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World War II. AP World History Uvalde High School. Road to War: Asia 1931-1945. Japan seizes Manchuria in September 1931 Japanese government controlled by militarists Mao’s Long March occurred in 1934 Japanese invaded mainland China in 1937 Rape of Nanjing occurred winter of 1937-1938

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World War II


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    1. World War II AP World History Uvalde High School

    2. Road to War: Asia 1931-1945 • Japan seizes Manchuria in September 1931 • Japanese government controlled by militarists • Mao’s Long March occurred in 1934 • Japanese invaded mainland China in 1937 • Rape of Nanjing occurred winter of 1937-1938 • Chaing Kai-shek retreated into western China • Mao’s communist forces led guerilla warfare in East • Japan occupied French Indo-China in 1940

    3. Road to War: Europe 1933-1939 • Hitler withdraws Germany from the League of Nations in 1933 • Hitler annexes German inhabited regions of Austria and Czechoslovakia in 1938 • Europe follows policy of appeasement at Munich Conference in 1938 • Nazi-Soviet Pact signed August 23, 1939 • Stalin and Hitler agree to divide Poland • Germany invades Poland on Sept. 1, 1939

    4. World War II: European Theater • World War I was a defensive war; World War II was an offensive war • Blitzkrieg led Germany’s easy conquest of Poland, Belgium, France, et al. • Mobilized massive amounts of human and natural resources from around the globe • Citizens viewed as legitimate targets for war • War for oil? • German army attempted to seize Suez Canal • German army besieged Stalingrad

    5. World War II: European Theater

    6. World War II: Pacific Theater • After Japan occupied French Indo-China, the U.S. and Britain stopped shipments of steel, iron, and oil to Japan • Japan bombed Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941 • Japan quickly conquered Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands • Battle of Midway marked a turning point • Japan lost 4 of its 6 largest aircraft carriers • Japan’s productivity was one-tenth of U.S.

    7. World War II: Pacific Theater

    8. End of War: European Theater • Three major allied offensives • After victory at Stalingrad, Soviets begin counteroffensive in 1943 • Allies invaded Sicily in July 1943 • Invasion of Normandy (D-Day) June 6,1944 • Hitler commits suicide on April 28, 1945 • Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945

    9. End of the War: Pacific Theater • U.S. strategy of “island-hopping” by-passed heavily fortified islands to get closer to Japan • Bombing raids of Japan began June 1944 • 40% of Tokyo was destroyed • U.S. dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima (August 6, 1945) and Nagasaki (August 9) • Japan surrendered August 14, 1945

    10. Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    11. Effects of War • 60 million dead • Six to eight times more than World War I • Over half the dead were civilians victims of massacres, famines, and bombs • Russia lost 25 million; China 15 million; Poland 6 million; Germany 4 million • World flooded with refugees • 90 million fled China • Most refugees never returned home

    12. War of Science • New inventions: synthetic rubber, radar, antibiotics • Military advances: airplanes, tanks, weapons, etc. • Nazi V-2 missiles • Atomic bomb

    13. The Holocaust • Nuremburg Laws passed in 1935 • German and Polish Jews eventually moved to ghettos or work camps • Final Solution starts in 1942 • Applied modern industrial methods to the slaughter of human beings • Killed 6 million Jews and millions of Poles, gypsies, homosexuals, physical and mentally handicapped

    14. The Holocaust Warsaw Ghetto Riots Prison Labor Ovens at Auschwitz Liberation of Dachau

    15. Home Front in Europe & Asia • No clear distinction between “front” and “home front” • Soviet Union dismantled 1500 factories and rebuilt them in Ural Mountains • Russian women took over 50% of industrial jobs and 75% of agricultural jobs • German women were encouraged to stay home and have children • Imported 7 million “guest workers”

    16. Home Front in the United States • U.S. economy experienced prolonged boom after 1940 • Women and minorities were recruited for factory jobs • 6 million women enter workforce • 1.2 million African-Americans migrate north looking for work • Japanese were placed in internment camps

    17. U.S. Propaganda

    18. U.S. Propaganda