ICT in Rural Development : Towards effective Governance SASAR M&E Workshop - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ICT in Rural Development : Towards effective Governance SASAR M&E Workshop

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ICT in Rural Development : Towards effective Governance SASAR M&E Workshop

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  1. The World Bank ICT in Rural Development : Towards effective GovernanceSASAR M&E Workshop byShashank OjhaSr. e-Government Specialist e-Government Practice - ISG The World Bank

  2. Background Background • 2/3 of Population in Rural India – 25 % share in GDP • Farmers increasingly getting marginalized – both economically and politically • Flawed business model – heavy investment in inputs, high debt operations, crop failure, lack of institutional credit / crop insurance, MSP below Mkt. Price etc. • Farmer not assured of a ‘minimum return’ on his labour and investment • Survival of Indian Farmer – Uncertainly of income, unbearable debts, loss of status, inability to understand economic and political factors responsible for downslide, Bankruptcy and suicides Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  3. E- Governance - Lessons ICT in Rural Development • Very wide scope - high potential area ! • High Risk – High Returns projects ! • Difficultiesabound • Delayed, limited functionality, budget over- runs • Financial Sustainability • Rarely achieved - Business Models / PPPs ? • Grassroots consultation – client focus ! • Top down approach rarely works ! • Local language/ Locally relevant content • English content, illiteracy, target audience ? • Sector level Solutions ! Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  4. E- Governance - Lessons Need for a Overall Framework • Piecemeal approach is normally ineffective • Need to develop a Framework - to achieve benefits of integration & effectiveness • Adhoc approach, standalone systems and multiplicity of databases create more problems • Business Process Re-engineering is the key. Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  5. E- Governance - Lessons Need for a Overall Strategy Shashank Ojha - The World Bank


  6. Key Components Agriculture Portal - Uttaranchal Govt. Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  7. Key Components Rural Citizen Services Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  8. Key Components Panchayati Raj Institutions Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  9. Key Components Forest Management Systems Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  10. Key Components Rural Cooperatives Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  11. Key Components Rural Education - Pilot ICT in Rural Districts of Pune Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  12. Key Components ITC’s e-Choupal Model Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  13. Key Components Irrigation - Overall Framework Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  14. Key Components FM Radio : Agriculture Dissemination Systems • Latest Agriculture technologies • Weather • Crop, pesticides, seeds • Govt Schemes • Market rates Pilot ICT Project in Pune Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  15. Key Components Micro Finance Systems Source : SKS Microfinance Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  16. Overall Framework M & E and Overall framework Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  17. Key Components Software Strategy • COTS Vs Bespoke Development. • Integration Issues. • Licensing Policy. • Cost Effectiveness. • Open Source Software Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  18. Key Components Hardware Strategy • Data Center Architecture. • Server Clusters. • Environmental Conditions. • Scalability Criterion. • Security. • Concurrency of the Architecture. • Uninterrupted Power Supply Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  19. Key Components Data Strategy • Centralized Availability of Data. • Highest Level Organizational Support for Data Creation Activity. • Separate Data Management Team. • Modular Data Entry Teams. • Right Size the data.( Use Live Data First) • Data Entry at the point of inception. Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  20. Key Components Network Strategy • Network Access Requirements. • Bandwidth Requirements. • Medium for connectivity. • Leased Lines. • VSATs • Fiber • Connectivity Time Requirements. • Access Control. • Security of Connection. Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  21. Key Components Web Strategy • Creation of Departmental Intranets. • Seamless Integration with Internets. • Use of E-mails as a tool for capacity building. • Information Dissemination over the web as a tool to Transparency. • Browser Based GUIs for Internal Applications. • Multi Lingual Interface. • Response Times to capture eye balls. Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  22. Key Components People Strategy • Change Management is Very Important. • Build capacity - continued Training . • Bringing in Knowledge Culture. • Creating IT environment with in RD Organizations. • Presence of Effective IT department. • ‘Buy in ‘ from the senior most management with in the organization. • Reducing Corruption. Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  23. E- Governance - Lessons Industry Best Practices Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  24. E- Governance - Lessons Industry Best Practices Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  25. E- Governance - Lessons Focus on Project Management Shashank Ojha - The World Bank

  26. ICT in Rural Development Sector: Towards effective Governance Thank you.