Chapter 7. The Mongols & African Empires. The Mongols. The Mongol people came from the north of China, known today as Mongolia . The Mongols.
He ruled Mali from 1307 – 1332. His accomplishments included extending Mali’s boundaries through war and diplomacy, promoting trade & commerce, and spreading learning. He was a very devout Muslim.
Mansa Musa made his hajj to Mecca in 1324. “The spectacular wealth displayed by his entourage so dazzled the people on his line of march that their descendants still talked about it one hundred years after it occurred.”
The atlas shows an African monarch wearing robes and a crown, holding a scepter and a nugget of gold. The inscription reads: “This Negro lord is called Mousse Melly (Musa of Mali)…So abundant is the gold…in his country that he is the richest and most noble king of all the land.”
The Songhay empire developed along the Niger River. It expanded about the same time as the decline of the Mali empire. The Songhays captured Gao, a Mali city, which became the most important settlement in the region.