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Section 2: Notes. America before Columbus: The Way We Were. Out of Africa. Origins. Paleo— Beringia Ice Bridge. The Bering Strait—satellite image today. The First Americans.

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Section 2 notes

Section 2: Notes

America before Columbus: The Way We Were


Paleo— Beringia Ice Bridge

The Bering Strait—satellite image today

The first americans
The First Americans

The Lithic peoples or Paleo-Indians are the earliest known humans of the Americas. The period's name derives from the appearance of "lithic flaked" stone tools

Interesting environments
Interesting Environments

Species of the Americas gone missing

American horses about the size of a Great Dane; modern horses are European immigrants

The American camel found in Nebraska about the size of a German Shepherd dog

Bison ancestor to the buffalo found in Canada

Also departed
Also departed

American Mastodon –note size compared to a man

Saber-tooth cats of California weighing in at 600 pounds

American lion of the Great Plains about another ¼ larger than the African variety

Giant Beaver—Great Lakes region at 8’ and over 500 lbs.

Technology of diversity
Technology of Diversity

  • Domestication of crops

  • Architecture

  • Weapons

  • Calendars

  • Glyph writing

  • Art forms

  • Language

Cultural changes over time
Cultural Changes over Time

  • Migration from Asia and the environmental factors pushed clans south and east while the landscape forced innovations to survive!

Sensitivity to cultural differences
Sensitivity to Cultural Differences

  • Labels—Native Americans, First nations, Indians, or by group names

  • Religions are as varied as the language and groups

  • Time alone is not the factor, but interaction among people and from the outside circumstances

  • THE GOLDEN RULE: Do onto others as you have them do onto you

  • Emphasis: appreciate the differences, but not try to analyze them any more that you want to be analyzed yourself

Questions answers
Questions & Answers

  • Which of the following is native to the Americas?

    • Tomatoes, corn, and potatoes

    • Pigs, wheat, dandelions

  • All peoples of the Americas before 1492 spoke the same language?

    • True False

  • Indigenous persons moved south because of…

    • The environment Desire for wealth

  • We know about the Americas before 1492 because of the written accounts left behind.

    • True False

Final words
Final Words

An accomplished student:

  • Is committed to his or her own learning

  • Knows what material s/he will be expected to learn and plans the best way to learn it within the confines of the course

  • Is responsible for monitoring and managing his/her own learning; for example, gets makeup work online and immediately turns it in on return

  • Thinks systematically about learning and learns from experience

Okay i lied a few more
Okay—I lied a few more

  • Sees self as a contributing member of a learning community

  • Treat self, other class members, visitors, and the instructor with respect and manners

  • Is aware of the strengths and limitations of others

  • Has pride in success and overcomes weaknesses through diligence

  • Shows age-appropriate behaviors and strives for maturity as an adult learner

I promise one more after this
I promise—one more after this

  • Does assignments on time and to the very best of one’s ability

  • All work will be done in dark blue or black ink, unless specifically instructed otherwise

  • Follow class heading, standard grammar, and formatting guidelines

  • Does share in committees and learning groups

  • Seek help from the instructor as soon as there is trouble with any concept we are studying or discussing

Da da
Da da…

  • Creates time in the schedule to get the help needed

  • Controls impulses to gain attention through negative actions

  • Uses positive means to become a fully actualized person

Ross the boss