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Native American History. Native American History. 1520-1820 Colonial Period 1803-1854 American Expansion 1851-1900 Reservation-Allotment 1900-1930s Indian New Deal 1950-70 Termination & Relocation 1970-2000 Civil Rights Movement. Stereotypes. Feathers & Headdresses Face Paint

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native american history1
Native American History
  • 1520-1820 Colonial Period
  • 1803-1854 American Expansion
  • 1851-1900 Reservation-Allotment
  • 1900-1930s Indian New Deal
  • 1950-70 Termination & Relocation
  • 1970-2000 Civil Rights Movement
stereotypes

Stereotypes

Feathers & Headdresses

Face Paint

Bows, Arrows, Tipis & Scalping

Drums & Songs

Chiefs

1

native american history bc
Native American History: BC
  • B.C.
  • Land Bridge Theory
  • Religion
  • White Buffalo Woman, Lacotah
  • Changing Woman, Dineh
  • White Painted Woman, Indeh

2

slide5

Changing Woman: Dineh (Navajo) Creation within the

four sacred mountains of the universe.

These mountains are in modern day Arizona, Utah and New Mexico which are among the spiritual borders for the tribe. She is a significant religious figure for the dineh in every day life.

the colonial period 1520 1820
The Colonial Period 1520-1820
  • Disease
  • Conflict
  • Social, Economic & Political Issues
  • Pan Indian Movements
  • Pope 1680 New Mexico
  • Black Hawk b. 1767 Great Lakes
  • Tecumseh 1769-1813 Ohio River Valley

3

removal policy
Removal Policy
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • War of 1812 and Andrew Jackson
  • Indian Removal Act, 101-99
  • Cherokee Nation Court Cases
  • Tribal Divisions and Conflict
  • “Old Settlers”
  • Choctaw Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek
american expansion 1803 1854
American Expansion 1803-1854
  • Indian Removal: Oklahoma
  • 5 Southeast Tribes: Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, Chickasaw, Muskogee(Creek)
  • Pacific Northwest: Nez Perce, Modoc
  • Great Plains: Cheyenne, Pawnee,
  • Great Lakes/East Coast: Delaware, Huron

Shawnee, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Sauk/Fox

Southwest: Apache, Tonkawa, Kickapoo

4

social changes
Social Changes
  • Matrilineal Societies
  • Tribal Council System
  • Religious significance of sacred sites
economic impact
Economic Impact
  • Subsistence Economy to Dependence
  • Emasculation of Men in Community
  • Focus on Agriculture difficult for many
  • Treaty commitments not realized
  • Starvation, illness
political impact
Political Impact
  • Loss of Sovereignty and government appointed Chiefs
  • Civil War in Oklahoma
the reservation system 1851 present
The Reservation System 1851-Present
  • California Gold Rush & Statehood
  • Treaty of Ft. Laramie 1851
  • The Civil War
  • Social, Economic and Political Issues

5

sarah winnemucca
Sarah Winnemucca
  • Paiute Activist
  • Tribe relocated twice
  • “Life Among the Paiutes” 1883
  • Worked for reform on reservations
  • Relatives imprisoned at Alcatraz for reform activism
acculturation assimilation program
Acculturation/Assimilation Program
  • 1864 Sand Creek Massacre
  • Boarding School System: Education, Training, Religious Instruction
  • 1879 Carlisle Indian Industrial School
  • 1883 Code of Indian Religious Offenses
  • Lateral Violence Theory

6

the dawes act 1887
The Dawes Act 1887
  • The Friends of the American Indians
  • Lake Mohonk Conference
  • Senator Henry Dawes
  • 160, 80 or 40 acres
  • 25 year trust
  • Citizenship

7

oklahoma statehood
Oklahoma Statehood
  • The Curtis Act
  • The Burke Act
  • Oil
  • Gertrude Bonnin
  • The Society of American Indians
  • Native American Church
the 1928 meriam report
The 1928 Meriam Report
  • Health: Tuberculosis, Trachoma
  • Living Conditions
  • Economic Conditions
  • Poverty
  • Suffering & Discontent
indian citizenship act 1924
Indian Citizenship Act 1924
  • WW1
  • Voting
  • Property
  • Citizenship
the indian new deal
The Indian New Deal
  • The Indian Reorganization Act 1934
  • Land Issues
  • Economic development loans
  • Education
  • Political issues: constitution
  • Most tribes divided on issues
indian reorganization act
Indian Reorganization Act
  • 1935

Montana

Flathead

Receive

New

Const.

And Bylaws

Sec.Int.

Ickes

world war ii
World War II
  • 1946 Indian Claims Commission
  • 588 Claims, by 1963 only 122 resolved
  • Ongoing process
  • 25,000 joined military
  • 40,000 worked in military industrial complex
  • Navajo Code Talkers, August 14th
termination and relocation
Termination and Relocation
  • 1953 House Concurrent Resolution 108
  • 1954-1962 61 tribes terminated
  • Relocation program
  • Urban Indian issues
  • Uranium Mining: Navajo History
  • Nuclear Testing: Shoshone History
  • Nuclear Waste: “Radioactive Rez’s”
indian removals 1950s
Indian Removals 1950s
  • Economic demand for water, uranium, coal and other natural resources on Indian land led to removals
navajo nation environmental issues
Navajo Nation: Environmental Issues
  • 1960s

252 tons

of soot

445 tons

of smog

  • 1979

1100 tons

of mud

95 million

gallons water

california urban indians 1960 165 922
California Urban Indians1960 165,922
  • Indian Non Indian
  • College 2% 10%
  • 8th grade 43% 28%
  • $ 2,800 $7,600
  • Unemployment 25% 6%
  • Living Conditions:
  • 51% Housing unsafe, 65% poor sewage
  • 45% contaminated water
urban indian issues
Urban Indian Issues
  • Friendship House Association of American Indians
  • Native American Health Clinic
  • American Indian Public Charter School
  • American Indian Family Healing Center
  • Services, Programs and Success
the civil rights movement
The Civil Rights Movement
  • American Indian Movement
  • 1972 BIA Occupation
  • 1973 Wounded Knee, 1969 Alcatraz
  • Native American Church issues
civil rights movement
Civil Rights Movement
  • 1968 Indian Civil Rights Act
  • Indian Child Welfare Act 1978
  • American Indian Religious Freedom Act 1978
  • Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act 1990
pacific northwest fishing rights
Pacific Northwest Fishing Rights
  • Janet McCloud

Tulalip Nation

1965 “Fish –Ins”

1979 50% Boldt Decision

sacred areas
Sacred Areas
  • Taos

Blue Lake

Nixon Policy

48,000 acres

Carson Ntl.

Forest