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The Settlement of New England

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  1. The Settlement of New England

  2. Do Now • Take out the reading you did this weekend: Different Points of View: Europeans vs. Native Americans • In your notebook or on a sheet of paper. Answer one of the following questions: • What are some of the cultural differences that caused misunderstanding between the cultures? • What attitudes are evident in the 2nd reading?

  3. Class discussion According to Document 1… • Who are “most perfect”? • Who are “weakest and most imperfect”? • Who by nature are “masters”? Why? • Who by nature are “slaves”? Why? • What kind of law are Europeans using to justify their actions?

  4. Class discussion: Document 2 • Generally speaking, how do the Algonquin feel about the French? • The Algonquin pose the question – if France is so great, then why do they leave? Why do you think French explorers come to the “New World”? • How do the Algonquin view “happiness”? What makes them happy/gives them “pleasure”? • Why do they think the French are miserable? • How did the Algonquin health change after the French introduced new foods/beverages? How was their health before? • Why do the Algonquin consider themselves more powerful than the French?

  5. Monday, Sept. 9th – Periods 3&5 Objective: By the end of the period, scholars will be able to determine the ways in which Puritan society changed over time. Homework: Due Tuesday 9/10 (tomorrow): Using Brinkley, identify the significance of the terms listed on the handout. Or view the list of terms at: Agenda: • Do now: HW reading discussion • Puritans • The Mayflower • The Mayflower Compact • Great Migration • A Modell of Christian Charity • How did the values and beliefs of Puritans influence the New England colonies? • King Phillip’s War

  6. Puritanism • Puritanism highly influenced the founding and growth of the New England colonies • However, that influence did not last, as different factors reshaped those colonies and Puritanism faced a crisis • The Puritan era is 1620-1690s. After that, other trends gain in influence

  7. English Reformation: More ‘political’ than theological; frustrating the Puritans. • Henry VIII (Tudor), former defender of Rome against the Protestant Reformation, breaks the Church of England from Rome in 1534. (divorce) COE = Protestant but “Anglican.” • Mary I brings back Catholicism (1553-58.) • Elizabeth I: ‘settlement’; fairly Protestant. Puritans want more reform. • James I (1603-1625) tolerant of Catholicism; Charles I executed after the English Civil War (1649). • Charles II was restored in 1660; Anglican. His successor James II was thought to be too pro-Catholic  Glorious Rev (Wm & Mary, 1688.) • Anglican Protestant rulers forevermore. Anglican = COE, Protestant, kept ritual etc.

  8. Puritanism • Calvinism Institutes of the Christian Religion, by John Calvin, 1536. • Predestination. • Good works could not save those predestined for hell. • No one could be certain of their spiritual status. • Gnawing doubts led to constantly seeking signs of “conversion.” • Puritans: They are Calvinists. In particular, they: • Want to totally reform [purify] the Church of England. • Grew impatient with the slow process of Protestant Reformation back in England.

  9. Separatists • Separatist Beliefs: • Puritans who believed only “visible saints” [those who could demonstrate in front of their fellow Puritans their elect status] should be admitted to church membership. • Because the Church of England enrolled all the king’s subjects, Separatists felt they had to share churches with the “damned.” • Therefore, they believed in a total break from the Church of England.

  10. Covenant Theology • “Covenant of Grace”: • between Puritan communities and God. • “Social Covenant”: • Between members of Puritan communities with each other. • Required mutual watchfulness. • No toleration of deviance or disorder. • No privacy.

  11. Period 3: Seating chart 21. Jacquit R. 22. Erin S. 23. Edgar S. 24. Lucas T. 25. Kayla W. Do Now: Find your seat and take out your homework (defined terms from the reading). Take out & read the Mayflower Compact. 11. Annie F. 12. Zoe F. 13. Ian J. 14. Anthony J. 15. Lena J. 16. Benjamin K. 17. Mecca M. 18. Alex O. 19. Wendy P. 20. Julian Q. 1. Nicole A. 2. Carl B. 3. Jaylen B. 4. Laura C. 5. Maurice C. 6. Shon C. 7. Joyce D. 8. CJ E. 9. Jamie E. 10. Rose E.

  12. Period 5: Seating Chart 11. Trevaun H. 12. Rownak I. 13. Daniel K. 14. Chris K. 15. Beatrice M. 16. Camryn M. 17. Skyler M. 18. Lizz M. 19. Gabe M. 20. Jasmine M. 21. David N. 22. LaRyah R. 23. Paul R. 24. Jizelle S. 25. Sulmerixey S. 26. Maggie S. 27. Scott T. 28. Cecelia W. 29. Billy W. 30. Amber W. • Max A. • Alex C. • Tirza C. • Benjamina C. • Jawanzah C. • Asya C. • Charles F. • Brianna G. • Ian G. • Quinn H.

  13. The Mayflower CompactNovember 11/21, 1620 Why was this document written? Describe the context for it. Annotate as I read it. In what ways does the MC reflect the religious beliefs of the colonists? Define compact. Find another word in the text with a similar meaning. How do the colonists feel about King James? Find evidence in the text. Explain what is meant by the phrase, “civil Body Politick” by using what you know AND by finding words in the text that explain it. 5. Do they sound ready to wage a war for independence? Why or why not? 6. The Mayflower Compact is considered to be a founding governing document in US History. Why?

  14. Tues., Sept. 10th – Periods 3&5 Objective: By the end of the period, scholars will be able to determine the ways in which Puritan society changed over time. UNIT 1 MULTIPLE CHOICE TEST ON MONDAY Sept. 16th; FRQ on Tues. Sept. 17th. Reading Assignment due Sept. 12: Read and take 2-4 pages of notes on Brinkley, pg. 40-48. As you take notes, be sure to define and explain the significance of the following as you take notes: 1. Plymouth Plantation2. Massachusetts Bay Company 3. Anne Hutchinson 4. Pequot War 5. Metacomet6. King Philip’s War Agenda: -The Mayflower Compact -Great Migration -A Modell of Christian Charity -How did the values and beliefs of Puritans influence the New England colonies? -FRQ: Spanish vs. English vs. French settlements -America, the Story of Us

  15. That First Year…. • Winter of 1620-1621 • Only 44 out of the original 102 survived. • None chose to leave in 1621 when the Mayflower sailed back. • Fall of 1621  First “Thanksgiving.” • Colony survived with fur, fish, and lumber. • Plymouth stayed small and economically unimportant. • 1691  only 7,000 people • Merged with Massachusetts Bay Colony.

  16. William Bradford Self-taught scholar. Chosen governor of Plymouth 30 times in yearly elections. Worried about settlements of non-Puritans springing up nearby and corrupting Puritan society.

  17. Plymouth Plantation

  18. The Massachusetts Bay Colony • 1629  non-Separatists got a royal charter to form the MA Bay Co. • 1630  1,000 people set off in 11 well-stocked ships • Established a colony with Boston as its hub. • “Great Migration” of the 1630s • Turmoil in England [leading to the English Civil War] sent about 70,000 Puritans to America. • Not all Puritans  20,000 came to MA.

  19. John Winthrop • Well-off attorney and manor lord in England. • A Modell of Christian Charity. • Became 1st governor of Massachusetts. • Believed that he had a “calling” from God to lead there. • Served as governor or deputy-governor for 19 years. Reference to Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:14) ..we shall be as a City on a hill.The eyes of all people are upon us.

  20. A Modell of Christian Charity • Summarize the 1st paragraph in 1-2 sentences • Summarize the 2nd paragraph in 1-2 sentences.

  21. A Modell of Christian Charity by John Winthrop “…we must be knit together, in this work, as one man. We must entertain each other in brotherly affection. We must be willing to abridge ourselves of our superfluities, for the supply of others’ necessities. We must uphold a familiar commerce together in all meekness, gentleness, patience and liberality. We must delight in each other; make others’ conditions our own; rejoice together, mourn together, labor and suffer together, always having before our eyes our commission and community in the work, as members of the same body. … We shall find that the God of Israel is among us, when ten of us shall be able to resist a thousand of our enemies; when He shall make us a praise and glory that men shall say of succeeding plantations, "may the Lord make it like that of New England. For we must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us. So that if we shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world.”

  22. Free Response Question • FRQ: 2006 AP Question: Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest, the English colonies in New England, and the French Colonies in the North in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: Politics • Religion • Economic development.

  23. Exit Pass • What are the key ideas in the Mayflower Compact and “A Modell of Christian Charity”? • Quote the text in your answer.