Cross-Cultural Leadership. Lauren Gruchala. Kaci Grant. Overview. Culture Defined Related Concepts Hofstede & others GLOBE Universally Desirable and Undesirable Leadership Attributes Challenges to Cross-Cultural Leadership Questions Sources.
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The Dutch place emphasis on egalitarianism and are skeptical about the value of leadership. Terms like leader and manager carry a stigma. If a father is employed as a manager, Dutch children will not admit it to their schoolmates.
Power Distance: 40
Uncertainty Avoidance Index: 46
Long-term Orientation: 29
2. Power Distance: Degree to which members of group expect & agree that power should be shared unequally
3. Institutional Collectivism: Degree to which organization or society encourages institutional or societal collective action
4. In-Group Collectivism: Degree to which people express pride, loyalty, & cohesiveness in their organizations or families
5. Gender Egalitarianism: Degree to which an organization or society minimizes gender role differences and promotes gender equality
6. Assertiveness: Degree to which people in a culture are determined, assertive, confrontational, and aggressive in their social relationships
7. Future Orientation: Extent to which people engage in future-oriented behaviors such as planning, investing in the future, and delaying gratification
8. Performance Orientation: Extent to which and organization or society encourages and rewards group members for improved performance and excellence
9. Humane Orientation: Degree to which a culture encourages and rewards people for being fair, altruistic, generous, caring, and kind to others
2. Team-oriented leadership: Emphasizes team building and a common purpose among team members
3. Participative leadership: The degree to which leaders involve others in making and implementing decisions
4. Human oriented leadership: Emphasizes being supportive, considerate, compassionate, & generous
5. Autonomous leadership: Refers to independent and individualistic leadership
6. Self-protective leadership: Reflects behaviors that ensure the safety & security of the leader & and the group