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Literature Final Exam Study Guide . Salma Olivares #24 May 4,2011. Prose:. Is an unpoetic language . Poetry:. the  art  of rhythmical composition, written or spoken,  for exciting  pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or  elevated thoughts . Novels:.

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Literature Final ExamStudy Guide

Salma Olivares #24

May 4,2011

slide2

Prose:

Is an unpoetic language

slide3

Poetry:

the art of rhythmical composition, written or spoken, for exciting pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts.

slide4

Novels:

a fictitious prose narrative of considerable length and complexity, portraying characters and usually 

presentinga sequential

organization of action and scenes.

slide5

Novellas:

a fictional prose narrative that is longer and more complex than

a short story; a short 

novel.

slide6

Short story:

a piece of prose 

fiction, usually under

10,000 words.

slide7

Nonfiction:

the branch of literature comprising works of narrative

Prose dealing with or 

offering opinions or 

conjectures upon fact sand reality, Including biography, history, and the essay 

(opposed to fiction and 

distinguished from poetry and drama).

slide8

Drama:

a composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a 

story involving conflict or contrast of character, especially one intended 

to be acted on the stage; a play.

slide9

Folk Literature:

Develop in every culture, reflecting the history and beliefs of the people who create it. Is part of an oral tradition in which stories are told, revised, and retold as they are passed from one generation to the next. It explains important events in the history of a people or the natural world.

slide10

Plot:

Is a sequence of events linked by cause and effect.

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Conflict:

It is a problem.

slide12

Characters:

the aggregate of features and traits that form the individual nature of some person or 

thing.

slide13

Point of view:

an opinion, 

attitude, or

judgment: He 

refuses to 

change his point of view in the matter.

slide14

Setting:

the surroundings or 

environment of anything.

slide15

Theme:

The subject of the story.

slide16

Autobiography:

an account of a person's life written 

or otherwise recorded by that person.

slide17

Biography:

A written account of another

person's Life.

slide18

Expository Essay:

presents a subject in detail, apart from criticism, argument, or development; i.e., the writer elucidates a subject by analyzing it. 

slide19

Essay:

a short literary composition on a particular 

theme or subject, usually in prose and 

generally analytic, 

speculative, or interpretative.

slide20

Descriptive:

Expressing a quality of

the word it modifies.

slide21

Personal:

of, pertaining to, or coming as from a 

particular person; individual; private: a personal opinion.

slide22

Persuasive:

able, fitted, or intended to persuade: a very 

persuasive argument.

slide23

Informational Text:

anything used to give information in the text format. The can be anything, but it will give the person information about something.

slide24

Dialogue:

the conversation 

between characters in a novel, drama, etc.

slide25

Stage Directions:

an instruction written into the script of a 

play, indicating stage

actions, movements of 

performers, or

Production requirements.

slide26

Characterization:

portrayal; description: the actor's characterization 

of a politician.

slide27

Narrative Poem:

a poem that tells a story 

and has a plot.

slide28

Lyric Poem:

a short poem of song

like quality.

slide29

Form:

external appearance 

of a clearly defined area, as distinguished 

from color or 

material; configuration: a triangular form.

slide30

a mark or stroke 

long in proportion 

to its breadth, made with a pen, pencil, tool, etc., 

on a surface: a 

line down the middle of the

page.

Line:

slide31

Stanzas:

an arrangement of a  certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or 

rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem.

slide32

Rhythm:

movement or procedure with uniform or patterned recurrence of a beat, 

accent, or the like.

slide33

Rhyme:

Identity in sound of some part, 

especially the 

end, of words or lines of verse.

slide34

Sound devices:

also known as musical devices, are elements of literature and poetry that emphasize sound.

slide35

Alliteration:

the commencement of two or more 

stressed syllables of a word group either with the same 

consonant sound or sound group (consonantal alliteration),  as in from stem to stern, or with a vowel

sound that may differ 

from syllable to syllable (vocalic 

alliteration), as in each to all.

Compare consonance 

slide36

Onomatopoeia:

the formation of a word, as cuckoo  or boom,  by imitation of a sound made

by or associated 

with its referent.

slide37

Figurative Language:

speech or writing that departs from literal meaning 

in order to achieve a special effect or meaning, speech 

or writing employing figures of speech.

slide38

Legend:

a nonhistorical or unverifiable story 

handed down by 

Tradition from 

earlier times and 

popularly acceptedas historical.

slide39

Folk Tale:

a tale or legend originating and traditional among a 

people or folk, especially 

one forming part of the oraltradition of the common 

people.

slide40

Myth:

a traditional or legendary story, usually 

concerning some being or hero or event,

with or without a determinable basis of fact or a natural explanation, especially one that is concerned with deities or 

demigods and explains some practice,

rite, or phenomenon of nature.

slide41

Fables:

a short tale to teach a moral lesson, often with animals or inanimate

objects as characters;

apologue: the fable of the tortoise and the 

Hare.

slide42

Moral:

expressing or conveying truths or counsel as to right conduct, as 

a speaker or a literary work; moralizing: a 

Moral novel.

slide43

Characters’ Motives:

Is a technique authour's use to portray a character.

slide44

Character Traits:

a distinctive but not 

necessarily invariable feature exhibited by all individuals of a group and capable of being 

described or measured

slide45

Speaker:

a person who speaks.

slide46

Analogy:

a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may 

be based: the 

analogy between 

the heart and a

 pump.

slide47

Break down long sentences:

Summarizing is briefly stating the main points of a piece of writing.

slide48

Internal Conflict:

a struggle which takes place in the protagonist's mind and through which the character reaches a 

new understanding or dynamic change.

slide49

Word Root:

the form of a word 

after all affixes are removed; "thematic vowels are part of the stem".

anecdote
Anecdote:

a short, obscure historical 

or biographical account.

tribute
Tribute:

a gift, testimonial, 

compliment, or the like, given as due or in acknowledgment of 

gratitude or esteem.

slide52
Tone:

any sound considered with 

reference to its quality, pitch,

strength, source, etc.

idioms
Idioms:

an expression whose meaning is not

 predictable from the usual meanings 

of its constituent elements, as kick the bucket  or hang one's head,  or from 

the general grammatical rules of a

 language, as the table round  for the round table, and that is not a 

constituent of a larger expression of like

characteristics.

direct characterization
Direct Characterization:

the method of character development in which the author 

simply tells what the character is 

like

indirect characterization
Indirect Characterization:

the writer reveals information about a character and his personality through that character's thoughts, words, and actions, along with how other characters respond to that character, including what they think and say about him.

modern fairy tale
Modern Fairy Tale:

Include elements of traditional fairy tales, including mysterious and fantastic events, magic and wishes, and animals with unusual abilities.

repetition
Repetition:

the act of repeating; repeated  

action, performance, production, 

or presentation.

word parts
Word Parts:

Come from common word origins and related things.

local color
Local Color:

distinctive, sometimes picturesque characteristics or peculiarities

 of a place or period as represented in literature or drama, or as 

observed in reality.

levels of meaning
Levels of Meaning:

include the literal meaning, what the words actually say and deeper meanings, meaning for author.

analogy
Analogy:

a similarity between like 

features of two things, on 

whicha comparisonmaybe

 based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.

simile
Simile:

a figure of speech in which 

two unlike things are

explicitly compared, as in 

“she is like a rose.” Comparemetaphor.

metaphor
Metaphor:

a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied 

to something to which it is 

not literally applicable in 

orderto suggest a 

resemblance

literal meaning
Literal Meaning:

what the word are actually saying.

humorous essays
Humorous Essays:

is a form of nonfiction writing intended to make the reader laugh.

significant events
Significant Events:

detailed imagery of significant environmental events which are visible in remotely-sensed data.

compare and contrast characters
Compare and Contrast Characters:

one thing that helped deciding, which split personalities.