South Asia . Learning Objectives. Explain the linkages and tensions between ethnicity, religion, and contemporary geopolitics Examine the impacts of sustained population growth on South Asia’s economic, social, and natural environments
Explain the linkages and tensions between ethnicity, religion, and contemporary geopolitics
Examine the impacts of sustained population growth on South Asia’s economic, social, and natural environments
Compare and contrast economic and social development across the region
Second most populous region in the world
Distinct landmass separated from the rest of the Eurasian continent: Subcontinent
India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives
Regional unity: Shared history and culture
India- Population growth , Monsoons, Technology service sector (Out sourcing) Subcontinent
Nepal & Bhutan - Himalaya Mts. (convergent ) Isolated, lack of arable land
Bangladesh- High Population density, low elevation on river delta, flooding
Pakistan- Kashmir conflict with India, Fight against terrorism
Maldives - Archipelago, tourism, low islands in fear of global warming
Sri Lanka- Religious conflict
The worlds highest mountains, the majestic snow capped Himalayas, from the northern border of the Indian subcontinent. Mt. Everest, the worlds tallest peak at 29,035feet.
The Indian boundary is called the convergent boundary because the Indian continent and the Eurasian continent converge into each other.
The Himalayas are produced and the boundary is formed.
Even now the Himalayas are growing because the continents are still converging.
The monsoons are seasonal winds that bring heavy rain to northern and southwestern part of India.
This rainfall is crucial to life on the subcontinent, but it can cause severe hardships for millions of those who live in the lowlands of India and Bangladesh.
The 2,510km (1557mi) long river begins at the Gangotri glacier in the central Himalayas which passes though the plains in northern India before draining into the bay of Bengal. The river, held sacred by Hindus is worshipped as the personified form of the goddess Ganga after whom the river is named.
Hindu pilgrims achieve purification by bathing in the Ganges.
The Golden Quadrilateral Highway being built in India
Kaziranga National Park
Wildlife extinction and protection
India: logging small trees
Bangladesh: Flooding from a cyclone
Logging & agriculture, as well as industrial & urban expansion are causes of deforestation in South Asia
India currently faces a vicious cycle of population explosion and poverty. India, being a developing country, has had to face several economic and political challenges. According to Geography.com.sg, “India's population hit 1 billion in May 2000, increasing the urgency for the country to moderate its population growth.”
West Bengal: village health clinic
Mumbai: Hutments built on formerly busy sidewalks with no sanitary facilities
Karachi: known for economic power and ethnic violence
Dhaka: vibrant metropolis with both slums and prosperous areas
Mohandas Gandhi is the first freedom fighter for India to gain independence from the Britishers. Gandhi was the major political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. His protests did not use violence to achieve his goals. (nonviolent resistance)
He gained independence to India on Aug 14,1947.
India and Pakistan have spent millions of dollars to develop nuclear weapons in their continuing dispute over Kashmir. This has left less money to spend on improving the lives of their citizens. India's claim is contested by Pakistan which controls a third of Kashmir.
Civil War in Sri Lanka
Kerala: South Asia’s most highly educated region