Comparative Cultural Patterns: Arab Culture. Chapter 9. Comparing Arab Cultures. Cultural awareness is a critical communication skill. Value categories (Ch. 8) are used to compare Arab and U.S. cultures. Specific emphasis on religion and language.
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Diversity in the Arab World:
Focus on Theory
1. Shahada, or creed is the confession of faith: La ilaha illa ‘llah and is translated at “there is no God but God, and Muhammad is his prophet.”
2. Salah (prayer) is an important part of everyday life. Muslims are required to stop and pray 5 times a day facing in the direction of the holy city of Mecca.
3. Zakat (giving alms) to the poor is expected of each person.
4. Swam (fasting) during the holy month of Ramadan is required.
Derived from Islam & expressed in the Arabic language.
Allah determines all action.
Private enterprise is valued but selfish and greedy capitalism is not tolerated.
Islamic worldview does not accept change uncritically & is therefore conservative (Koran).
If humans obey Allah & the Quran they will be in harmony with all other elements of nature.
In Saudi Arabia women are veiled & wear the Abaya, do not go out alone, drive, or eat with men, are not allowed to attend sporting events or go to the movie theater.