Survivor Year 5 Integrated Unit
Lesson 1 Learning Goal To identify what we know, what we want to know and how we are going to find out about coastal environments.
Brainstorm! How does climate influence different life forms? What are the benefits/impacts on the different life forms? How have different life forms adapted?
Lesson 1b Learning Goal To know who the first white inhabitants where on the Sunshine Coast and how they survived.
First Inhabitants John Finnegan, Thomas Pamphlet and Richard Parsons were ticket-of-leave convicts who were travelling south from Sydney to Illawarra district to buy cedar, when they were caught in a storm and eventually wrecked on the shore of Moreton Island in 1823.
Survival They spent five months travelling by canoe up the Brisbane River (Un-Named at the Time), then to Bribie Island where the local Aborigines, NingyNingy People, supplied them with fish and showed them how to dig for, treat, and cook fern roots.
Aboriginal Assistance • They lived for 8 months with several Aboriginal tribes, including the GubbiGubbi tribe of the Sunshine Coast area, who fed them fish and fernroot. • The Aboriginal people thought the white people were the ghosts of dead kinsmen due to their pale colour.
Return to civilisation After a time, anxious to get back to Sydney, they set off north again, but Pamphlet and Finnegan returned and Parsons kept going. Two months later in November of that year of 1823, Pamphlet and Finnegan were rescued by John Oxley in the Mermaid. Parsons had to Wait another year for his rescue, until Oxley returned.
Story of the Castaways http://www.seqhistory.com/index.php/explorer-south-east-queensland/pamphlet-parsons-finnegan/52-a-curious-case-of-shipwreck
Quiz • Who were the first white inhabitants of the Sunshine Coast region? • How did the Aboriginal People react to the white people? • What did the castaways eat to survive during their time in the Sunshine Coast region? • What did they think the white people were? • How long did the castaways stay amongst the Aboriginals? • What is the name of the Aboriginal tribe of our local region?
Lesson 2a Learning Goal 1 Know the geographical and climatic features of coastal environments.
Coastal Environment • Coastlines are dynamic environments. • Thin strip between the sea and land. • Constantly changing shape and form. • Wave action shifts sand, erodes cliffs, builds walls. • Salt water environment • Tidal action means waterlogged and exposed. • Hot and exposed.
Waves • Waves are one of the most enjoyable features of the the ocean. You can ride them, jump over them, dive under them, simply watch then gently roll in, or gasp as they crash and roar during a big swell. • Waves are generated by winds blowing across the ocean surface. • Waves always break in generally shallow water. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VmNEzRsYN0M
Wave formation • Wind Strength: the stronger the wind, the bigger the swell. • Wind Direction: the wind needs to push the waves towards the beach for there to be surf. Sometimes beaches are also protected by headlands or reefs which stop waves from reaching the beach. • Wind Duration or Fetch: the distance the wind has been blown over the ocean. The bigger the fetch, the bigger and cleaner the surf will be.
Types of waves • Spilling or rolling waves: are found where there are generally flat shorelines. These are generally safer types of waves. They occur when the crest breaks onto the wave face itself. • Plunging or dumping waves: create a hollow tube when they break. Surfers call this the ‘barrel’ or ‘tube’.. Plunging waves are particularly dangerous as they can pick people up and ‘dump’ them onto shallow sandbanks or reefs with great force. • Surging Waves:may never actually break as they approach the water’s edge since the water is very deep. They are commonly seen around rock platforms and beaches with steep shorelines. They are dangerous because they can appear suddenly and knock people over before dragging them back into deeper water.
Coastal HabitatsEnvironmental Factors • Describe a coastal environment. • Think about the following and describe each of the following in a coastal environment and compare to a bushland environment.
Environmental Challenges • What are the key environmental challenges that each of the following have to overcome?
Quiz • How are waves generated? • What are two types of waves? • What are 2 major features of coastal environments? • What is the major difference between coastal and inland water? • What is meant by a coastal environment being dynamic? • Name 2 environmental challenges that a coastal plant might have to face. • Name 2 environmental challenges that a coastal animal might have to face.
Lesson 2b Learning Goal 2 Understand what adaptation is and be able to identify the different types of adaptation.
Adaptation • Adaptation is the alteration in the structure or function of an organism or any of its parts that results from natural selection and by which the organism becomes better fitted to survive and multiply in its environment. ADAPTATION INCREASES CHANCE OF SURVIVAL! There are 3 types of adaptation…
1. Structural Adaptation • Structural adaptations refer to the special body parts of an organism that help it to survive in its natural habitat • Changes to parts of animal/plants. Eg. Bird beaks, eye lids, spines or spikes, fur.
Behavioural Adaptation • Behavioural adaptations are ways in which a particular organism behaves in order to survive in its natural habitat. • Herds, migration, nocturnal, mating dance, flowers closing.
Functional/Physiological Adaptation • Functional adaptations refer to the working of an organism's body in order to survive in its natural habitat. • Chemical defenses in skin, diving adaptations, self pruning, water storage.
Viewing • http://splash.abc.net.au/media/-/m/86152/how-plants-survive-in-different-places?source=upper-primary-science • http://splash.abc.net.au/media/-/m/85976/how-do-mangrove-trees-survive-?source=upper-primary-science
Coastal Adaptations • Thinking about the environmental challenges that coastal life faces, what are some of the adaptations species have made to survive in that environment?
Quiz • What is adaptation? • What are 3 possible causes for adaptation? • Describe what structural adaptation is and give an example. • Describe what behavioural adaptation is and give an example. • Describe what functional adaptation is and give an example. • What structural adaptation could an animal make to increase its chances of survival in cold conditions?
Lesson Learning Goal Be able to identify some common marine organisms.
Marine Classification • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ebXXfFk7c2M
Marine Classification • 1. Protozoa ------Amoeba, foraminifera, radiolaria • 2. Porifera -----Sponges • 3. Cnidaria -----Coral, Jellyfish, sea anemones. • 4. Platyhelminthes--- Flatworms, tapeworms. • 5. Nematoda----- Roundworms. • 6. Annelida----- Segmented worms (nereis). • 7. Mollusca---- Snails, squids, bivalves, octopus • 8. Arthropoda---- Crabs, shrimp, barnacles, krill. • 9. Echinodermata---- Sea urchins, sea stars, sea cucumbers. 10. Chordata---- Tunicates, fish, birds, reptiles, mammals.