Creative writing final exam study guide
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Creative Writing Final Exam Study Guide. 1. Acrostic. a p oem or a series of lines in which certain letters, for example, the first, form a name or motto. 2. Alliteration. repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words. 3. Allusion.

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1 acrostic
1. Acrostic

  • a poem or a series of lines in which certain letters, for example, the first, form a name or motto.

2 alliteration
2. Alliteration

  • repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

3 allusion
3. Allusion

  • a reference in a literary work to a well-known character, phrase, or situation from history

4 anecdote
4. Anecdote

  • a short written or oral account of an event from a person’s life.

5 antagonist
5. antagonist

  • the character in contrast or opposition to the main character

6 autobiography
6. autobiography

  • a person’s account of his or her life.

7 biography
7. biography

  • a nonfiction account of a person’s life written by another person

8 brainstorming
8. brainstorming

  • a technique to generate ideas in which the person writes down ideas as quickly as possible without judging the ideas

9 character
9. character

  • an individual in a literary work.

10 characterization
10. characterization

  • Method of revealing a character’s personality

11 direct characterization
11. direct characterization

  • The writer makes explicit statements about the character; the character is revealed through his or her own actions, words, thoughts, reactions, and beliefs

12 indirect characterization
12. indirect characterization

  • The writer reveals a character through the reactions, thoughts, words, and beliefs ofother characters

13 chronological order
13. chronological order

  • the ordering of events according to time

14 climax
14. climax

  • The point of the greatest emotional intensity, interest, or suspense in the plot of the literary work; the highest point in a story

15 conflict
15. conflict

  • The struggle between opposing forces in a story or drama.

16 internal conflict
16. internal conflict

  • A struggle that takes place within the mind of a character who is torn between opposing feelings or goals; man vs. self

17 external conflict
17. external conflict

  • exists when a character struggles against some outside force, such as another person, nature, society, or fate; three types:

  • man vs. man

  • man vs. nature

  • man vs. society

18 denouement
18. denouement

  • the resolution (outcome) of a story.

19 diamante
19. diamante

  • A diamond shaped poem focused on opposites.

20 diary
20. diary

  • A personal record of experiences, events, and observations.

21 dynamic
21. dynamic

  • A descriptive word for a character who changes

22 expository
22. expository

  • The explanation of a subject; a mode of writing whose purpose is to inform or to explain

23 falling action
23. falling action

  • the action or events that follow the climax

24 flat
24. flat

  • a character who reveals only one personality trait; predictions cannot be made about this type of character

25 formula poetry
25. formula poetry

  • a formula or fixed pattern dictates the form, structure, and/or content of a poem

26 free writing
26. free writing

  • writing nonstop for a set time, usually only five or ten minutes; the idea is to get your thoughts on paper; it can begin anywhere and go anywhere; the purpose is to help you get started or free your mind

27 free verse
27. free verse

  • poetry that has no fixed pattern of meter, rhyme, line length, or stanza arrangement

28 haiku
28. haiku

  • a type of poetry characterized by the following : three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables; originated in Japan; traditional topic is nature

29 essay
29. essay

  • a writing attempt on a topic; a short work of nonfiction on a single topic

30 exposition
30. exposition

  • introduces the story’s characters, setting, and situation.

  • background information

31 hook
31. hook

  • that which gets the reader’s attention at the beginning of any piece of writing

32 imagery
32. imagery

  • descriptive writing that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses; writing that paints a picture

33 limerick
33. limerick

  • a short poem fitting the following formula:

  • lines 1, 2, and 5 rhyme (longer).

  • lines 3, and 4 rhyme (shorter).

  • The limerick is usually humorous.

34 journal
34. journal

  • a daily record of events kept by a participant in those events or a witness to them; not meant to be a private document

35 fable
35. fable

  • a short story with animal characters that teaches a lesson

36 simile
36. simile

  • a comparison between two seemingly unlike things using like or as

37 metaphor

  • a comparison between two seemingly unlike things not using like or as; a DIRECT comparison

38 mood
38. mood

  • the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates

39 narrative
39. narrative

  • a piece of writing or speech that tells a story; driven by a conflict or problem, a narrative unfolds event by event and leads to a resolution

40 onomatopoeia
40. onomatopoeia

  • Use of a word or phrase that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes

41 organizational patterns of writing 5
41. organizational patterns of writing (5)

Method for organizing a piece of writing

  • Chronological (time)

  • Spatial (space)

  • Problem-solution

  • Sequential (sequence of events; order)

  • Cause-effect

42 paragraph
42. paragraph

  • a unit of writing that consists of related sentences

43 sequential order
43. sequential order

  • A method of organization which relies on the sequence (order) of events

44 point of view
44. point of view

  • the perspective from which the story is told

45 first person
45. first person

The narrator is a character in the story and is referred to as “I.” The reader sees everything through the eyes of the narrator.

46 third person limited
46. Third-person limited

  • The narrator reveals the thoughts, feelings, and observations o f only one character, referring to that character as “he”, or “she.”

47 third person omniscient
47. Third-person omniscient

  • All-knowing point of view; the narrator is not a character in the story but rather is someone who stands outside the story and comments on the action. A third-person omniscient narrator knows everything about the characters and the events and may reveal details that the characters could not themselves reveal.

48 plot diagram
48. Plot diagram

  • _/\_ (c)

    • /

      (b) / \ (d)

  • / \

  • _______ _________

  • (a) (e)

  • (a) exposition (d) falling action

  • (b) rising action (e) resolution/

    (c) climax denouement

  • 49 protagonist
    49. protagonist

    • The main character in the story; hero

    50 recursive
    50. recursive

    • A term that describes the writing process: goes back on itself; circular; can double back to previous steps or jump ahead

    51 resolution

    • that part of the plot that concludes the falling action by revealing or suggesting the outcome of the conflict

    • synonym: denouement

    52 rising action
    52.rising action

    • the events that lead up to the climax

    53 round character
    53.round (character)

    • a character in a story who is highly developed or more fully developed than other characters; easy to make predictions about a round character; encounters conflict and is changed by it; shows varied and sometimes contradictory traits

    54 rubric

    • an explicit (precise) summary of the criteria for assessing a particular piece of student work, plus levels of potential achievement for each criterion

    55 sequential order
    55. sequential order

    • a method of organization for a written of work or a speech based on sequence or the order of events

    56 setting
    56. setting

    • the time and location

    57 static character
    57. static (character)

    • a character who remains the same throughout the story; does not undergo any significant change

    58 theme
    58. theme

    • the main often idea or message of a story, poem, novel, or play often expressed as a general statement about life

    59 title
    59. title

    • An identifying name given to a book, play, film, musical composition, or other work.

    60 transition words
    60. Transition words

    • help ideas flow within sentences, from sentence to sentence, and from paragraph to paragraph;

    • provide logical organization and understandability

    • improve the connections and transitions between thoughts

    61 writing process
    61. Writing process

    • The series of overlapping steps used to produce a text:



      editing and revising



    • best described as recursive

    63 how can character be revealed
    63. How can character be revealed?

    • by making a character round

    • through dialogue

    • through direct and indirect characterization

    • the character’s handling of conflict

    Quotation marks rule 1
    Quotation Marks Rule 1

    • Use quotation marks to enclose a direct quotation, a person’s exact words

    Quotation marks rule 2
    Quotation Marks Rule 2

    • A direct quotation begins with a capital letter.

    Quotation marks rule 3
    Quotation Marks Rule 3

    • When a quoted sentence is divided into two parts by an interrupting expression such as “he said” or mother asked, the second part beings with a smaller letter.

    Quotation marks rule 4
    Quotation Marks Rule 4

    • A direct quotation is set off from the rest of the sentence by commas, a question mark, or exclamation point.

    Quotation marks rule 5
    Quotation Marks Rule 5

    • Commas and periods are always placed inside the closing quotation marks.

    67 what is the main purpose of personal writing
    67. What is the main purpose of personal writing?

    • To record ideas and experience

    • to discover things about oneself and the world

    68 list at least five methods ways you can use to come up with a story idea
    68. List at least five methods/ways you can use to come up with a story idea?

    • 1. Keep a journal.

    • 2. Freewrite.

    • 3. Brainstorm.

    • 4. Read newspapers.

    • 5. Use a photograph.

    69 what is the main reason for writing an autobiography
    69. What is the main reason for writing an autobiography? with a story idea?

    • to examine the meaning or significance of events in the writer’s life.

    70 how can you determine whether or not the dialogue you have written is realistic
    70. How can you determine whether or not the dialogue you have written is realistic?

    • Read it aloud.

    Questions 71 73
    Questions 71-73 have written is realistic?

    • What language device is illustrated in the passage?

    71 what language device is used in the passage below
    71. What language device is used in the passage below? have written is realistic?

    • “Life is a broken-winged bird….”-Dreams”

    • metaphor

    72 what language device is used in the passage below
    72. What language device is used in the passage below? have written is realistic?

    • “But I was going to say when Truth broke in

      With all her matter of fact about the ice storm,”

      - “Birches”

    • personification

    73 what language device is used in the passage below
    73. What language device is used in the passage below? have written is realistic?

    • “Life is like a box of chocolates.”

      – Forrest Gump

    • simile

    74 define creativity
    74. Define creativity. have written is realistic?

    • the ability to produce something new through imaginative skill, whether a new solution to a problem, a new method or device, a new form, or a new artistic product .

    75 when proposing a story idea what should you consider
    75. When proposing a story idea, what should you consider? have written is realistic?

    • who, what, when, where, why, and how

    • the purpose of the writing

    • the audience