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The Cold War. 1945-1970s. Objective. To understand postwar international order To understand the causes of the Cold War To understand the nature of the Cold War. Causes of the Cold War. The end of World War II Soviet troops occupied Eastern Europe Division of Germany Yalta Conference

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The Cold War

1945-1970s


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Objective

  • To understand postwar international order

  • To understand the causes of the Cold War

  • To understand the nature of the Cold War


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Causes of the Cold War

  • The end of World War II

    • Soviet troops occupied Eastern Europe

    • Division of Germany

    • Yalta Conference

    • Change in balance of power


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Causes of the Cold War

  • Soviet motivations

  • US involvement

  • Who is right?


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The Cold War

  • The Truman Doctrine (1947)

  • European Recovery Program

    (Marshall Plan, 1947)


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The Cold War

  • Status of Germany

    • Permanent Division

    • Berlin Airlift (1948)

    • Berlin Wall (1961)



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The Cold War

  • Soviet domination of Eastern Europe

    • Soviets explode first atom bomb, 1949

    • Rise of puppet states

    • Yugoslavia



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The Cold War

  • Changes in Soviet leadership

    • Stalin dies 1953

    • Nikita Khrushchev 1956-1964

    • Leonid Brezhnev 1964-1982

    • Gorbachev 1985-1991




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The Cold War

  • Threat of nuclear warfare

    • Atomic bombs end World War II

    • Change in warfare

    • Soviet Union explodes first atom bomb in 1949

    • Nuclear arms race



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The Cold War

  • The Cold War expands beyond Europe

    • China (1949)

    • Korean War (1950-53)

    • Cuba

    • Vietnam War







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The Cold War

  • Decolonization

    • Decline of European powers

    • The “Third World”

    • Decolonization and the Cold War


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The Cold War

  • Middle East

    • State of Israel created in 1948

    • Middle East and the Cold War

    • Role of Oil


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The Cold War

  • European Integration (1951-Present)

    • Lessons from World War II

    • European Coal and Steel Community

    • Treaty of Rome



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The Cold War

  • Changes in Western society

    • Material prosperity

    • Secular Society

    • Globalization


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The Cold War

  • Challenge to Soviet domination

    • Hungary (1956)

    • Czechoslovakia (1968)

    • Brezhnev Doctrine



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Détente

  • Decreased tensions between US and Soviet Union

    • Nuclear arms agreements

    • US and China