The Settlement of New England. Susan Pojer / Pamela K. Montague. Produces Puritanism Martin Luther – Bible alone is source of God’s word John Calvin / Calvinism Dominant theology in ALL colonies Humans weak & wicked due to original sin Predestination on eternal salvation
of New England
Susan Pojer / Pamela K. Montague
Martin Luther – Bible alone is source of God’s word
John Calvin / Calvinism
Dominant theology in ALL colonies
Humans weak & wicked due to original sin
Predestination on eternal salvation
Good works CANNOT save the damned, but…
Have to look for signs of conversion- VISIBLE SAINTS
Anglicans didn’t advocate ARMINIANISM– it’s heresy- but suggested good works might get God to change mind
Fear of James I
Married to a Catholic
No advances under him for Protestantism except King James version of BibleProtestant Reformation
What’s the difference?
“visible saints” should get church membership
1608 migrated to Holland (Netherlands) but…
Form joint-stock company & migrate to America in 1620
100 people/35 are Pilgrims - on Mayflower; 66 days
Headed to Northern Virginia
Landed north of their destination at Cape Cod Bay and stayed
Entered into because Pilgrims were outside control of Virginia Co.
Early example that society should be based on rules set by its own members
The Mayflower CompactNovember 11, 1620
Elected 30 times!
Approx. 70,000 Puritans left England during the Great Migration
Most went to West Indies
Small group settles in Salem, MA in 1629
Boston founded, 1630
10,000 in MA by 1640
Great Migration, 1620-1650
Approximately 1,000 to MA in 1630 - Boston
Come in family units
Create elected legislature – General Court – how is membership limited?
Limited to male church members who are “visible saints”
What do they see as the purpose of government?
enforcing God’s lawMassachusetts Bay Colony
Governor of Massachusetts
“We shall be as a city on a hill, the eyes of all people are upon us. . .”
“Liberty of Conscience”
Why does he become unpopular with his congregation?
Where does he go?
What is antinomianism?
What ultimately happens to her?
Individualistic / Independent
Complete freedom of religion – Catholics & Jews
No oaths, no church attendance, no taxes
Universal manhood suffrage (later, require property)
Founder is Rev. Thomas Hooker
1st written Constitution – Fundamental Orders…
Many Boston Puritans
Settled for fishing, trading
Maine gets absorbed by MA Bay Colony
NH becomes royal colony by 1679Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire
The more English that arrive & push inland,
the less peace there is with the Indians.
First war between natives & Europeans in British North America.
First “war” between Indians and Europeans in English North America
(King Phillip) forms Indian alliance and launches vicious attacks on the colonies - 52 Puritan towns attacked & 12 entirely destroyed.
His defeat in 1676 is a lasting defeat for New England’s Indians
What happened to him?
Joined NE + NY & NJ together
Sir Edmund Andros – openly
For control – enforce the Navigation Laws
Smuggling becomes reputable in colonies
Andros taxed w/o consent; no town meetings
Glorious Revolution (William & Mary, 1688) brings end
MA loses charter – royal colony
ALL male property owners now have suffrage, not just church members
SALUTARY NEGLECT sets in!D0MINION OF NEW ENGLAND
Why is life
so high in
Population dispersing away from town to outlying farms….outside control of church
Led to Halfway Covenant,1662
Partial church membership, but no vote
Children can be baptized
Salem Witchcraft Trials
1692 - - Causes?
How did they end?
Cotton Mather?Disruptions in New England Society