South Asia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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South Asia

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  1. South Asia • Caption Contest • Example I didn’t get that shot. Can you pose again? Keep it appropriate and respectful…

  2. They see me rolllllin…. They hatin’…

  3. The Geography of the Indian subcontinent

  4. Key Terms • Typhoon • Hurricane • Cyclone • Monsoon • “Mother Ganges” • Tsunami • Deforestation • Agricultural Runoff • Over-urbanization • Squatter Settlements • Overpopulation

  5. South Asia

  6. TheSize ofSouthAsia

  7. Climate of South Asia

  8. Typhoon, Monsoon,Cyclone, or Hurricane? • Typhoon • Monsoon • Cyclone • Hurricane • Which can affect the Indian subcontinent?

  9. Dominant Weather Pattern: The Monsoon

  10. Winter

  11. Summer Monsoons: May-Oct.

  12. Topography of South Asia

  13. Bodies of Water Indus R. Brahmaputra R. Ganges R. Bay ofBengal Arabian Sea Indian Ocean

  14. The Ganges River System 1,560 miles long

  15. “Mata Ganga” (Mother Ganges) • The Ganges River is sacred (holy) • Holy to Hinduism • (not Buddhism)

  16. The Indus River System 1,975 miles long

  17. Valleys / Plains Indus River Valley Ganges River Valley Indo-GangeticPlain?

  18. Mountains & Peaks Hindu Kush Himalayas Western Ghats

  19. Hindu Kush

  20. The Himalayas • “him” [snow] • “aalaya” [home] • Mt. Everest is29,035 feet. • SEPERATES CHINA FROM INDIA

  21. 2004 Earthquake In Indonesia:Tsunami Devastates Indian Ocean Coastlines!

  22. the Tsunami’s Devastation 100,000s dead!

  23. The Deccan Plateau • 31,800 square miles in size. • Elevation range: 2,000 – 8,000 feet high. • From the Sanskrit word, “dakshina” [“the south”].

  24. The Thar Desert • The Great Indian Desert • 200 - 1500 feet in elevation. • up to 127ºF in July.

  25. Environmental Issues

  26. Bangladesh - Flooding

  27. Deforestation • Occurred over thousands of years • Cow Dung as fuel

  28. Agricultural Runoff • Green Revolution – Heavy use of chemicals • Water system, drainage

  29. Air Pollution

  30. Air Pollution • # 2 in the world  New Delhi • 3 more cities in the Top Ten Worst

  31. Why? • Short Answer  Increased Car Ownership • Long Answer  A meteorological phenomenon known as “inversion” often occurs in valleys similar to those of New Delhi and Beijing. Inversion results in stagnant air, often for days, with no clearing. Therefore, all of the exhaust from vehicles remains trapped in the lower atmosphere. Of course, this is only an issue when there are too many cars in a given area.

  32. Location

  33. Cars, cars, cars

  34. Demographic Data for South Asia

  35. Population Density

  36. Population Density

  37. Population 2010 2050 India 1.6 B China 1.4 B USA 420 M Nigeria 299 M Pakistan 295 M Indonesia 285 M Brazil 260 M Bangladesh 231 M D.R.C 183 M Ethiopia 145 M • China 1.3 B • India 1.2 B • USA 307 M • Indonesia 240 M • Brazil 199 M • Pakistan 175 M • Bangladesh 156 M • Nigeria 149 M • Russia 140 M • Japan 127 M

  38. Language in India alone

  39. Lights at Night Facebook Connections

  40. Urbanization • Migration of people from rural areas to urban areas. • Growth of cities. • Currently about 50% of the world’s population lives in urban areas. • This number is increasing at a rapid rate.