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Debate Final Exam Study Guide

Debate Final Exam Study Guide

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Debate Final Exam Study Guide

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  1. Debate Final Exam Study Guide Spring 2011

  2. Debate Final Exam Study Guide Define terms using the answers here; if the answers aren’t complete, use Google to search on debate vocabulary and terms. Be sure that you complete ALL sections of the study guide.

  3. Debate Final Exam Study Guide • Ms. Jacobson • Spring 2011

  4. I. Definitions. • Define each of the following terms as used in debate.

  5. affirmative • The side of the debate for the resolution. • pro; support; for

  6. 2. affirmative constructive • AC • Presents the case (new arguments) • 6 minutes • BADL: two AC speeches: 1AC and 2AC • The 2AC is a constructive because new arguments can be presented.

  7. 3. affirmative rebuttal • AR • the speech in which arguments from the opposing team are attacked and the team represented by the speaker are defended

  8. 4. analysis • The process of taking something apart, breaking it down into its component parts, and determining the interrelationships of the component parts

  9. 5. argument • noun: the reason(s) or supporting details/evidence for or against some point you are trying to make: a justification, contention or overarching reason

  10. 6. articulation • the formation of clear and distinct sounds in speech; the adjustments and movements of speech organs involved in pronouncing a particular sound, taken as a whole

  11. 7. BADL • Birmingham Area Debate League

  12. 8. ballot • the piece of paper on which judges write comments, rankings, and the decision of the round

  13. 9. brainstorm • a strategy used to generate ideas in which ideas are written down as they come into the mind in response to a specific prompt (or not) without editing

  14. 10. case • A collection of arguments, reasons, and factssupporting the resolution;shows why weshould affirm or negate the resolution.

  15. 11. citation • source information for a concrete detail

  16. 12. claim-warrant-impact-link • claim – an assertion. Example: cheese is good. • warrant – a reason why an assertion is true. Example: cheese has nutrients. • impact – explains the importance of the warranted claim. Example: It’s important that cheese is good, because its nutrients, especially calcium, contribute to a healthy body. • Link – a connection between the impacted claim and the value. Example: Since cheese contributes to a healthy body, my value of Individual Welfare is upheld.

  17. 13. clarification • the process of clearing up or more precisely defining something

  18. 14. clarity • the quality of being clear

  19. 15. clash • (verb) to strike head on or directly • (noun) the process of striking head on

  20. 16. composure • the act of being calm and together

  21. 17.conflict • having different needs, desires, actions, or opinions

  22. 18. constructive • speeches in a debate round during which arguments are introduced

  23. 19. cross-examination • the time during the debate to ask the opponent clarification questions or strategic questions, the answers to which may be used in the round • does not count in a debateunless the information obtained is used in a timed speech

  24. 20.crystallization • crystallization point, voting issue, voter, or – why your side wins the round. It can be an impacted drop extended across the flow in both rebuttals; it can be anything as long as the debater makes an argument and calls it a voting issue/voter/point of crystallization. • Example: The Affirmative wins this round because [argument]. Usually, crystallization is done during the last 2 minutes of the 3AR or 3 NR. • the key points in a debate that are crucial to the outcome, reasons why the judge should give the decision to a team

  25. 21. delivery

  26. 22. enunciation • the act of pronouncing words clearly and distinctly; to pronounce clearly

  27. 23. drop • When a debater does not address or respond to a subpoint or argument. In other words, they didn’t refute it, so they implicitly agree with it. • NOTE: drops must be impacted to count. It’s not enough to say your opponent didn’t refute your argument – you must say why it matters. • (impacting – why that point is so important, and the fact that your opponent agrees with you means you win the round). • Drop does NOT mean you dropped your opponent on his or her head!

  28. 24.expression • the act of setting forth in words; the manner in which the words are stated

  29. 25. evidence

  30. extend

  31. fact

  32. flow (verb); pre-flow (verb) • flow: to take notes note taking during a debate, accurately recording the principal arguments and rebuttals • pre-flow: to outline one’s arguments right before one debates. If you are a debater arguing the Affirmative side of the resolution, then, before you begin your round (or hopefully even earlier), you outline your arguments on your flow instead of doing this during the round (that’s flowing).

  33. flow (noun) • the notes taken during a debate, accurately recording the principal arguments and rebuttals

  34. fluency

  35. judge

  36. justification

  37. interpretation

  38. loudness

  39. negative • the side that defends the present system and argues against the resolution

  40. negative constructive

  41. negative rebuttal

  42. pronunciation

  43. RFD (rfd)

  44. rebuttal

  45. refutation • directly attacking the opposing teams’ arguments

  46. research

  47. resolution • the proposition or subject offered to debate

  48. road mapping

  49. signposting

  50. status quo • the current state of affairs, the present system