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SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT. AMR-APARD. ANDHRA PRADESH. WHAT IS SUSTAINABILITY. IT IS IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF HUMAN LIFE WHILE LIVING WITHIN THE CARRYING CAPACITY OF SUPPORTING ECO-SYSTEMS. WATER SCARCITY. WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.

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SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT


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    sustainable rural development

    SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT

    AMR-APARD

    ANDHRA PRADESH

    what is sustainability
    WHAT IS SUSTAINABILITY
    • IT IS IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF HUMAN LIFE WHILE LIVING WITHIN THE CARRYING CAPACITY OF SUPPORTING ECO-SYSTEMS
    what is sustainable development
    WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
    • DEVELOPMENT THAT MEETS THE NEEDS OF THE PRESENT WITHOUT COMPROMISING THE ABILITY OF FUTURE GENERATIONS TO MEET THEIR OWN NEEDS
    slide17

    WHAT IS RURAL DEVELOPMENT

    Rural development generally refers to the process of improving the quality of life and economic wellbeing of people living in relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas.

    slide18

    HOUSING

    • AGRICULTURE
    • ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
    • HORTICULTURE
    • SERICULTURE
    • FISHERIES
    • EDUCATION
    • ELECTRICITY
    • DRINKING WATER
    • HEALTH & NUTRITION
    • FOOD SECURITY
    • WOMEN EMPOWERMENT
    • SOCIAL SECURITY PENSIONS
    • EMPLOYMENT
    • IRRIGATION
    • SANITATION
    • INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TELECOMMINCATIONS
    • BANKING
    • TRANSPORT
    • TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
    • SECURITY
    • DISASTER MANAGEMENT
    slide19

    Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)1993 To sanction Rs. 1 Crore per year to every member of Parliament for various development works in their respective areas through DM districts.

    • District Rural Development Agency (DRDA)1993 To provide financial assistance for rural development.
    • Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)1980 All-round development of the rural poor through a program of asset endowment for self employment.
    • Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA)1982 To provide suitable opportunities of self employment to the women belonging to the rural families who are living below the poverty line.
    slide20

    Group Life Insurance Scheme in Rural Areas 1995 To provide insurance facilities to rural people on lower premium.

    • Social Security Pilot Scheme 2004 Scheme for labors of unorganized sector for providing family pension, insurance and medical.
    • National Cancer Control Programme  1975 Primary prevention of cancers by health education regarding hazards of tobacco consumption and necessity of genital hygiene for prevention of cervical cancer, etc.
    • National Program of Health Care for the Elderly (NPHCE)2010 To provide preventive, curative and rehabilitative services to the elderly persons at various level of health care delivery system of the country, etc.
    slide21

    National Program for Prevention and Control of Deafness (NPPCD) To prevent the avoidable hearing loss on account of disease or injury, etc.

    • National Mental Health Program (NMHP) 1982 To ensure availability and accessibility of minimum mental health care for all in the foreseeable future, particularly to the most vulnerable and underprivileged sections of population.
    • National Cancer Registry Programme 1982 To provide true information on cancer prevalence and incidence.
    • National Tobacco Control Program 2007 Preventing the initiation of smoking among young people, educating, motivating and assisting smokers to quit smoking,etc.
    slide22

    National Leprosy Eradication Program started in 1955, launched in 1983 To arrest the disease activity in all the known cases of leprosy.

    • Universal Immunization Program (UIP)  1985 To achieve self-sufficiency in vaccine production and the manufacture of cold-chain equipment for storage purpose, etc.
    • National Vector Borne Disease Control Program - For the prevention and control of vector borne diseases
    • Child Labor Eradication Programme 1994 To shift child labor from hazardous industries to schools.
    • National Authority for the Elimination of Child Labour (NAECL) 1994 Laying down the policies and programs for the elimination of child labour, especially in the hazardous industries, etc.
    slide23

    National Child Labour Project Scheme (NCLP)  1998 Establishment of special schools for child labour who are withdrawn from work.

    • Education Department and District Primary Education Program (DPEP) 1994 To revitalize the primary education system and to achieve the objective of universalisation of primary education for young children.
    • International Programme for Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC) 1991 To contribute to the effective abolition of child labor in India
    • National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)  2007 To protect, promote and defend child rights in the country.
    • National Policy on Child Labour 1987 General development programmes benefiting children wherever possible. Project-based approach in the areas of high concentration of child labourers.
    slide24

    Support to Training and employment Programme for Women (STEP) 2003-04 To increase the self-reliance and autonomy of women by enhancing their productivity and enabling them to take up income generaion activities.

    • Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) 1993 To facilitate credit support or micro-finance to poor women to start income generating activities such as dairy, agriculture, shop-keeping, vending, handicrafts etc.
    • Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) – ‘Sabla’ 2010 It aims at empowering Adolescent girls of 11 to 18 years by improving their nutritional and health status, up gradation of home skills, life skills and vocational skills.
    • Central Social Welfare Board (CSWB)  1953 To promote social welfare activities and implementing welfare programmes for women and children through voluntary organizations.
    slide25

    Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) To improve the health and nutrition status of pregnant, lactating women and infants

    • SwayamSiddha  2001 At organizing women into Self-Help Groups to form a strong institutional base.
    • Short Stay Home for Women and Girls (SSH) 1969 To provide temporary shelter to women and girls who are in social and moral danger due to family problems,mental strain, violence at home, social ostracism, exploitation and other causes.
    • Swadhar 1995 To support women to become independent in spirit, in thought, in action and have full control over their lives rather than be the victim of others actions
    slide26

    Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA) 1982 To improve the socio-economic status of the poor women in the rural areas through creation of groups of women for income-generating activities on a self-sustaining basis.

    • Crash Scheme for Rural Employment (CSRE)1972  For rural employment
    • Training Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM) 1979  Program for Training rural youth for self employment
    • Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) 1980 All-round development of the rural poor through a program of asset endowment for self employment.
    • National Rural Employment Program (NREP)1980 To provide profitable employment opportunities to the rural poor.
    slide27

    Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Program (RLEGP) 1983 For providing employment to landless farmers and laborers

    • Self-employment to the Educated Unemployed Youth (SEEUY) 1983 To provide financial and technical assistance for self-employment. 
    • Jawahar Rozgar Yojana 1989 For providing employment to rural unemployed.
    • Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) 1993 To provide employment of at least 100 days in a year in village.
    • Swarnajayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)1997 To provide gainful employment to urban unemployed and under employed poor through self employment or wage employment.
    slide28

    Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SYGSY)1999 For eliminating rural poverty and unemployment and promoting self employment.

    • Jai Prakash Narayan Rojgar Guarantee Yojana (JPNRGY) Proposed in 2002-03 budget Employment guarantee in most poor districts.
    • National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme2006 To provide at least 100 days wage employment in rural areas.
    • Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana  2001 To provide wage employment and food security in rural areas and also to create durable economic and social assets.
    slide29

    Food for Work Programme 2001 To give food through wage employment in the drought affected areas in eight states. Wages are paid by the state governments partly in cash and partly in food grains.

    • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)  2005 To create a right based framework for wage employment programmes and makes the government legally bound to provide employment to those who seek it.
    • Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) 2008 To generate employment opportunities in rural as well as urban areas through setting up of new self-employment ventures/projects/micro enterprises.
    slide30

    Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) 1975 It is aimed at enhancing the health, nutrition and learning opportunities of infants, young children (O-6 years) and their mothers.

    • Creche Scheme for the children of working mothers2006 Overall development of children, childhood protection, complete immunisation, awareness generation among parents on malnutrition, health and education.
    • Reproductive and Child Health Programme  1951 To provide quality Integrated and sustainable Primary Health Care services to the women in the reproductive age group and young children and special focus on family planning and Immunisation.
    slide31

    Pulse Polio Immunization Programme  1995 To eradicate poliomyelitis (polio) in India by vaccinating all children under the age of five years against polio virus.

    • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan  2001 All children in school, Education Guarantee Centre, Alternate School, ' Back-to-School' camp by 2003; all children complete five years of primary schooling by 2007 ; all children complete eight years of elementary schooling by 2010 ; focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life ; bridge all gender and social category gaps at primary stage by 2007 and at elementary education level by 2010 ; universal retention by 2010
    slide32

    Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya 2004 To ensure access and quality education to the girls of disadvantaged groups of society by setting up residential schools with boarding facilities at elementary level.

    • Mid-day meal Scheme  1995 Improving the nutritional status of children in classes I – VIII in Government, Local Body and Government aided schools, and EGS and AIE centres.Encouraging poor children, belonging to disadvantaged sections, to attend school more regularly and help them concentrate on classroom activities.Providing nutritional support to children of primary stage in drought-affected areas during summer vacation.
    • Integrated programme for Street Children  1993 Provisions for shelter, nutrition, health care, sanitation and hygiene, safe drinking water, education and recreational facilities and protection against abuse and exploitation to destitute and neglected street children.
    slide33

    The National Rural Health Mission 2005 Reduction in child and maternal mortality, universal access to public services for food and nutrition , sanitation and hygiene and universal access to public health care services with emphasis on services addressing women's and children's health universal immunization, etc.

    • Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)1999 Assistance is given to the poor families living below the poverty line in rural areas for taking up self employment.
    • Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) 2001 Providing gainful employment for the rural poor.
    • Employment Assurance Scheme 1993 To provide gainful employment during the lean agricultural season in manual work to all able bodied adults in rural areas who are in need and desirous of work, but can not find it..
    slide34

    Pradhanmantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY) 2000 Focus on village level development in 5 critical areas, i.e. primary health, primary education, housing, rural roads and drinking water and nutrition with the overall objective of improving the quality of life of people in rural areas. 

    • Antyodaya Anna Yojana 2000 It aims at providing food securities to poor families.
    • National Housing Bank Voluntary Deposit Scheme 1991 To utilize black money for constructing low cost housing for the poor.
    • National Social Assistance Programme 1995 To assist people living below the poverty line.
    • Jan Shree Bima Yojana 2000 Providing insurance security to people below poverty line.
    slide35

    Shiksha Sahyog Yojana 2001 Education of Children below poverty line.

    • Intensive Agriculture Development Program (IADP)1960 To provide loan , seeds , fertilizer tools to the farmers.
    • Intensive Agriculture Area Program (IAAP)1964 To develop the special harvest.
    • High Yielding Variety Program (HYVP)1966 To increase productivity of foodgrains by adopting latest varieties of inputs for crops.
    • Green Revolution 1966 To increase the food grains , specially food production.
    • Marginal Farmer and Agriculture Labor Agency (MFALA) 1973 For technical and financial assistance to marginal and small farmer and agricultural labor. 
    slide36

    Small Farmer Development Agency (SFDA) 1974 For technical and financial assistance to small farmers.

    • Farmer Agriculture Service Centres (FASC)1983 To popularize the use of improved agricultural instruments and tool kits. 
    • Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme1985 For insurance of agricultural crops.
    • Agricultural and Rural Debt Relief Scheme (ARDRS) 1990 To exempt bank loans upto Rs. 10,000 of rural artisans and weaver.
    • Intensive Cotton Development Programme (ICDP) 2000 To enhance the production, per unit area through (a) technology transfer, (b) supply of quality seeds, (c) elevating IPM activities/ and (d) providing adequate and timely supply of inputs to the farmers .
    slide37

    Minikit Programme for Rice, Wheat & Coarse Cereals 1974 To increase the productivity by popularizing the use of newly released hybrid/high yielding varieties and spread the area coverage under location specific high yielding varieties/hybrids.

    • Accelerated Maize Development Programme (AMDP) 1995 To increase maize production and productivity in the country from 10 million tonnes to 11.44 million tonnes and from 1.5 tonnes/hectare to 1.80 tonnes/hectare respectively upto the terminal year of 9th Plan i.e. 2001-2002 (revised).
    • National Pulses Development Project (NPDP) 1986To increase the production of pulses in the country to achieve self sufficiency.
    • Oil Palm Development Programme (OPDP) 1992 To promote oil palm cultivation in the country.
    slide38

    National Oilseeds and Vegetable Oils development Board (NOVOD) 1984 The main functions of the NOVOD Board are very comprehensive and cover the entire gamut of activities associated with the oil seeds and vegetable oil industry including – production, marketing, trade, storage, processing, research and development, financing and advisory role to the formulation of integrated policy and programme of development of oil seeds and vegetable oil.

    slide39

    Coconut Development Board 1981 To increase production and productivity of coconut

    • To bring additional area under coconut in potential  non-traditional areas To develop new technologies for product  diversification and by-product utilization
    • To strengthen mechanism for transfer of technologies To elevate the income level of small and marginal farmers engaged in coconut cultivation. To build up sound information basis for coconut industry and market information To generate ample employment opportunities in the rural sector.
    slide40

    Watershed Development Council (WDC) 1983 Central Sector Scheme(HQ Scheme)

    • Community Development Programme (CDP)1952 Over-all development of rural areas with people's participation.
    • Rural Electrification Corporation 1969 Electrification in rural areas
    • Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme(ARWSP)1972-73 For providing drinking water in villages
    • National Institution for Rural Development1977 Training, investigation and advisory organization for rural development
    • National Fund for Rural Development (NFRD)1984 To grant 100% tax rebate to donors and also to provide financial assistance for rural development projects.
    slide41

    Council for Advancement of People's Actions and Rural Technology (CAPART) 1986 To provide assistance for rural prosperity.

    • Service Area Account (SAA) 1988 A new credit policy for rural areas
    • Supply of Improved Toolkits to Rural Artisans (SITRA)1992 To supply modern toolkits to the rural craftsmen except the weavers , tailors , embroiders and tobacco laborers who are living below the poverty line.
    • Mahila Samridhi Yojana 1993 To encourage the rural women to deposit in Post Office Saving Account.
    • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) 2000 To line all vilages with pakka road
    • Bharat Nirman Program  2005 Development of Rural Infrastructure including six components : irrigation, Water supply, Housing, Road, Telephone and Electricity.
    slide42

    Indira Awaas Yojana 1999 To help construction of new dwelling units as well as conversion of unserviceable kutcha houses into pucca/semi-pucca by members of SC/STs, freed bonded labourers and also non-SC/ST rural poor below the poverty line by extending them grant-in-aid.

    • National Rural Livelihood Mission 2009-10 To reduce poverty among rural BPL by promoting diversified and gainful self-employment and wage employment opportunities which would lead to an appreciable increase in income on sustainable basis.
    • Pradhanmantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) 2010 Integrated development of scheduled castes dominated villages in the country.
    • Twenty Point Program 1975 Poverty eradication and raising the standard of living.
    slide43

    Draught Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) 1973-74 To minimise the adverse effects of drought on production of crops and livestock and productivity of land, water and human resources ultimately leading to drought proofing of the affected areas.

    • Annapurna Scheme 2000 To ensure food security for all create a hunger  free  India in the next five years and to reform and improve the Public Distribution System so  as to serve the poorest of the poor in rural and urban areas.
    slide44

    IDENTIFICATION OF LINE DEPARTMENTS IN MANCHAL MANDAL

    WOMEN & CHILD WELFARE

    PR

    RD

    PLANNING

    MEDICAL & HEALTH

    IRRIGATION

    AH

    REVENUE

    AGRICULTURE

    HOUSING

    RWS

    YOUTH AFFAIRS

    POLICE

    EXCISE

    SC WELFARE

    MINES & GEOLOGY

    TRIBAL WELFARE

    FOREST

    SERICULTURE

    MANDAL

    INDUSTRIES

    DISABLED WELFARE

    ENERGY

    FISHERIES

    SOCIAL WELFARE

    TELECOM

    GROUND WATER

    R&B

    BC WELFARE

    HOUSING

    MARKETING

    POSTAL

    BANKING

    EDUCATION

    COOPERATIVE

    COMMERCIAL TAX

    HORTICULTURE

    slide45

    1.PS

    2.RS

    3.ANGANWADI TEACHER

    4.ASHA WORKER

    5.FIELD ASSISTANT

    6.ADARSHA RYTHU

    Identification of paid functionaries in the pilot village

    8.Sakshara Bharathi Coordinator

    9.Sakshara Bharathi Coordinator

    10.Community Service Provider

    12.Sweeper

    7.COMMUNITY COORDINATOR

    11.ANM

    FUNCTIONARIES IN CHEEDED GP IN CHEEDED GP

    16.Sweeper

    13.Head Master

    14.Vidya Volunteer

    15.Work Inspector Housing

    20.Sweeper

    19.Village Book Keeper

    17.Teacher

    18.Vidya Volunteer

    25.Helper

    26.Waterman

    21.Teacher

    22.PTF

    23.Midday Meal Cook

    24.NPM Coordinator

    38.Gopala Mitra

    39.Karobar

    27.Teacher

    28.Teacher

    29.FP Shop Dealer

    37.Ward members-8

    slide46

    CASE STUDY - I

    Name : Devarakonda . Laxmamma

    Caste :BC

    Marital Status : Widow

    House No: 1-88/1

    Village :Cheeded

    Mandal :Manchal

    District:Ranga Reddy

    State : Andhra Pradesh

    Children : 2 Sons and 1 daughter

    Age : 50/42/39/37 years

    slide47

    VOTER INDENTITY CARD :

    50 YEARS

    RATION CARD :

    42 YEARS

    slide48

    MGNREGA JOB CARD :

    39 YEARS

    MGNREGA SMARTCARD :

    37 YEARS

    slide49

    What should be considered for her age determination?

    60 = 50 + 10

    60 = 42 + 18

    60 = 39 + 21

    60 = 37 + 23 for payment of annual premium for how many years until the age of 60 years?

    Co-contributory pension scheme for the SHG women to give them a monthly pension from the age of 60years onwards …………………

    government programmes
    GOVERNMENT PROGRAMMES

    RAJIV GANDHI GRAMEEN VIDYUTIKARAN YOJANA(RGVY)

    INDIRA KRANTHI PATHAM

    (IKP)

    IAY

    MGNREGS

    WIDOW PENSION

    D.LAXMAMMA

    AAM ADMI BHIMA YOJANA

    PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

    NRDWP

    slide51

    Name : Devarakonda . Laxmamma

    Caste :BC

    Marital Status : Widow

    House No: 1-88/1

    Village :Cheeded

    Mandal :Manchal

    District:Ranga Reddy

    State : Andhra Pradesh

    Children : 2 Sons and 1 daughter

    Age : 50/42/39/37 years

    sustainable rural development1
    SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT
    • KEYCAP – LAB –TO-LAND INITIATIVE THROUGH BHARAT NIRMAN VOLUNTEERS
    lab to land initiative
    LAB –TO –LAND INITIATIVE
    • KEYCAP – Knowledgeable and Empowered community is the KEY to Community Development in Andhra Pradesh
    • Aims at the wellbeing of rural community
    • Catalyses convergence of a host of programmes
    • Enhances effectiveness of any programme by building leadership, disseminating knowledge, community monitoring etc.,
    • Builds a cadre of Bharat Nirman Volunteers to be the “last mile human connectivity” for the Government with the Rural Community.
    slide56

    2011-12

    Rs 8,00,00 crores from both Central and State Governments for

    various welfare and Development Programmes

    slide57

    DEPARTMENT OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT

    DEPARTMENT OF DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION

    DEPARTMENT OF LAND RESOURCES