Click Here: Introduction to Islam. Islam. Islam means ‘peace through submission’ to the revealed will of Allah. Muslim (a follower of Islam) means ‘one who submits’. Aims: To understand the meaning of Islam. To know about the geographical and historical background to Islam.
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Islam means ‘peace through submission’ to the revealed will of Allah.
Muslim (a follower of Islam) means ‘one who submits’.
Muhammad demanded that all idols should be removed from the Kaaba (‘the house of God’). He said that the Kaaba should be used exclusively for the worship of Allah.
The key doctrines of Islam are known as the five articles of faith.
Muslims worship in a Mosque, which means ‘a place of prostration’. A mosque serves two functions:
Minaret – the tower from which the muezzin (crier) calls Muslims to prayer.
Minbar – a raised platform from which the imam gives the sermon and leads prayers.
Mihrab – an alcove in a wall that points towards Mecca.
Communal Prayer – everyone sits on rows on the floor to emphasise the belief that everyone is equal before Allah. However, men and women pray in separate areas.
Wudu area– where ritual washing is carried out before worship begins.
Decoration – mosques are decorated only with calligraphy and geometric designs. The Qur’an forbids the drawing or painting of any image of Allah, which would be Shirk (blasphemy).
Later a dispute broke out about how the caliph should be chosen. Two groups formed:
There has been a deep rift within Islam since the assassination of Ali in 661 CE. Two factions developed over how the caliph should be chosen:
They also disagree on the text of the Qur’an: