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Liturgical prayer: The Sanctification of Time. Sacraments and Prayer Fr. Llane Briese. Section One. The Liturgical Day. The Challenge. “Pray without ceasing.” (1 Thessalonians 5:17) But how? Is that possible??? Amidst daily life, making time for God in prayer can be quite difficult.

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liturgical prayer the sanctification of time

Liturgical prayer:The Sanctification of Time

Sacraments and Prayer

Fr. Llane Briese

the challenge
The Challenge
  • “Pray without ceasing.” (1 Thessalonians 5:17)
  • But how? Is that possible???
    • Amidst daily life, making time for God in prayer can be quite difficult.
    • Personal prayer is essential, but the Church does have a formal liturgical means of fulfilling this command.
  • Our quest in living a Christian daily life is to sanctify the day. (This is one of the reasons why we stop for prayer so frequently here at OLM.)
  • 2 Goals in Liturgical Prayer:
    • Anamnesis: Remembering God’s Love in the Past
    • Epiclesis: Requesting God’s Love in the Present/Future
sanctifying the day
Sanctifying the Day
  • The Liturgy of the Hours is also known as the Divine Office. It is contained in a book called the Breviary. It is the Church’s official daily prayer.
  • Brief History:
    • Jewish tradition of praying the Psalms
    • Christian Monasticism
    • Reform at Vatican II
  • While clergy and religious are required to pray the Office, it is the prayer of the entire Church, and laity are encouraged to participate.
the hours
The “Hours”
  • The individual installments of prayer are called “hours” (but, no, they do not last 60 minutes each!)
  • In the modern Office, there are 7 of them daily (school-day times approximate for Fr. Briese):
    • Office of Readings (Matins) 5:45 a.m.
    • Morning Prayer (Lauds) 6:45 a.m.
    • Midmorning Prayer (Terce) 9:00 a.m.
    • Midday Prayer (Sext) 12:00 noon
    • Midafternoon Prayer (None) 2:30 p.m.
    • Evening Prayer (Vespers) 6:00 p.m.
    • Night Prayer (Compline) 9:00 p.m.
the elements of the hours
The ELEMENTS OF The “Hours”
  • Invitation to Prayer
    • First Hour of the day: Lord, open my lips.
    • All other Hours: God, come to my assistance.
  • Hymn
  • Chanting the Psalms (and Canticles)
  • Readings from Scripture and Other Sources
  • Gospel Canticles:
    • At Lauds: Benedictus (“Blessed be the Lord…”)
    • At Vespers: Magnificat (“My soul proclaims…”)
    • At Compline: Nuncdimittis (“Now, you let…”)
  • Intercessions
  • Concluding Prayer (often the Collect of Mass)
the liturgical day1
The Liturgical Day
  • Fun fact: Dies vs. Feria in Latin
  • For Christians, everyday is a celebration because God’s love permeates life.
  • Ranks of liturgical days:
    • Sundays: Dominica — the Lord’s Day; begin the night before with First Vespers.
    • Solemnities: The biggest celebrations; begin the night before with First Vespers.
    • Feasts: Important days, but contained within 24 hours.
    • Memorials: Less important celebrations.
    • Ferial Days: Regular weekdays.
table of liturgical days
Table of Liturgical Days
  • 1. The Paschal Triduum (Evening of Holy Thursday through Vespers of Easter Sunday):
    • The Evening Mass of the Lord’s Supper
      • Holy Thursday evening
    • The Celebration of the Passion of the Lord
      • Good Friday afternoon or evening
    • The Paschal Vigil in the Holy Night of Easter
      • After dark on the night before Easter
    • Also, a number of traditional practices:
      • Prayer before the Eucharist (Holy Thursday Night)
      • Tre Ore (Three Hours) / Seven Last Words (Good Friday)
      • Stations of the Cross (Good Friday)
      • Holy Saturday Devotions
      • Easter Sunday Traditions
table of liturgical days1
Table of Liturgical Days
  • 2a. Four Major Solemnities:
    • Christmas (December 25—Holy Day Oblig.)
    • Epiphany (In USA, Sunday between Jan. 2-8)
    • Ascension (In most of USA, 6 Sundays after Easter)
    • Pentecost (7 Sundays after Easter = 50th Day)
  • 2b. Other Major Days (although not all are festive):
    • Sundays of Advent, Lent, and Easter
    • Ash Wednesday (6 ½ weeks before Easter)
    • Weekdays of Holy Week before the Triduum
    • The Octave of Easter (8 Days beginning on Easter Sunday)
table of liturgical days2
Table of Liturgical Days
  • 3a. Other Solemnities Celebrated Everywhere:
    • Focusing on Particular Mysteries of the Lord Jesus:
      • Annunciation of the Lord (March 25; moved sometimes)
      • Most Holy Trinity (Sunday after Pentecost)
      • Most Holy Body and Blood of Christ (USA: 2nd Sun. after Pentecost)
      • Most Sacred Heart of Jesus: (10th Friday after Good Friday)
      • Christ the King (Last Sunday of Liturgical Year; Nov. 20-26)
    • Focusing on Mary’s Role in Salvation History:
      • Immaculate Conception (December 8—Holy Day Oblig.)
      • Mary, Mother of God (January 1—Holy Day Oblig.)
      • Assumption of Mary (August 15—Holy Day Oblig.)
    • Focus on Other Very Important Saints:
      • St. Joseph (March 19; moved sometimes)
      • Nativity of St. John the Baptist (June 24)
      • SS. Peter and Paul (June 29)
      • All Saints (November 1)
table of liturgical days3
Table of Liturgical DAYS
  • 3b. All Souls’ Day (November 2)
  • 4. Proper Solemnities (Celebrated Only in Certain Places)
  • 5. Feasts of the Lord (Celebrated Everywhere)
    • The Holy Family (Sunday after Christmas or Dec. 30)
    • The Baptism of the Lord (usually Sunday after Jan. 6)
    • The Presentation of the Lord (February 2)
    • The Transfiguration of the Lord (August 6)
    • The Exaltation of the Holy Cross (September 14)
    • The Dedication of the Lateran Basilica (November 9)
  • 6. Sundays of Christmas Season and Ordinary Time
  • 7. Other Feasts Celebrated Everywhere
  • 8. Proper Feasts (Celebrated in Certain Places)
table of liturgical days4
Table of liturgical days
  • 9. Special Ferial Days:
    • Late Advent: December 17-24
    • Octave of Christmas (December 26-January 1)
    • All Ferial Days of Lent
  • 10-11. Obligatory Memorials: Usually celebrate the better known saints.
  • 12. Optional Memorials
  • 13. Other Ferial Days
the liturgical year1
The Liturgical Year
  • The Church relives and remembers (anamnesis) the various events of Christ’s life throughout the year. She also asks for God’s grace in particular ways (epiclesis) during these different times and season.
  • The Major Liturgical Seasons:
    • Advent
    • Christmas
    • Lent
    • The Sacred Triduum
    • Easter
    • The Time throughout the Year (Ordinary Time)
anamnesis and epiclesis
Anamnesis and epiclesis
  • The seasons of Advent and Christmas make up the Christmas cycle during which “we pray that we may be inwardly transformed through him whom we recognize outwardly like ourselves.” (Paul VI, M.P. Mysteriipaschalis)
  • For Lent and Easter, “while we celebrate Christ’s Pasch, we ask almighty God that those who have been reborn with Christ may hold fast in their lives to the Sacrament they have received in faith.” (Ibidem)
advent
ADVENT
  • Begins four Sundays before Christmas (between Nov. 27 and Dec. 3)
  • “A period of devout and expectant delight.” (UNLY 39)
  • Focuses on preparation for Christmas (and remembering his First Coming) and looks forward to his Second Coming in glory.
  • December 17-24: Late Advent Days (“O”Antiphons at Vespers)
  • Traditional Practices:
    • The Advent Wreath
    • Celebrations of the Sacrament of Reconciliation
christmas season
Christmas Season
  • Begins with First Vespers on December 24 and continues until the Sunday after January 6.
  • “After the annual celebration of the Paschal Mystery, the Church has no more ancient custom than celebrating the memorial of the Nativity of the Lord and of his first manifestations, and this takes place in Christmas Time.” (UNLY 32)
  • Christmas Day: December 25
  • Octave of Christmas: December 26-January 1
  • Epiphany: In USA, Sunday between Jan. 2-8
  • Baptism of the Lord: In USA, Sunday after Epiphany unless it falls on Jan. 7 or 8, in which case it occurs on the Monday after Epiphany.
  • Traditional Devotions: Gifts and the Nativity Scene
slide18
Lent
  • Ash Wednesday through Holy Thursday
  • Historical Origins: Catechumens preparing for Baptism and Penitents preparing for absolution.
  • Twofold Focus: Recall Baptism and Do Penance
  • Prayer, Fasting, and Almsgiving
  • Ash Wednesday
  • Holy Week
  • Traditional Devotions:
    • “Giving Something Up for Lent”
    • Stations of the Cross
    • Friday Abstinence and Church Gatherings
holy week
Holy WEEK
  • Begins on the Sunday before Easter and is the week in which the Church remembers the saving events of Christ’s life (anamnesis) and begs that they may bear fruit in our lives (epiclesis).
  • Palm Sunday of the Lord’s Passion: Recalls the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem and also recalls his Passion (in Mt, Mk, or Lk).
  • Chrism Mass: Priests renew promises; holy oils blessed/consecrated.
  • Three Main Triduum Liturgies
holy thursday mass of the lord s supper
Holy Thursday:Mass of the Lord’s Supper
  • Anamnesis of:
    • The Institution of the Eucharist
    • The Institution of the Priesthood
    • The Commandment: “Love One Another” (Jn 13:34)
  • Epiclesis: “that we may draw from so great a mystery, the fullness of charity and of life.” (Roman Missal, HT, no. 8)
  • Notable Elements:
    • Readings:
      • Exodus 13: The Institution of the Passover
      • 1 Corinthians 11: The Institution of the Eucharist
      • John 13: The Washing of Feet
    • The Washing of Feet
    • The Transfer of the Eucharist
good friday the passion of the lord
Good Friday:the Passion of the Lord
  • Anamnesis: The Death of the Lord Jesus
  • Epiclesis:That his death may take effect in the world.
  • Notable Elements:
    • A Meditative Silence
    • Readings:
      • Isaiah 52-53: “My servant shall justify many.”
      • Hebrews 4-5: Christ, Priest and Victim
      • John 18-19: The Passion and Death of the Lord
    • The Solemn Intercessions
    • Adoration of the Holy Cross
    • Holy Communion (but NOT a Mass)
the easter vigil
THE Easter VIGIL
  • Anamnesis: The Lord’s Resurrection
  • Epiclesis: That those for whom Christ died and rose may be born again to new life through Baptism, become sealed in his Spirit through Confirmation, and may be nourished by him in the Eucharist.
  • The mother of all liturgies, “in which the Church, keeping watch, awaits the Resurrection of Christ and celebrates it in the Sacraments”. (Paul VI, Mysterii Paschalis)
  • Occurs after dark on Holy Saturday evening.
  • Four Parts:
    • Lucernarium
    • Liturgy of the Word (7 OT Readings; Romans 6; Resurrection Narrative)
    • Baptismal Liturgy (Celebration of Baptism and Confirmation; Renewal of Baptismal Promises)
    • Liturgy of the Eucharist
easter season
EASTER SEASON
  • Begins at the Easter Vigil (during the Triduum) and continues through Pentecost.
  • Easter Octave: 8 Days from Easter through following Sunday (2nd Sunday of Easter = Divine Mercy Sunday)
  • Ascension of the Lord: Traditionally celebrated on a Thursday 40 days after Easter; in our area, moved to next Sunday.
  • Pentecost Sunday: 50th Day of Easter = 7 Sundays after Easter.
  • Traditional Practices:
    • First Communions
    • Focus on Living Graces Received in the Sacraments of Initiation
ordinary time tempus per annum
Ordinary Time(Tempus per annum)
  • Celebrates the mystery of Christ in its entirety, rather than focusing on one specific aspect.
  • The green vesture is symbolic of life; we are seeking to grow in holiness.
  • Has 2 parts:
    • Shorter part between the end of the Christmas Season and Ash Wednesday (beginning of Lent): a few weeks in mid/late winter.
    • Longer part between the Monday after Pentecost and the Saturday before the First Sunday of Advent: most of summer and fall.
liturgical year 2013 2014
Liturgical Year 2013-2014
  • First Sunday of Advent: December 1
  • Christmas Day: December 25 (Wed.)
  • Epiphany (in USA): January 5 (Sun.)
  • Baptism of the Lord: January 12 (Sun.)
  • Ash Wednesday: March 5
  • Palm Sunday: April 13
  • Easter Triduum: April 17-20(TH-SU)
  • Ascension (in our area): June 1 (Sun.)
  • Pentecost: June 8 (Sun.)
  • Sacred Heart: June 27 (Fri.)
  • Christ the King: November 23 (Sun.)
  • First Sunday of Advent: November 30