Warm up - 4/17 . You will be taking notes today—just write this warm up at the top of your notes. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Why? “There are some areas of life in which science should never intervene.”. Frankenstein. By Mary Shelley. Mary Shelley.
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Warm up - 4/17 • You will be taking notes today—just write this warm up at the top of your notes. • Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Why? “There are some areas of life in which science should never intervene.”
Frankenstein By Mary Shelley
Mary Shelley • Born in England, 1797 • Daughter of Intellectuals • William Godwin • Mary Wollstonecraft • Married to Percy Shelley • Percy + children died
(Famous Romantic Poets) Percy Bysshe Shelley Lord Byron
Romanticism • Emphasizes emotions, nature, art, and the imagination over reason and logic • Reaction to the Scientific Enlightenment • The Romantics = British Poets of the late 1700s – early 1800s
Mary Shelley as a Writer • Wrote Frankenstein when she was 18! • Did not put her name on the novel when it was first published in 1818 • People thought her husband wrote it because of the preface • Wrote other poems, novels and shorts stories
Inspiration for Frankenstein • The Shelleys lived in the Swiss alps • Ghost stories on a rainy night w/ Percy & Lord Byron • Galvinism • 1780s – Luigi Galvani • Muscle contractions through electric current
Gothic Literature • Popular between 1760 and 1820 • Mystery, horror, the supernatural • Brooding atmosphere • Wild or remote settings (castles, moors, mountainous regions)
Why is Frankenstein so good? • More than a horror story; philosophical • Morally complex characters • Throughout the novel, Shelley presents the reader with profound questions about: • The role of science in society • Positive/destructive sides of human nature
Frankenstein: Time & Place • Setting: late 1700s • Switzerland, Germany and the Arctic • Scientific breakthroughs at the time • Entertainment similar to today’s horror
The Biggest Misconception About Frankenstein is that the name of the monster is Frankenstein.The name of the monster isn’t Frankenstein.
The Biggest Misconception About Frankenstein: “Frankenstein” is the last name of the protagonist The monster has no name. He is simply called “The Creature” Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist
Frankenstein: Literary Style • Told through first-person viewpoints and letters between characters • Victor Frankenstein • The Creature • Frankenstein is a frame story • “Story within a story”
Characters • Robert Walton — ship captain, explorer, and confidant of Frankenstein • Victor Frankenstein — scientist who designs a living creature from human remains • The Creature — the un-named human being created by Victor Frankenstein • Henry Clerval— Victor’s best friend and fellow student • Alphonse and Caroline Beaufort Frankenstein — Victor’s parents • Ernest and William Frankenstein — Victor’s brothers • Elizabeth Lavenza— Victor’s wife • Justine Moritz — servant and friend of the Frankenstein family • Mr. DeLacey, Felix, Agatha, and Safie— Impoverished cottage family observed by the Creature
Central Themes/Issues • “Dangerous Knowledge” • Ethics of Science • Stem Cell Research
Homework • Read the first two letters (p. 13 -22 ) • Collect at least 8 unfamiliar vocabulary words • Be prepared to discuss and write about the reading tomorrow!