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Caroline Giroux How to gain credibility? • Identification of my interests • My deepening question • Theoretical frame • The methodology • Results presentation • Results analysis By learning you will teach; by teaching you will understand. (Latin Proverb)
Identification of My Interests • After a discussion with my CT… • … work on my credibility • as a teacher Professional Identity
Deepening Question How to gain credibility? Credibility is not the same for everyone How do I gain credibility ?
Theoretical Frame • Def. of credibility : the fact or quality of being credible. • Def. of credible: adjective that means to be believable; reliable; trustworthy. Gage Canadian Dictionary
Dimensions of Credibility • Competence • Trustworthiness • Caring (Thweatt & McCroskey, 1998) • Dynamism (McCroskey & Young, 1981) • Teacher immediacy( Myers, Zhong, & Guan, 1998)
Why Should We Be Credible? • Motivation (Pogue & AhYun, 2006; Teven, 2007) • Difficulty to learn (Beatty & Behnke, 1980) • T’s effectiveness (McCroskey & Richmond, 1992) • Ss’ apprehension (McCroskey & Richmond, 1992)
Ways of Enhancing Your Credibility • Trust : • having positive relationship • being respectful • being honest and sincere • Competence • being organized(Lucas, 1998) • delivering the content errorless • having solid lesson plans
Ways of Enhancing Your Credibility • Teacher immediacy • looking comfortable in your classroom (McCrosky & Richmond, 1992) • smiling and adopting a relax posture (Frymier & Thompson, 1992) • walking amongst students (Gorham, 1988; Richmond, Gorham, & McCroskey, 1987) • scanning the group Having Ss’ interests and success at heart
Methodology • 123 Participants: • 96 students in sec. 5 • 27 students in sec. 4 • Phase 1: Criteria to Consider • Phase 2: What is Credibility? • Phase 3: What is My Credibility? • Phase 4: How Do I Gain Credibility?
Results Presentation and Analysis: Phase 1 Shyness Self-Confidence Ready to listen to Sociability General Knowledge Respectfulness Prompt interventions Interesting Aims at Ss’ successReputation Comprehensiveness Flexibility Complicity with Ss Open Dynamic Innovator Patience Humour Enthusiasm Coherence Preparedness Curriculum Routine Explanations Smiling Caring Authority Tolerance Assurance Personality Mental Alertness Professionalism Kindness Seriousness Motivates Ss Body language Posture Physical appearance Gender Clothing Voice Linguistic proficiency
#1 Self-confidence • no miracle solution • ways to become more confident • inhabit the room in which you teach • look comfortable in your classroom (McCroskey & Richmond, 1992) • eye contact (Kearney & Plax, 1999) • connect and feel your group • enter ‘their bubble’(Gorham, 1988; Richmond, Gorham, & McCrosky, 1987) • be competent …
Competence… • analyse your teaching(Denis Boivin, 2010) • always stay ‘on the edge’ (Denis Boivin, 2010) • deliver the message in an interesting way • are prepared • know which examples you will use • connect with your audience’s reality • know which transition you will make • know where you will stand • know what you will write on the board • etc. • organise your lesson so that Ss are mentally engaged throughout the hour that they spend with you
Results Presentation and Analysis: Phase 2 92% (107 Ss) 7% (8 Ss) 1% (1 S)
Results Presentation and Analysis: Phase 3 What is MY Credibility?
Results Presentation and Analysis: Phase 3 87% (97 Ss) 0% (0 S) 13% (16 Ss)
Results Analysis: Phase 4 • Believing in yourself and in your competencies • Being able to change things that were fossilized • ‘She will become a leader in her domain’
Conclusion Credibility is more than a quality; it is a state of mind. You need to believe in yourself for others to believe in you.