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Native American. Test Review. Housing/Shelter in the Southwest…. Use brick of adobe (sun-baked clay). Built thick-walled houses to protect from the summer heat and winter cold. Villages looked like apartment houses that could reach up to 4 stories high. Northwest Coast food supply….

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native american

Native American

Test Review

housing shelter in the southwest
Housing/Shelter in the Southwest…
  • Use brick of adobe (sun-baked clay).
  • Built thick-walled houses to protect from the summer heat and winter cold.
  • Villages looked like apartment houses that could reach up to 4 stories high.
northwest coast food supply
Northwest Coast food supply…
  • Gathered clams, shellfish and seaweed from shallow waters.
  • Hunted seals, sea lions, whales and halibut.
  • Some forests may have provided deer, moose, bear and elk.
importance of the buffalo in the great plains
Importance of the Buffalo in the Great Plains…
  • Was the main food for the plains people.
  • Hides were turned into shields, waterproof containers, warm robes, and bedding.
  • Used for weapons (bones-knives, spears and hair-bow strings)
  • Bones also used for eating (bowls and spoons)
surviving in any region
Surviving in any region…
  • Native Americans had to ADAPT in any region in which they resided.
  • Some also had seasonal adaptations, food gathering adaptations, storms, travel and terrain, etc.
migration to north america
Migration to North America…
  • Native from Siberia/Asia migrated across the Beringia land bridge between 10,000-20,000 years ago.
  • They were thought to be following animal herds for hunting.
regional terrain
Regional Terrain…
  • Northwest Coast-Ocean coastline, thick forests, rugged mountains
  • California- Ocean coastline, valley’s, deserts, Sierra Nevada Mountain Range
  • Great Basin-Low area between Sierra Nevada and Rocky mountain ranges. Mostly desert.
  • Plateau-Mountain ranges and Fraser River. Dense forest and some grasslands.
  • Southwest-Colorado and Rio Grande rivers, canyons, deserts, mountains
  • Great Plains- Treeless grasslands
  • Eastern Woodlands-Forests, lakes, rivers, fertile soils for cropping
  • Southeast-Coastal plains, river valleys, mountains and swamps.
  • Environment-Physical surroundings in a place
  • Natural Resources- Useful materials found in nature
  • Migrate- To move from one place and establish a home in a new place
  • Replenish- to fill, or build up again.
  • Adapt- Change so that you can fit into your surroundings.
  • Cultural Region- Area in which a group of people share similar culture and language
private property
Private property…
  • How did the Native Americans feel about people claiming property as their own?
regional climate
Regional Climate…
  • Northwest Coast- Winters are cold, but not icy. Summers are cool
  • California- Winter rains. Summers are hot an dry
  • Great Basin- Very cold in winter, very hot in the summer.
  • Plateau- Long, cold winters, gentle summers
  • Southwest-Hot and dry
  • Great Plains- Cold winters, hot summers
  • Eastern Woodlands-Snowy winters, rainy summers
  • Southeast- Humid summers, mild winters