first bill for $5,300,000,000 • On December 31st of 1951, the European Recovery Program ended and had spent about $12,500,000,000 http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAmarshallP.htm

  9. Conflicts during the Cold War

  10. Bay of Pigs Invasion • April 17, 1961 • Led by and paid for by the United States for Cuban exiles • April 15th, three U.S. planes flown by Cubans bombed Cuban air bases • Planned by U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) • Happened because Dwight D. Eisenhower broke ties with Cuba • Against a dictator named Fidel Castro in Cuba. • It was unsuccessful http://library.thinkquest.org/11046/days/bay_of_pigs.html

  11. Cuban Missile Crisis • October 1962 • The Soviet Union was building secret missile bases in Cuba • President John F. Kennedy sent a blockade to Cuba to prevent any Russian ship bring more missiles, weapons, etc. • Soviet Union wanted to feel more powerful than the United States • Finally after a month, Russian Premier Nikita S, Khrushchev agreed to withdraw all Soviet bombs and missiles http://www.hpol.org/jfk/cuban/

  12. Vietnam War • 1957 • Vietnam is split into two sections, Communist and non-Communist • Ngo Dinh Diem • South Vietnam leader • Became a disgrace and was unpopular • Diem continues to recruit more and more troops as years went on • May 1963 • Buddhist Population rebels against Diem because they thought he was getting in the way of their religious practices • United States joined S. Vietnam after an attack against the U.S. destroyers, Maddox and C. Turner Joy, off the coast of N. Vietnam • The war continued to grow until S. Vietnam surrenders to North Vietnam in 1975 U.S. Destroyer Maddox U.S. Destroyer C. Turner Joy http://library.thinkquest.org/22059/conflict/

  13. Korean War • 1945 • The U.S. and Soviet Union agreed to split up Korea into two sections, North and South • 1950 • Tension began to build because of the efforts put into reuniting the country failed • June 25, North Koreans invaded South Korea, and South Korea(occupied by United States) responded within a few hours • 1951 • Peace talks began. On and off. http://library.thinkquest.org/22059/conflict/

  14. THE END! 