Cause and Effect Organization. Essay #2 “Addictions”. Using Cause & Effect to Explain. Essay #2 is an explanation Explanation can be organized as cause & effect Let’s look at cause & effect organization!. 2 Common Patterns:. Block Chain. Block. Introduction + Thesis in paragraph 1
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Cause and EffectOrganization Essay #2 “Addictions”
Using Cause & Effect to Explain • Essay #2 is an explanation • Explanation can be organized as cause & effect • Let’s look at cause & effect organization!
2 Common Patterns: Block Chain
Block • Introduction + Thesis in paragraph 1 • Body: Definition of addiction. Then, all causes are discussed as blocks in 1, 2, 3 or more paragraphs • Transition paragraph (may be 1-2 sentences long). • Effects discussed as blocks in 1, 2, 3, or more paragraphs
When to Use Block • Use when there are no direct cause & effect relationships • Use with larger topics
For Example, a paper on smoking….. The causes for someone to start smoking are varied. They may include: • Peer pressure (smoking to fit in) • Imitating Parent(s) smoking • Imitating Movie stars smoking
However….. The effects of smoking are not closely related to the causes… • “hairy tongue” • Bad breath • Stained teeth Cancer
Block Essay Structure Introduction + Thesis Definition +Cause Cause Cause Transition Effect Effect Effect Conclusion (may include solutions) Hint: Cause paragraphs and effect paragraphs don’t have to be equal! BODY
Chain • Introduction + Thesis in paragraph 1 • Definition + Cause and its effect, cause and its effect, cause and its effect in 1, 2, 3 or more paragraphs. • Paragraphs are linked together as a chain.
When to Use Chain • Use if causes & effects are closely related • Use if the topic is small.
Causes Feelings of “emptiness” Low self esteem Buying unnecessary items Effects Shop to “fill the emptiness” Shop/buy things to impress others “Max-ing out” credit cards, debt For example, in a paper on shopping addiction, the causes are closely related to the effects…
Think about your topic and decide which method fits it best, block or chain.
What about the What, Why, How? • What = definition • Why = causes • How = solutions offered in the conclusion (or as part of the effects)