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Medieval Art. Transition from Greek, to Roman, to Middle Ages. Greek Idealism. Roman Realism. Middle Ages Religious. General Notes on Medieval Art. From the 13 th Century to the 15 th Century almost all art was paid for by the Church. Generalizations: Lacks depth or perspective

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Medieval Art


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transition from greek to roman to middle ages
Transition from Greek, to Roman, to Middle Ages

Greek

Idealism

Roman

Realism

Middle Ages

Religious

general notes on medieval art
General Notes on Medieval Art
  • From the 13th Century to the 15th Century almost all art was paid for by the Church.
  • Generalizations:
    • Lacks depth or perspective
    • Figures are stiff and elongated
    • Facial expressions lack emotion
    • Background frequently a solid color
slide13

Madonna Enthroned

Duccio

c. 1285

giotto
Giotto
  • Student of Cimabue
  • Breaks with medieval style
    • New volume and vitality for figures
    • Drapery falls naturally
    • Throne more believable space
  • Some medieval characteristics
    • Gold haloes
    • Inconsistent scale

Madonna Enthroned

giotto di bondone
Giotto di Bondone
  • Giotto was the most important Italian painter of the 14th century
  • Father of European painting
  • First of the great Italian masters from Florence
giotto1
Giotto
  • Arena Chapel in Padua
  • Frescoes
  • Life of the Virgin, Life of Christ, Passion of Christ
giotto3
Giotto
  • Eyes rest on action, they do not move around
  • 3-dimensional reality
  • Figures, rather than architecture, create the space

Giotto, Lamentation 1305-06

giotto vs duccio
Giotto vs. Duccio

Duccio Christ Entering Jerusalem

Giotto Christ Entering Jerusalem

slide24

Annunciation

Simon Martini, 1333

les tres riches heures
Les Tres Riches Heures
  • Limbourg Brothers (Paul, Hermann & Jean)
  • Painted 1413 – 1416
  • Example of a Medieval Book of Hours
  • Shows differences between peasants and aristocracy
february
February
  • Winter in a peasant village. The inhabitants of a farm are shown warming themselves by the fire, while in the background daily life - cutting wood, taking cattle to the market - goes on as normal.
  • Earliest snow scene in the history of western art
august
August
  • The month of hawking; the nobles, carrying falcons, are going hunting while in the background peasants are harvesting and swimming in the river.
  • Behind them is the Chateau d'Etampes.
september
September
  • Probably the most famous of the calendar images.
  • The grapes are being harvested by the peasants and carried into the beautifully detailed Chateau de Saumur.
october
October
  • Tilling and sowing are being carried out by the peasants, in the shadow of the Louvre - Charles V's royal palace in Paris.
  • The first cast shadows since ancient Greek art
november
November
  • This is the only calendar image executed by Colombe (an apprentice)
  • The picture shows the autumn acorn harvest, with a peasant throwing sticks to knock down the acorns on which his pigs are feeding.