ALCOHOLISM AND IT’S EFFECTS ON THE HUMAN BODY Morgan A. Williams LTEC 4121 Technical Presentation Skills
What Is Alcohol? • Alcohol • Alcoholis a clear drink that is made from corn, barley, grain, rye, or a beverage containing ethyl. • The alcohol that is consumed at bars or parties (ethyl alcohol, or ethanol) is created by fermentation, a process in which the yeast fungus feeds on the sugars and/or starches in certain plants such as barley or grapes and excretes alcohol along with carbon dioxide (CO2).
Alcoholism • Alcohol consumption ranges along a scale from no use to alcoholism. There are numerous factors including the environment and genetics that determine where an individual’s alcohol use falls on the scale. Personal choice plays the largest role in the decision to use or abstain from alcohol. Alcohol abuse not only causes social problems but also is very detrimental to the human body.
Signs of an Alcoholic! • 5 Signs of Alcoholism • Becoming offensive after people criticize your drinking • Start putting others in danger after drinking by driving/ drinking and driving • Lose track of your finances • Start missing work and events due to alcohol related sickness • Start planning your day around alcohol
Drink or Not to Drink? • Reasons For Not Drinking • Fatality- More than 100,000 people die every year from alcohol-related causes • Accidents- alcohol in combination with other drugs accounts for one in four admissions to Emergency Rooms • Drinking and Driving- over 40% of fatal automobile accidents are alcohol-related and over 900,000 DUI’s are issued yearly Choosing not to drink is always the safest, healthiest choice.
Results of Drinking and Driving BE SAFE AND GIVE THE KEYS AWAY!
Drink or Not to Drink? • Reasons People Drink • Availability • Family Environment • Peer Pressure • Media Enticement • To Cope with Depression/Stress • To Reach A Social High
The Effects of Alcohol on The Human Body • Alcohol can have many long term and short term effects on the human body. Overall, alcohol can be a social enhancer, but when abused it can be very detrimental to the human body and possibly cause death. • Short Term Effects of Alcohol Abuse: • Alcohol damages the central nervous system and the brain upon consumption. • Alcohol makes it harder for the body to break down food into usable molecules, because it decreases secretions of the pancreas. • A person in the early stages of alcoholism often has an inflamed fatty liver and can eventually cause fatal liver damage. • Long Term Effects of Alcohol Abuse: • Alcohol raises blood pressure and increases heart rate, which weakens the heart. • Most male alcoholics have lowered levels of testosterone, lower sperm counts, shrunken testicles, and enlarged breasts. They often suffer from impotence.
Alcoholism and The Effects on The Human Body • QUICK FACTS: • Alcohol abuse is a problem in any social setting and will cause bodily damage. • The less a person weighs the less it will take for that person to become intoxicated. • A 140 lb. Male drinks two drinks in one hour, his blood alcohol level is .038. A 140 lb. female drinks two drinks in one hour and her blood alcohol level is .048. • Fatality- More than 100,000 people die every year from alcohol-related causes • Accidents- alcohol in combination with other drugs accounts for one in four admissions to the Emergency Rooms • Drinking and Driving- over 40% of fatal automobile accidents are alcohol-related and over 900,000 DUI’s are issued yearly • Obesity- The standard drink of alcohol (1 oz.) contains approximately 100 calories. The average pint of beer contains anywhere from 110-200 calories.
Legal Consumption Amounts • Blood alcohol content is usually expressed as a percentage of alcohol in the blood. For instance, a BAC of 0.10 means that 0.10% (one tenth of one percent) of a person's blood, by volume, is alcohol. • The Legal Limit (DWI): • .08 % Legal Limit in TX • .15% Enhance Penalty
Statistical Facts! College Students Reported Binge Drinking Decreased 14% Proportionally from 1991 to 2009.
Don’t Drink and Drive! • This could be you:
Works Cited • INTERNET SOURCES: • “The Reality on Alcohol and Alcoholism” Alcoholrehabcenter.com. Alcohol Rehabilitation Center 2012. http://www.alcoholrehabcenter.com/ • Dui.findlaw.com. Findlaw. A Thomas Reuters Business 2012. http://dui.findlaw.com/dui-laws-resources/texas-dwi-laws.html • “Alcohol’s Property” Intox.com. Intoximeters 2009-2012. http://www.intox.com/t-Physiology.aspx • “Alcohol and Crime” Alcoholandcrime.org. NPAMC 2009-2012. http://www.alcoholandcrime.org/npamc/issues/alcohol-and-crime/ • Book Sources: • Bottom Line’s Ultimate Healing. World’s Greatest Treasury of Health Secrets Volume II. Stamford, CT. Boardroom Inc. 2008. First Edition