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Renaissance Writing: Structure to the EXTREME!. British Literature Mrs. Leach. Take NOTES!. It is crucial that you take notes on this presentation. The end of this lesson will culminate into YOU writing a Shakespearean Sonnet. You cannot do that if you don’t have the instructions!

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take notes
Take NOTES!
  • It is crucial that you take notes on this presentation. The end of this lesson will culminate into YOU writing a Shakespearean Sonnet. You cannot do that if you don’t have the instructions!
  • This presentation is on my website.
elizabethan poets
Elizabethan Poets
  • Like modern song writers, Elizabethan poets used strongly emotional language to express their love. They often used a SONNET form.
sonnet
Sonnet
  • 14 line-lyric poem with a single theme.
  • Each line is IAMBIC PENTAMETER or 5 groups of 2 syllables
  • WE WILL TALK MORE ABOUT THIS LATER. FIRST YOU NEED TO LEARN THE BEAT.
scansion
SCANSION
  • What you will be doing is called scansion, or the analysis of a poem’s beat/meter.
poetic meter
POETIC METER
  • A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. It is a rhythmic “beat” like the steady pulse that brings you into music.
  • VIDEOlisten for the BEAT!!
finding the beat
Finding the BEAT
  • Think about how people say your name. Where is the emphasis placed? What syllable sticks out? Take a few moments to discuss a few classmates names and where you place emphasis.

Examples:

  • saMANtha *GINger

*DAvid *aLEXus *Kevin

Don’t put the wrong emPHAsis on the wrong syLAble!

basic feet
Basic Feet

The basic meter feet or “beats” are :

7. PYRRHIC

8. AMPHIBRACH

9. AMPHIMACER

**you will need to memorize these!!

  • 1. IAMB
  • 2. TROCHEE
  • 3. ANAPEST
  • 4. DACTYL
  • 5. SPONDEE
  • 6. CAESURA
slide10
IAMB
  • Definition: a metrical foot consisting of one unstressed and one stressed
  • Symbols: u /
  • Example: RELIEF
trochee
TROCHEE
  • Definition: a foot consisting of one stressed and one unstressed
  • Symbols: / u
  • apple
  • Hubble, bubble, toil and trouble
  • Fire burn and cauldron bubble.
anapest
ANAPEST
  • Definition: a metrical foot consisting of two unstressed and one stressed
  • Symbols: u u /
  • Example: introduce

Twas the night before Christmas and all through the house,

Not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse.’

dactyl
DACTYL
  • Definition: a metrical foot consisting of one stressed and 2 unstressed
  • symbol: / u u
  • Example: broccoli
  • A famous example of dactylic meter is in the first few lines of ‘The Lost Leader’ by Robert Browning:
  • Just for a handful of silver he left us
  • Just for a rib and to stick in his coat
spondee
SPONDEE
  • Definition:  foot consisting of two stressed syllables

Symbols: / /

Example: Hog-wild

caesura
CAESURA

Definition: a pause

Symbols: I I

*please note that these are different than the Spondee

pyrrhic
PYRRHIC

Definition: two unstressed syllables.

  • Symbols: u u
amphimacer
AMPHIMACER

Definition: a metrical foot containing a stressed, unstressed, and a stressed.

Symbols: / u /

Example: happy days, la-di-dah

Annie Hall's often-quoted line from the movie of that name is spoken as a amphimacer: "La-di-dah!”

CLIP VIDEO

amphibrach
AMPHIBRACH
  • Definition: A metrical foot containing an unstressed, stressed, unstressed.
  • Symbol: u / u
  • Example: Limericks often contain an element of amphibrachic meter. You can hear it in this first line: “There once was a lady called Joan”
video
VIDEO
  • Watch this video to help reinforce the information you have just learned.
  • LINK (watch to 7:09) then pause for the next several slides.
practice the metrical pattern

On a sheet of paper, write down the following phrases. Identify the metrical foot of each. Keep in mind to focus on which part of the word gets the most emphasis.

EXAMPLE: I seek to hold the wind

1. Best of all, victory!

2. I bought a car today.

3. Look for hidden pitfalls.

4. In the cool of the night.

Practice the Metrical Pattern

U- unstressed

-stressed

practice the metrical pattern1

Answers

Best of all, victory!

I bought a car today.

Look for hidden pitfalls.

In the cool of the night.

Practice the Metrical Pattern
slide22
In addition, SCANSION means you have to count up the amount of feet used. There are names for this too!!
slide23
Dimeter: 2ft./lineTrimeter: 3ft./lineTetrameter: 4ft./linePentameter: 5ft./lineHexameter: 6ft./lineThe most common? Pentameter
quatrain
Quatrain

A stanza of four lines.

the turn volta
The TURN/VOLTA

A shift in the nature of the SONNET where it begins responding to itself.

slide27

For the rest of the class: 1. Pass out the “Rhythm, Meter, and Scansion Made Easy” worksheet.2. Then work on the “Think, Pair, Share Activity 1”