The Cold War. HIST 1004 4/15/13. The Iron Curtain.
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“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest, and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I
must call the Soviet sphere, and all are
subject, in one for or another, not only
to Soviet influence but to a very high
and in some cases increasing measure
of control from Moscow”
– Winston Churchill, 1946
interest in organizations and alliances for
Mutual defense and preservation of peace.
(NATO) (1949): US, Belgium, the
Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, United
Kingdom, Canada, Portugal, Italy, Norway,
Denmark, and Iceland.
Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany,
Hungary, Poland, and Romania
France, Great Britain, US, and USSR/Russia) and ten rotating
members with two year terms.
bureaucracy carry out day
to day business.
members of the Security Council
but observers and
monitored truces and other
in poverty, racial
most actions through
often preferred the Soviet
model as the key to growth
of West Berlin
with US and Chinese allies
guerrilla movement looking to
bring down South Vietnam
government corrupt and largely
proves their military ability, inspires
and United States
(and China) in developing more
powerful nuclear weapons
Union to “a smoking, radiating ruin at
the end of two hours”
response to Cuban revolution pushes
Soviet Union to support Castro,
station nuclear missiles in Cuba as a
agree to ban testing of nuclear weapons
(Uzbekistan) almost leads to nuclear war
Non-Proliferation Treaty, signed by 137