California Native American History. Origins- Native Point of View. Tribal Creation Stories We have been here since time immemorial The first people on this land were the animal people Our people were created from the earth All stories give us a connection to the land we are from.
Southern CA tribes receive Reservations in late 1800’s.
Not all tribes received Reservations
Dispossession of tribal lands
Rancherias were created for “homeless” tribes
Not all landless tribes received Rancherias
Tribes that did not receive land may not be recognized by the federal government as a “Tribe”Reservations and Rancherias
Many contemporary tribes adopted IRA Constitutions
Worked to reduce the privatization of tribes’ common holdings
Eroded many forms of traditional tribal governance
Some tribes that were not previously recognized organized under the IRATribal Government- 1934
Reservations and Rancherias may not be in a Tribe’s ancestral territory.
Cultural entitiesToday’s Tribes