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The Cold War

The Cold War

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The Cold War

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Presentation Transcript

  1. The Cold War 1945-1970s

  2. Objective • To understand postwar international order • To understand the causes of the Cold War • To understand the nature of the Cold War

  3. Causes of the Cold War • The end of World War II • Soviet troops occupied Eastern Europe • Division of Germany • Yalta Conference • Change in balance of power

  4. Causes of the Cold War • Soviet motivations • US involvement • Who is right?

  5. The Cold War • The Truman Doctrine (1947) • European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan, 1947)

  6. The Cold War • Status of Germany • Permanent Division • Berlin Airlift (1948) • Berlin Wall (1961)

  7. The Berlin Airlift

  8. The Cold War • Soviet domination of Eastern Europe • Soviets explode first atom bomb, 1949 • Rise of puppet states • Yugoslavia

  9. First Soviet Atom Bomb1949

  10. The Cold War • Changes in Soviet leadership • Stalin dies 1953 • Nikita Khrushchev 1956-1964 • Leonid Brezhnev 1964-1982 • Gorbachev 1985-1991

  11. Nikita Khruschev

  12. Mikhail Gorbachev

  13. The Cold War • Threat of nuclear warfare • Atomic bombs end World War II • Change in warfare • Soviet Union explodes first atom bomb in 1949 • Nuclear arms race

  14. US Defense Spending 1941-61

  15. The Cold War • The Cold War expands beyond Europe • China (1949) • Korean War (1950-53) • Cuba • Vietnam War

  16. Mao Zedong

  17. Korean War

  18. Vietnam War

  19. Ho Chi Minh

  20. Vietnam War

  21. The Cold War • Decolonization • Decline of European powers • The “Third World” • Decolonization and the Cold War

  22. The Cold War • Middle East • State of Israel created in 1948 • Middle East and the Cold War • Role of Oil

  23. The Cold War • European Integration (1951-Present) • Lessons from World War II • European Coal and Steel Community • Treaty of Rome

  24. Franco-German Cooperation

  25. The Cold War • Changes in Western society • Material prosperity • Secular Society • Globalization

  26. The Cold War • Challenge to Soviet domination • Hungary (1956) • Czechoslovakia (1968) • Brezhnev Doctrine

  27. Prague Spring1968

  28. Détente • Decreased tensions between US and Soviet Union • Nuclear arms agreements • US and China

  29. Détente