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Aim: How did the monarchy in England gain power during th e late Middle Ages ? PowerPoint Presentation
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Aim: How did the monarchy in England gain power during th e late Middle Ages ? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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D. Merchants who set up a new town would ask the king for protection and for a charter (a document that guaranteed the rights of all the citizens in the town) . In return, the merchants paid the king taxes. . Aim: How did the monarchy in England gain power during th e late Middle Ages ?.

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slide1
D. Merchants who set up a new town would ask the king for protection and for a charter (a document that guaranteed the rights of all the citizens in the town). In return, the merchants paid the king taxes.
aim how did the monarchy in england gain power during th e late middle ages
Aim: How did the monarchy in England gain power during the late Middle Ages?

Making Connections: How do you think the growth of towns and the creation of charters might have helped to make the monarchy stronger?

i influence of towns on the monarchy
I. Influence of Towns on the Monarchy
  • Townspeople are willing to pay taxes to the king to get protection from him
  • King can now afford to hire soldiers – does not have to depend on lords to supply fighting men
  • Power of the kings increases, power of the lords decreases – feudalism starts to decline!
ii rise of nation states
II. Rise of Nation-States
  • With monarchs in England and France gaining power, these areas can start to become nation-states. What is a nation-state?
slide5

B. Nation-State: An independent nation of people having a common culture and identity. How we think of countries today.

iii english kings
III. English Kings
  • William the Conqueror (of Normandy) (rules England from 1066-1087)
  • Battle of Hastings (1066): Invades England, defeats King Harold and the Anglo-Saxons, becomes king.
  • CombinesAnglo-Saxonand Norman ideas and languages
  • Creates the Domesday Book: A census with detailed records of land ownership.
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B.Henry II (Rules England 1154-1189)

  • Strengthens the power of the royal courts: Brings more criminal and property cases before these courts
  • Develops Common Law: Law that was common to the whole kingdom
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3. Tries to bring the church under the control of the royal courts by appointing his friend Thomas a Becket to be archbishop of Canterbury. Beckett refuses to give in to Henry, and gets assassinated.

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C.John I (Rules England 1199-1216): Lost English lands in Normandy and northern France to the French, became known as “John Softsword”

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Nobles force him to Sign the Magna Carta in 1215

- Guarantees basic political rights (you can’t tax people unless they are represented in the government, jury trial, protection of the law)

- Feudal document: Originally, it only gives rights to lords and nobles.

- What statement does the Magna Carta make about the power of the king?