the english renaissance 1485 1625 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The English Renaissance 1485-1625 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The English Renaissance 1485-1625

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

The English Renaissance 1485-1625 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 890 Views
  • Uploaded on

The English Renaissance 1485-1625. Renaissance-flowering of literary, artistic, and intellectual development Began in Italy in the fourteenth century Medici family/banking “Rebirth” of intellectual and artistic energies that characterized ancient Rome and Greece

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The English Renaissance 1485-1625' - Mercy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
the english renaissance 1485 1625
The English Renaissance1485-1625
  • Renaissance-flowering of literary, artistic, and intellectual development
  • Began in Italy in the fourteenth century
    • Medici family/banking
  • “Rebirth” of intellectual and artistic energies that characterized ancient Rome and Greece
  • Also a time of territorial exploration and discovery>both in Asia and the Americas
the english renaissance 1485 1625 the tudor dynasty
The English Renaissance1485-1625>The Tudor Dynasty
  • Henry VII married Elizabeth of York
  • Ended the Wars of the Roses
  • Symbol>the Tudor rose
    • Eight-petaled design that combined the old white (York) and the red (Lancaster) designs
  • Ruled the country for more than a century
  • Time of stability and confidence
  • Progress of the Renaissance in England>slow and fitful
the english renaissance 1485 1625 the tudor dynasty4
The English Renaissance1485-1625>The Tudor Dynasty
  • Henry the VIII came to the throne when his father died in 1509
    • Willful and audacious man
    • Wanted to be thought of as “enlightened Prince of the Renaissance”
    • Brought stability; made court patronage of artists/writers possible
    • Sir Thomas More’s Utopia (Greek for “no place”)
      • First masterpiece of English Renaissance
      • Center of active/brilliant circle>Humanists>Erasmus
the english renaissance 1485 1625 the tudor dynasty7
The English Renaissance1485-1625>The Tudor Dynasty
  • Sir Thomas Wyatt/Henry Howard, Earl of Surry
    • Two gifted poets in Henry’s court
    • Sonnets>based on Italian (Petrarchan) style
  • Movement of religious protest
    • Martin Luther>Germany>Ninety-five Theses
      • Objections to church abuses
      • Became Protestant Reformation
    • No religious alignment for England>political
the english renaissance 1485 1625 the tudor dynasty8
The English Renaissance1485-1625>The Tudor Dynasty
  • Henry VIII>married Catherine of Aragon(#1)
    • Spanish>Roman Catholic>no male heir
    • Henry wanted divorce>Pope refused
    • Henry had marriage annulled
    • Mary>daughter=illegitimate
  • The Act of Supremacy>Henry=head of church and state>Anglican church established
  • Sir Thomas More refused to swear allegiance to Henry>imprisoned/executed (A Man for All Seasons)
the english renaissance 1485 1625 the tudor dynasty12
The English Renaissance1485-1625>The Tudor Dynasty
  • Henry kept mass, all rites, left doctrine unchanged
  • Henry’s six wives:
    • Catherine of Aragon---Mary Tudor (Bloody Mary)
    • Anne Boleyn---Elizabeth I
    • Jane Seymour---Edward VI
    • Anne of Cleves
    • Catherine Howard
    • Catherine Parr
  • “Divorced, beheaded, died; divorced, beheaded, survived”
the english renaissance 1485 1625 the tudor dynasty13
The English Renaissance1485-1625>The Tudor Dynasty
  • Henry died in 1547>succeeded by nine-year old son>Edward VI>died of tuberculosis at fourteen
  • Edward VI succeeded by Mary Tudor (Mary I, Bloody Mary)
    • Wife of Phillip II of Spain
    • Instituted a reign of terror against Protestants
    • Had Elizabeth imprisoned in Tower of London
      • Two months>then put her under house arrest at country estates for five years
    • Died after five-year reign
    • Succeeded by Protestant half-sister>Elizabeth
the english renaissance 1485 1625 the tudor dynasty elizabeth i 1558 1603
The English Renaissance1485-1625>The Tudor DynastyElizabeth I (1558-1603)

Only 25 when she came to the throne

Schooled in French, Italian, Spanish, Greek, and Latin

Mother>Anne Boleyn, 2nd wife of Henry VIII

Had a sharp intellect & excellent Renaissance education

Accomplished linguist & poet

Clever, skillful diplomat>shred, even ruthless politician

the english renaissance 1485 1625 the tudor dynasty elizabeth i 1558 160315
The English Renaissance1485-1625>The Tudor DynastyElizabeth I (1558-1603)

Internal tension between Protestants and Catholics

Promoted peace and prosperity

Moderate religious course

Foreign affairs>the wonder of the era

Balanced financial affairs with realistic ingenuity

the english renaissance 1485 1625 the tudor dynasty elizabeth i 1558 160316
The English Renaissance1485-1625>The Tudor DynastyElizabeth I (1558-1603)
  • Leader in pursuing explorations to the New World
  • Sir Francis Drake>Golden Hind
    • First Englishman to circumnavigate the world
    • Pirate>preyed on Spanish ships
    • Brought much-needed funds
    • Drake knighted>Phillip II furious
    • Led to the Spanish Armada>1588
  • Defeat of the Spanish Armada made England “Mistress of the Seas” and the most powerful nation in the world
the english renaissance 1485 1625 the tudor dynasty elizabeth i 1558 160317
The English Renaissance1485-1625>The Tudor DynastyElizabeth I (1558-1603)
  • Elizabeth I used her unmarried status as a way to gain support from other nations, but she claimed to be married to the throne of England
  • Died childless in 1603
  • James VI of Scotland became James I of England>begins the House of Stuart